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Apply to a job Letter

Ielts 'apply to a job' type letter:, sample 'job applications' with answers:, a restaurant has advertised in a newspaper that a waiter/waitress is required for evening work. it has also mentioned that the prospective candidate should have some experience., you are looking for a part-time job at a football club. write a letter to the manager of the football club., you are looking for a full-time job, and recently you saw a job opening in an advertisement. write a letter to the company., you have seen an advertisement for a 'weekend work' in a hotel in the town where you are staying. you have worked in a hotel before and think that the job would be suitable for you. now you want to apply for the job., you have seen an advertisement in an english newspaper for a job working in the city museum shop during the holidays. you have decided to apply for the job., you have seen an advertisement in this week’s magazine that invites suitable candidates to apply for the sales manager position in a company., you are looking for a part-time job. write a letter to an employment agency., you have seen an advertisement in an australian magazine for someone to live with a family for six months and look after their six-year-old child., you have seen an advertisement for a community college that needs teachers for night classes. write a letter to the community college., you work as a part-time employee in a company. the company has recently posted an advertisement seeking a person for a full-time position. you want to apply for this full-time job..

letter of application ielts

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Preparation for the IELTS Exam

IELTS General Writing Task 1: Job application letter

Model answer for general writing task 1 ielts, a letter to your boss about a job application..

As mentioned before in my previous posts about IELTS general writing task 1, there are 2 styles for letters. Formal and Informal. Click here to see the differences between IELTS academic task 1 and the General Test. In this lesson, I will look at a letter applying for a job. The style here will be formal because it is a letter to a company.

When you are given a task question there are 3 points to cover. These points will be written about in the body paragraphs. At the start of the letter you should give a reason for why you are writing. This is usually one sentence.

You need to analyse the task question first to make sure you are writing the right kind of letter and covering the key points. If you do not clearly cover all 3 bullet points you could lose a Band score in Task response. I advise about 4 minutes planning your ideas here. You have only 20 minutes to write the letter.

At the end of the letter, especially in formal writing, you should have a sentence such as :

‘I look forward to hearing from you again soon’

I look forward to your reply’ … (or something similar).

Aim for about 170 to 180 words in this task, the minimum is 150 words. Always check your letter for mistakes after writing. Spelling and punctuation are marked in the Grammar criteria.

ielts general letter structure

Task question

You are applying for a job and need a reference. Write a letter to the boss in your former job. In your letter:

• Give details of the job • Explain why it is important to you • Suggest what information your ex-boss could put in the reference.

Model answer

Dear Mr Evans,

I am writing this letter to request a reference from my time at your company.

The company I am hoping to join is connected to NASA and develops software for the international space station. The role consists of developing software that controls the airflow system in the space station. I will have to use my previous skills with Unix to write programs. Additionally, I am expected to work in a team of 20 people to resolve software issues in the filtration systems in the capsules.

The job which I am applying for is my dream job. As you know, I have always wanted to get a position related to space development and computer systems, so this is very important for my career.

I would like to kindly request that you include information about my previous duties which relate directly to this new role. Furthermore, would it be possible to mention my previous success with software development? I would be very grateful if you could put these in the reference.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Yours Sincerely, David Smith

• Give details of the job – I covered this in paragraph one, I mentioned the type of company and what my duties are going to be. I added extra information about working in a team and other duties. In this paragraph, I have used the future tense ‘ expected to’ and ‘will’ because I have not yet started working there.

• Explain why it is important to you – The second paragraph, which is only 2 sentences, covers my reasons for wanting to join the new company.

• Suggest what information your ex-boss could put in the reference – In the third paragraph I have explained this using ‘I would like to kindly request…’ this is a polite formal request. I have also added extra information of what I require. I ended with the phrase  ‘ I would be very grateful if you could…’   again, this is a formal request and it is polite language.

You must begin with a ‘salutation’ something like Dear Mr Smith or Dear Ms Jones etc..

Always end a formal letter with ‘Yours Sincerely’ or if you don’t know the name of the person write ‘Yours Faithfully’. You can also use the phrase ‘Kind Regards ‘ in a formal letter.

Any questions or comments? leave them below

Leave a comment cancel reply.

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IELTS Letter Writing Tips: Essential Top 10 Tips

Essential IELTS Letter Writing Tips for General Training Writing Task 1. Learn the right approach and techniques to get a high score in your IELTS GT letter. This page was last updated in 2023.

On this page, you will find:

  • Instructions about IELTS Letter Writing with Tips
  • Types of IELTS Letters
  • Letter Aims
  • Opening your Letter
  • Signing Off
  • Structure & Paragraphs
  • Planning your Letter
  • Model Letters

1. Instructions for IELTS Letters

You will be given instructions and three points to include in your letter.Below is an example of the type of instructions you can get:

You recently had a holiday visiting your friends and you stayed in their house. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter: thank your friend for staying with them tell them what you enjoyed most about the holiday explain you are sending photos of the holiday with the letter

Tips for IELTS letter writing:

  • Spend 20 mins on this letter. Spend 3 -5 mins planning and then the rest writing. Always leave 2 mins to check your letter for spelling or grammar mistakes. You will need a full 40 mins for task 2, so don’t go over 20 mins for task 1. It is your responsibility to control the time in your writing test. Keep your eye on the clock.
  • You should write over 150 words (aim for between 160 and 180 to be safe). Writing a letter over 200 words is a waste of time. You don’t get a higher score for length.
  • Your letter is worth 33% of your final writing score. See this page: How your final writing score is calculated
  • You do NOT need to write an address on the letter. The first words will probably be “Dear” and then a name or title.
  • Pay close attention to who you are writing to and the relationship you have with that person. This will decide your style of writing and your tone.
  • Pay attention to the aim and purpose of the letter. You must fulfil the purpose of the letter.
  • It is essential that you use the three bullet points to structure your letter and provide the foundation for the information. This doesn’t mean that you write in bullet points, it means that you use the bullet points to create the content for paragraphs, for example the information for the first bullet point will be one paragraph.
  • All points must be included clearly in your letter. If you fail to include all the points in your letter, your band score will be lower. This relates to Task Achievement which is 25% of your marks.
  • You must use your imagination to fill in details and decide the names of the people in your letter.
  • Begin your letter by addressing the person and then an opening line. Always sign off appropriately. The way you address the person and the opening line will change depending on the style of letter, the person you are writing to and the purpose of the letter.

2. Types of IELTS Letter

There are three different types of letters: personal (informal), semi-formal and formal. Each type of letter will use different language. It will have a different beginning and a different way of signing off.  Before you start writing, you should decide which type of letter you must write by identifying the task given. Below are examples of the three different types of letters.

Informal Letter (or Personal Letter)

You would like to invite a foreign friend to visit you for your birthday Write a letter inviting your friend. In your letter: tell your friend about your birthday explain how much the visit would mean to you suggest that your friend stays at your house for the visit

A personal letter is to someone you have a personal relationship, a friend who you meet or used to meet in your free time to socialise with inside your home. The content is about something social or personal, such as a holiday, party. Both the person and content are informal in nature.

Semi-formal Letter

You give advice to your friend who is seeking work. Write a letter advising your friend about a job  tell your friend which job it is explain why you think it is a suitable job advise your friend about the application process
You would like to ask your boss for time off work. Write a letter requesting time off work. In your letter: explain why you are requesting time off work give details of dates explain how you will ensure you will keep up with your work 

As you can see, I’ve provided two examples of a Semi-Formal letter. Both are semi-formal, but one is slightly more informal and the other is slightly more formal. 

  • Semi-Formal / Informal: This means it is not 100% informal. Your relationship with the person is informal but the letter content is very serious, such as about work or education. Your letter might start with “Dear John” or “Hi John”, this means a more informal style of writing, but with much more serious content. 
  • Semi-Formal / Formal: This means the letter is not 100% formal because you know the person. But you don’t know this person in your private life or home life so this relationship is not informal. This person is someone you know professionally, such as a colleague, boss, teacher, or a neighbour.  The style will be more formal, but your language will not be completely the same as a fully formal letter. The way you address the person might vary: your colleague “Dear Bob”, but your boss or neighbour “Dear Mr Brown”. 

Note: You might find teachers vary slightly in how they categorise letters. Some teachers only have two categories of letters (Formal and Informal) and some teachers have three categorise but they might vary from mine. Teachers do not do this to confuse you. Each teacher chooses their categories because they think it is the best way to help you understand the letter style and content. Therefore, choose the categorisation that works best for you to have a clear understanding.

Formal Letter

You are interested in applying for a scholarship program to study at a foreign University. Write a letter to inquire about the course. In your letter: explain which course you are interested in tell what you know about the University explain why you should receive the scholarship

A formal letter is to someone you have no relationship with about a very formal matter. The person is actually a position in a company, organisation or university. So, you are writing to the position, rather than a person. Examples of formal letters are to a magazine editor, hotel manager, local council, a college or university (not a teacher) or customer services department at a company.  You would address the letter as “Dear Sir/Madam” because you don’t even know the gender of the person you are writing to. To sum up, the person is unknown and content is formal.

3. Letter Aims

Letters can be based on different content which will affect the style of the letter. Below is a list of some of the common contents for letters. Although there are hints about whether the letters are usually formal or not, please note that you will know the style by reading the instructions given to you.

  • complaints (usually formal)
  • invitations (usually personal or semi-formal)
  • applications or resignations (usually formal)
  • request (any style common)
  • making arrangements (often formal)
  • explanation (sometimes semi-formal or personal)
  • informative / news letter (often personal/ semi-formal but formal can also appear)
  • apology (could be any style)

 4. Letter Openings

Letters usually start with an opening statement which explains the reason for writing the letter. This opening statement varies depending on whether you are writing a formal or informal letter. Below are two examples of an opening statement. Can you spot which one is formal, semi-formal and informal?

A)  I am writing this letter with regards to the scholarship program to study at London University which I read in Sunday Times on December 1st, 2014.

B)  It’s been so long since we last were in touch but I haven’t forgotten all the wonderful times we spent together last year. It’s my birthday coming up and I wanted to invite you over to stay at my place for the celebration.

C) I’m just writing to say thank you for the offer of joining your company.

5. Signing Off

Depending on the style and aim of the letter, you will need to adapt your sign off. Below you can see how the salutations (the way you address the person at the start) matches the sign off.

  • Dear Sir / Madam = Yours faithfully,  (formal letters – to a hotel manager, magazine editor, company complains department)
  • Dear Mr Robson = Yours sincerely, (semi-formal / formal letters – to a boss, teacher, neighbour)
  • Dear John = Best regards (semi-formal / formal – to a colleague at work)
  • Dear John = Best wishes (semi-formal / informal letters – to a friend about work or something serious)
  • Dear Dave = Best wishes (informal- to a friend about something social)
  • As you can see, some sign offs use a Sir/Madam, sometimes we use the title with the surname (family name) and sometimes we use the first name (given name) without a title.
  • You use Sir/Madam when you don’t know the name of the person you are writing to. But please note, not to use such a title in your speaking test.
  • If you have a semi formal relationship with the person whose name you know, who you have met and who you know, you use “Mr Brown”. This is to a person who you don’t know social with in your private life and who is in a position of authority above you, such as a boss, teacher etc.
  • You can use “Dear John” with a semi-formal / formal letter to a colleague. Certainly, you don’t socialise with this person outside of work, but they are on the same level as you at work and you have more relaxed working relationship with them.
  • We use no title and no last name when we write to a friend. We only use their first name (given name).

Below are some examples of final comments before signing off, can you tell which ones are formal and which not?

It’ll be great to catch up again soon. Give my best to everyone in the family. (informal)

I look forward to hearing from you. (formal)

Note: there are other ways of giving a final comment but it depends on the content of the letter you are writing. See my model letters (links below) to see this.

You should write a name at the end of your letter. You can use your name or you can invest one. Likewise, to address the person you are writing to, you can invent a name.

6. Grammar: Formal and Informal

Formal and informal (friendly) letters contain different language and style of writing. While informal letters can contain contractions ( I’m writing …), these contractions are unacceptable in formal writing so you need to write the words in full ( I am writing …. …).

In a formal letter, you could write “I am writing with regards to ….”,  whereas for a semi-formal letter you can write “I’m writing about…” or “I’m writing to let you know that ..” or “I just want to tell you that..”. So, it is important to adapt your writing to suit the style of the letter. Also remember to use a range of different sentence structures in order to get a high score.

You’ll also get a score for a range of sentence structure and grammar features as well as tenses. Pay attention to articles(the / a / plural nouns), prepositions, word order etc.

7. Vocabulary: Formal and Informal

For vocabulary, be very careful using academic language in a personal letter. This would be inappropriate and will reduce your band score rather than increase it. Here are some examples of the difference between formal and informal language:

  • You will be collected at the airport = I’ll pick you up at the airport
  • The next available appointment is on Thursday = how about we meet up on Thursday?
  • I would like to invite you to visit my house on…. = Why don’t you pop round to my place on …..
  • I highly recommend that you come in August = it’d be great if you came in August
  • Please respond at the earliest convenience = Get back to me as soon as you can
  • Unfortunately I will not be able to attend  on … = Sorry, but I won’t be able to make it on ….

IELTS will give you bullet points as content. It is your task to expand these bullet points into paragraphs with details. You need to invent those details. And, of course, details require appropriate vocabulary.

8. Spelling and Punctuation

The examiner will check your accuracy in your spelling and your punctuation (this means your use of commas and full stops). If you make frequent errors in spelling or in punctuation it is unlikely to get over band score 6. Spelling is part of the marking criterion of Vocabulary and punctuation is part of the marking criterion of Grammar.

9. Structure and Paragraphs

You must also organise your letter into paragraphs. This is an essential part of your letter writing and the examiner will be marking you on your ability to use effective paragraphing. In IELTS writing task 1 (GT), the letter structure below is most common as it usually follows the three points which you must include in your letter. However you must adapt it to suit the task given to you by IELTS. So spend time reading the instructions and deciding your paragraphing.

  • address to the person (name and possibly title as explained previously on this page)
  • opening statement – reason for writing and in an informal letter to a friend it might also include a personal greeting.
  • body paragraph A (first bullet point expanded into a paragraph with detail)
  • body paragraph B (second bullet point expanded into a paragraph with detail)
  • body paragraph C (third bullet point expanded into a paragraph with detail)
  • closing statement (if needed)
  • signing off
  • name (choose a name or use your own)

10. Planning Your Letter

You should spend at least 3 or 4 minutes planning your letter. Covering all the points in your letter, adding details, using the appropriate style of letter writing and using paragraphs well count for about 50% of your marks. So it’s worth taking time to plan your letter well. Follow the points below for a well planned letter:

  • read the instructions
  • identify what style of letter you must write
  • read through the points you must include in your letter
  • think about how many paragraphs you will have and where to put each point
  • plan what information you will add to each point
  • decide how to open the letter
  • think about the language you will use (both grammar and vocabulary) – it must suit the style of the letter
  • decide how to close the letter
  • plan the content of each body paragraph
  • start writing

11. Model Letters for IELTS GT

  • Apology Letter: Model Answers Formal & Informal
  • Amendment Letter: Model Answer 2017
  • Complaint Letter: Model Answer
  • Complaint Letter: Error Correction
  • Letter to a Friend: Model Answer
  • Invitation Letter: Model Answer
  • Collection of IELTS Sample Letters for Practice

Also Review

  • How to Improve your IELTS GT Letter
  • Differences between GT & Academic Writing


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The provided bar graph illustrate the percentage rate of as population aged 65 and over in Japan, Sweden and USA between 1940 and 2040

overall, it is readily apparent that the Japan had the lowest percentage rate in the first year. However, it is going to outraced both countries while, sweden and Japan has the Similar upward trend.

In 1940, Japan faced the downward trend between middle of the than it rocketed and over 25% in the upcoming year (2040) , yet sweden had the similar trend as compare to Japan , Sweden also going to show the upward trend in the future year (2040) while, being outraced by Japan

On the other hand, USA has highest percentage rate in 1940, however in the year (1980-2020) it stable and rise a bit in the upcoming year (2040).

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Dear Jaspreet,

How have you been since we last met?

I don’t know if you remember, But I’m writing to invite you to my 22nd birthday which I’ll be celebrating in Hotel Delta on 23rd Nov 2023.

I still remember the moments we cherished together while on vacation in the United Kingdom, I will be more than happy if you’ll be able to come. Your presence would mean the world to me. Having you by my side on this significant occasion would make it even more memorable.

Also when you’ll be coming, Make sure to plan for at least 2 weeks because I want you to stay in my house which I recently bought. During your stay, we’ll have plenty of time to reconnect, explore the area, and create new memories.

Can’t wait to see you!

Warm regards, Japsimran Singh

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Your words have the ability to uplift and inspire people from all walks of life.

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Thanks. That’s really kind. I’m glad I have the impact to encourage others.

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I recently came across a topic to write a letter to a singer do you think it should be formal?

It really depends on the instructions given with the topic. Most letters to singers will be fan letters which aren’t particularly formal but more informal in nature. But as I said, it depends on the other instructions given by IELTS.

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It’s been a long since we last met, I hope things are going well your side. Although it’s been a one long year since we met, it still feels very fresh in my mind as it rejuvenated our good old days.

It’s my birthday coming up this June and I was wondering if you can take your time and visit me on my birthday. It will really mean a lot to me as I want to spend this precious moment with some special people of my life. I am deciding to visit nearby hill station on my birthday week, and explore some mind-boggling food, along with some beautiful sight-seeing.

Since it will be a summer that time and you know how beautiful and happening British Columbia is, we can also indulge ourselves in some recreational activities like hiking, water games, and many more. Also, you don’t have to worry about booking any home as you know I have an own apartment and you can stay with me. Let me know once you make your mind, so that I can apply plan accordingly. I am looking to hear a positive revert from your side.

Regards, Bhavesh

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Dear Amy, Last week was fun. I can’t believe it is over already. I want to thank you for an amazing week in the cabin and I was touched by the hospitality of your family. I forever will cherish our time together. When we came back home from the cabin, I started packing my stuff up because I had to leave early in the morning for Dakota. The train was scheduled to leave at 7 sharp and among packing, bidding farewells and leaving at a reasonable hour for train, I accidentally left my wallet on your couch. It is unfortunate, I know and yes, I am a little irresponsible, just stop judging me. Now the thing is, I have my driving license, debit and credit cards inside the wallet and I can not function without them understandably. I have an exam on Saturday, that’s in 4 days and I need my driving license because the bus station is around an hour away from where I live. Be a darling and send me the wallet by post as soon as possible. It would be a huge favor and I’d definitely owe you one, no questions asked. Take care, Elina

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Hi Liz, I was going through your grammar E book . It is really interesting. I usually get confused when to use ing after to and when to is used as a to infinitive form. Statement from E book: “People who dedicate their lives to saving others should be respected by society.” My question is why can’t we say save instead of saving in above sentence. Your response shall be highly appreciated.😊 Amrit

I’m glad you’ve got my Grammar E-book. The word “saving” is a noun, not a verb. The word “to” is a preposition connected to the verb “dedicated”. “People dedicate their lives to something”. For example, “she dedicated her life to music” or “she dedicated her life to playing the piano”. Another example of such language: – I look forward to hearing from you. – I look forward to your response. – I look forward to my birthday. The word “to” is a preposition connected to the verb “look forward”. The word “hearing” is a noun, the same as the words “your response” and “my birthday”. “. Go to the “Gerund” chapter in my Grammar E-book to learn about nouns like “saving” – Chapter 6 in Volume I.

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Hey D., I already feel nostalgic for the holidays that we spent together and the memories that we created to cherish forever. Thank you, for your amazing hospitality. On that note, I was wondering if you saw my wallet at your place, seemingly, I forgot it there before leaving. I remember collecting and packing everything except the wallet which is usually in my denim back pocket, however, it wasn’t there. I realized it a bit late but I am sure I left it in the guest room on the bed’s side table. Just in case, you don’t find it at the designated place, then look around the bed counters. It’s a black Tommy Hilfiger case that glows in the dark so it generally grabs attention. I will be grateful if you could send it back to me since it’s a gift from Angela and she would get upset to see that I don’t have it on me. You can send the priority mail which would reach me in 2-3 business days. Needless to mention the whole address as you already know it, however, P.O. box number is recently updated to 4506. Also, We should plan next summer vacation soon. I look forward to hearing from you.

Best wishes, Manila

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Hi Liz, Your website was instrumental in helping me get great scores back in 2017. I am now revisiting your website again after all these years to take another stab at IELTS as my old scores have expired since. So first off I want to extend my sincere thanks to you for keeping this content free and accessible for all. Your website is a real treasure. I have recommended this blog to others on several occasions…

Onto my question – Is a subject or heading required for the writing task 1? And does the letter need to be dated? – I plan to take the computer based version in about two weeks time.

Cheers. Regards, Mohamed

For GT letters, you don’t need headings, titles, dates, addresses or anything like that. The first words will be “Dear …” or “Hi …”. And then you sign off with a fake name in the form that suits the type of letter you are writing. See the model letters which are linked on the page above.

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Dearest Liz, This world needs more people like you! Stay blessed, strong and healthy.Best wishes from Sri Lanka. With Best regards, Imasha Shehani

That’s really kind. Thanks and greetings to everyone in beautiful Sri Lanka 🙂

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Hey Liz I’m scared of the IELTS exam, I’m still studying hoping to write it soon, thanks so much for ur videos and teaching 💖

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Is “Dear Sir / Madam” and “Yours faithfully” counted in the word count?

Yes. All words you write on your answer sheet are counted. Each individual word.

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Hi Elizabeth, I bought a Grammar e-book 20 minutes ago but I misspelled my email address. So, I haven’t received a link to reach my digital purchases. How can I reach you to solve the problem? Thank you

No problem. I’ve just emailed you. Check both your inbox and spam folder.

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Thank you. Got It.

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Hi Liz give me feedback of this following informal/personal letter about giving a birthday invitation to a foreign friend. Many Thanks..!!!

Hi David, It has been a long time since we have finished our graduation in UK. I am not sure whether you remember, my birthday is coming up on 4th March. So I am writing this letter to invite you cordially to visit my country on the occasion of my birthday. Since we finished our graduation, you have no idea how much I miss my student life specially the late night conversations and weekends outings I used to have with you. As soon as I returned my home country Bangladesh, I joined with my father’s business. With the busy schedules, I did not realize that it has been more than 5 years since we saw each other. I just wanted to have a break from my monotonous life and I think it would a great opportunity to meet you again and it will be an amazing vacation for you. You once expressed an interest to visit my country. So why don’t you have a leave and spend a month with me and my family? Once you decide on your plan, let me know what date you want to come and I will pick you up from the airport. I will make arrangements for you to stay in our house. Please let me know the date you want to come and really hoping that you will be able to make this trip for me. Looking forward to hearing from you soon. Truly yours, Deb

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Thank you so much Liz. I took my exam yesterday and your instructions made it an amazing experience. God bless.

I’m so glad it went well. Fingers crossed for your results 🙂

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fingers crossed very nice word.

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Hi Deb, I just want to thank you for making an effort of inviting me in your country I really appreciate it but there are moments and situations of our lives that is beyond our control even if how we hardly pushed to make it well in our favor . I wrote this letter to let you know that I can’t make it to be with you in your birthday because of my job I can’t just file a leave for that long vacation. I know that my presence in that important occasion makes that celebration more meaningful for you and your family but as far as I would love to be with you in that special day of yours, but there circumstances won’t allow me to do so, I know what you feel right now reading my letter but . I just want to express my deep regret of not being there for you. Nevertheless I just want greet you a Happiest Birthday in advance, I hope that it’ll become a successful event for you and your love ones and all the party goers , just enjoy the whole event it, That’s your day. And I believed that there are some other time we can make it on our way soon. I hope that you will understand my situation, and it won’t affect our long time friendship wishing you the best

Yours truly Marvin

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Hi Liz, could u please assist my letter, this is my 1st letter and sharing approximate writing score band would be useful.

Dear Ahmed,

Thanks for borrowing me your advanced new camera. I’m writing to express my appreciation and my apology.

Actually, I was using your camera during my trip to Alexandria and I accidentally drop it in the water. I immediately picked it up and tried to dry it with all possible ways. It worked for some days but the taken photos were not that clear and it suddenly stopped working again.

I really apologize for this unintended accident, I was really trying to do my best to keep your camera in a safe place and not to share it with any family member.

Please accept my apologize and allow me to fix this issue. Please send me camera model number as I can’t find it and the best place that buy this brand of cameras.

Again, I really apologize for this issue and I hope it doesn’t affect our relationship..

Yours sincerely, Ali

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Ali, If you write a letter to a friend it should be an informal one in IELTS. I would suggest aligning with the tone. like you have used accept apologies, express a token of appreciation, these words are more formal and not appropriate to use in informal letters.

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Artists need a certain amount of freedom to develop their creativity. Some people think that artists should have total freedom to express any thoughts and ideas. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Artists should have the freedom to a certain extent to show their talent and expertise in society. Some people agree that freedom must be provided to creative people so that they can easily express their thoughts and what they have learned among us. In my opinion, freedom should be given but no one should come in harm’s way for one’s freedom. Having freedom means sharing ideas, experiences, and talents freely, without having the fear of consequences. After being influenced by the following, there are higher chances that more people jump into fields like arts, painting, drama, and many more. Being an expert in these things can be helpful to elaborate our culture along with our ethics and keep them alive. Moreover, many people try to use their talents to bring attention to our society towards social issues in many ways. That time, it reflects as a unity. During the farmers’ strike in India, many famous celebrities came forward and put a step forward to reach out their concern to the government.

On the other hand, freedom doesn’t mean mocking someone’s feelings, religion, and disability. Needless to say, that creations should be constructive always, not destructive. Additionally, there should be no sense of tension and stress related to arts, as these activities are stress buster. Many incidents were noticed that lots of artworks like paintings created a nuisance. To illustrate, M.F Hussain is a famous painter in India who portraited a nude Hindu goddess which created chaos in that community. In addition to this, objectifying women in various art may impact negatively the young generation. Hence, these kinds of actions are against the positivity and emotions which may arise riots.

To recapitulate, freedom within a limit is advisable so that our culture and values stay alive through generations, and beyond that, no one can humiliate anyone’s emotions by any means of art and thus, no negative footprints.

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Can you chak my essey semple?

Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

there are some differences toward the options in the number of male and female at the university. It is argued that equal numbers of genders should be accepted to every subject. There are some justifications which will be discussed in this following essay about accepting equal both sexes in every subject and some me against express to that view.

On the one hand, both genders to accept equal numbers in every subject is not practical method in the university. Subjects that are preferred by male who are chosen ones. For example, medicine lessons are selected more by female than male due to some reasons that are obviously studied more to the nurses by females have more express to look after patients. However, number of females are highly skilled in creativity engineers lessons compared to men students. Despite preferring to accept numbers of gender in every subject. that may confuse to get education in both sexes.

On the other hand, there are clear reasons to why numbers of gender should be received in some lesson. Firstly, according to latest researches, girls have same ability in some fields compared to men in terms of express and mastering science. Even in some sciences it is discussed that girls are smarter than male based on their performance at the universities like technology lessons which are required female employees instead of men due to make it happen such a registration in the internet company. Hence, universities should provide same gender in some lessons that female workers need to accept such kind of fields are emphasized above. To conclude, this essay discussed that although accept equal number of female and male seems to be unreliable. In my opinion, it is beneficial to increase the rate of female students to provide employees.

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Hi Liz, Is it alright to use ‘that’s saying something’ in written English, as it looks to me to be used only in spoken English?

For example, “It was by far the best vacation I’ve had in a very long time, and that’s saying something since I take frequent exotic vacations.”

Thank you for your help!

This isn’t about whether it is written or spoken language. It’s an informal expression used in informal English. If you are writing informally, you can use it.

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I have taken the IELTS GT CD and got 6.5 in writing. One of the remarks is that I have inconsistent tone.

Could you please confirm that I did the wrong signing off, which could have affected my score?

The task is about an advertisment on second hand bicycle that I saw from a student of the same university as I am.

The prompt started with “Dear___” I wrote Dear Mr. Johnson = Yours sincerely

Should I end it with “Yours truthfully” instead?

Thanks in advance

The page above explains about titles and signing off. Just take a look and learn the right way. You need to look at the purpose of the letter and also the person you are writing to. You do not need to write in such a formal way to a fellow student. You would write more formally to a teacher, not a student in your own university who is in the same position as yourself. If you met a fellow student in your own university who invited you for pizzas, would you really be so formal in the same way as speaking to a manager of a company? Look at the context, the person, the relationship, the status of the person, the letter aims etc and write accordingly and appropriately. It will negatively affect your score to sign off incorrectly, use the wrong title or use the wrong tone.

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First, Thank You so very much for the wonderful lessons that you share. I have found them to be very helpful in my preparations.

My question is in regards to the GT Task 1, writing. The question prompt says to “begin your letter with Dear Sir or Madam”. I am writing to the manager of a hotel, whom I don’t know personally. What is the correct way to begin? Should I say “Dear Sir/Madam” or pick one, either “Dear Sir” or “Dear Ma’am”?

Start as you are instructed: Dear Sir or Madam,

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Hi Liz, GT Letter for thanking friend. I wrote the letter. Please comment on it.

Dear John, I reached home after a long journey. It was my dream to go for the hiking, thanks for making it true and you have a loving family I enjoyed staying with you in your home. I must say that you are very lucky that you will get so delicious meals everyday cooked by your Mom, I loved it. Please convey my regards and thanks her. Time flies so fast; one week we spent together will be memorable throughout my life. I really enjoyed the hiking, without you it might be impossible for me. The high mountains with the greenery, springs and scenery, it was like dream for me because living in the city you will not find such things. You remember we took so many photos. My family and friends like them most, now they are also planning the holiday like mine. I am sending you some of our memorable photos; hope you will like them also. If you want to see all photos you can find it on my Instagram or Facebook. Once again I thank you and it will be my pleasure if do visit me in your holidays. Hope to see you soon. Regards, Ahmed

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Hi Liz, I would like to know if there’s any change or update in writing task 1 (general training) recently. I once read in an IELTS book that now it is ok to use “kind regards” in Formal letters. It doesn’t make any differences if you use name, tile or sir or madam in the title.

That is not connected to IELTS. That is simply English developing over the decades. Certainly “Kind regards” is very common to use these days at the end of formal letters. IELTS will tell you if you need to use a formal title, such as “Sir”. Otherwise, you must choose either a name with a title, such as Mr or Mrs, or a name without a title which is common in informal letters.

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Should we say “less people”, “less cars” or “fewer people”, “fewer cars”? I know grammatically speaking, we should use the latter ones, but I know many English-speaking people use the former ones.

Not sure whether we will be marked down if we use “fewer cars/people”

“fewer” people is actually grammatically correct English. “less people” is actually grammatically incorrect English. However, many English people say “less people”. While you might get away with it in IELTS Speaking, you will be marked down for being incorrect in IELTS Writing.

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Hello Liz! here’s the letter I wrote. I think I did good but I need to work more with my time. i times myself and it was more than 20 mins. I practice more. Also, I just want to thank you for all your videos and tips. I am learning so much from you. God bless you and your family.

———————————————————————————————————————– Dear Kim, I am writing to you all to let you know that I enjoyed my vacation staying at your house and I am grateful for all of your warm welcome. Seeing you and the whole family after almost three years really makes my heart joyful. I enjoyed the whole week full of activities, joyrides, good food and catching up with each one of you. Can you imagine all the Filipino desserts we ate? Oh I missed it so much that I ate more than I should. Good thing your mom gave me some to bring home. There are two other things I most enjoyed during my visit. One was going to the beach and just soaking up in the sun. There’s nothing more beautiful than the beaches and sands there, in my opinion. Second was just being able to reminisce all our childhood memories together while enjoying home cooked meals and desserts. Also, remember all the photos I took with my camera? I printed all the nice ones and attached here in my letter. I can also email the others if you wish. Looking forward to see all of you on my next vacation.

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Hi Liz . Your free lessons very helpful for everyone. I like your lessons

I’m glad they are useful 🙂

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Hi Liz, I found your ielts content very helpful. Please advice if the following is correct to mention in the beginning of task1 ; ‘I want to draw your attention to’ or ‘I would like to bring to your attention’

This is not an expression that is used in IELTS Writing Task 1. Go to my model answers for diagrams and see how I write them.

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Dear, how can i get your model answers for diagrams, I’m new in IELTS. Please help me.

Go to the main writing task 1 section of this website.

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I have a question on grammatical range and accuracy. Are we permitted to use exclamation marks in the IELTS general training letter writing task 1? Or should I just stick to using commas, apostrophes and full stops? For example: Can I write the sentence below with an exclamation at the end or should I use a full stop? Thank you for your wonderful blog and videos.

Hope you’re well. I’m writing with some bad news, I’m afraid!

Avoid using exclamation marks in IELTS. Commas and full stops are enough for a band score 9.

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Alright, thank you 🙂

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Is it ok if the words go beyond the line in the answer sheet?

Do you mean, is it ok if the writing on the sheet is messy? The answer is “No, it isn’t ok”. The examiner must be able to read it all very carefully. Also make sure you stay within the lines. Being one or two letters over is fine, but try to stay within the lines and keep things tidy.

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Firstly thanks for your tips. I scored 9 in Listening & Reading, 8 in Speaking but only 6.5 in writing. My strongest assumption is that i lost points because of punctuation errors. I would really appreciate if you can provide some tips on that.

Thanks again!!

I will be publishing a Grammar E-book in about 6 weeks which will contain a chapter on punctuation. In total, it will be 272 pages in length and also have a Workbook for exercises included. I suggest you get it when it is released. Just subscribe to this site (for free) to get an email notification when it’s ready.

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You are organising a party for your colleagues. Write a letter to them and say What happened at the last year’s party Give suggestions on how to make it better Mention the venue, date and time to meet

I am writing this letter to provide all the information about the annual party which is being organised during this month.

I understand that there were various issues faced by many people at the last year’s party. The main problem was that the quality of food and beverages was quite bad. Not only this, it was not enough for 100 people. Also, the music got turned off very early. However, we are trying to compensate for it in this year.

I would like to suggest that please provide the confirmation in the next 2 days so that we can inform the exact count to the vendor. Furthermore, we have requested the vendor to play the music till 11 pm. I would request you all to reach the venue on time so that we have ample time to enjoy on the dance floor.

The party is organised on Saturday, 14th of December from 6 pm onwards at The Palms Garden.

Please message or call me in case you have any questions or concerns.

Yours sincerely, Priya Agarwal

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Liz, thanks a lot for your wonderful web-site and tons of useful information. Your web-site helped me a lot during my preparation. (hugging emoji)

I’m so glad it’s useful for you! Hugs back 🙂

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Hi Liz- Thanks for such rich information! When it comes to name’s titles – I was told to add Dot after Mr. Mrs. Dr. even J.K. Rolling. In your training, however, titles appear without a “dot”. Could you please advise which way is considered right by the IELTS examiners?

Many thanks! Lirone

It is common in modern English to omit the dot. So, it’s up to you if you want to use it or not.

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I have one query, If while writing letter or for that matter essay if i make some mistake and i strike the sentence and write it over, is it going to cost me any negative marking or bad impression? Looking forward to your response and thanks a lot for your help.

IT is completely fine to delete errors and change words. As long as the examiner can easily read your writing, it is fine.

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A small question. What if we forget to write Dear Sir / Madam at the start of the letter. Assuming all the other points are adequately covered and cohesion is maintained, how much band score can be expected if we miss the opening salutation?? Please suggest.

There is no such rule about how much it would impact your score. It falls under the criteria of task achievement and it would have an impact along with everything else that impacts that particular marking criterion.

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Thank you so much for your fantastic content. Really appreciate your intent to help the masses and saving their time and other resources. I have a question pertaining to the conclusion of GT task 1 letter seeking help or requesting something. Is it appropriate to thank the reader in advance for their help or suggestions?

Thanks in advance 🙂

There is no such thing as a conclusion in a letter. You have a final remark which is either based on the aims of the formal letter or a friendly farewell for a friend. Please see the model letters which are linked to the page above.

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Thanks a lot Liz for your response. However, you still haven’t answered his/her question which is, “Is it appropriate to thank the reader in advance…?”

Without seeing the letter aims and instructions, it is not possible to say. You can’t decide on a fixed sentence for such a range of possible tones, aims, styles and people. A request letter could be to anyone about anything. You need to write something that is based on the information presented to you in the test. A high band score is about being flexible, not deciding before hand which sentence you will write. If you are asking your teacher for a reference letter – you would not thank them for reading your request letter – that wouldn’t be normal. However, you might say “Looking forward to hearing back from you.” or “I appreciate your help and look forward to hearing back from you.” My advice is pay attention to the letter aims, the person you are writing to and the prompts – then think about what information and sentence to write.

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While practising my letters I have noticed that I do write the requirements from the question but I often while changing paragraphs simply start with the ask. Is it going to be a problem or my letters should be in sync with the last paragraph that I have written.

You are being marked on a logical order of information in both your letter and your essay. It is essential that the reader (examiner) can easily follow the order – no surprises. For the letter, you must follow the order of the bullet points given.

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Hello! Great fantastic website! Sorry if I am repeating myself on this, I may have skipped your opinion on this. When we write a letter and if it says introduce yourself, how do we end the letter? I assume in the first paragraph you introduce yourself. Wouldn’t it be repetitive to have your name two times in the letter writing task? Thanks!

All letters have your name at the end – regardless of the content of the letter. That is a fixed thing. When it comes to following instructions and the prompts ask you to introduce yourself, it is in the context of the letter. If it is a letter to a company to complain, then you introduce yourself as a customer – not as a chatty friend. You must look at the aims of the letter and keep all content appropriate.

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First of all thank you for all your efforts trying to help people for free! especially when you help people that you don’t know! When it comes to self study/training, listening and reading are quite easy to prepare on your own, but writing is not. I feel that I need my essays reviewed by experienced teacher and feedback provided. Liz, do you offer such lessons? would you be kind to respond by email or comment, program cost/content for Writing lessons only? All I need is my essays reviewed by you and feedback/marking given.

best regards, Mazdak

Sorry, I don’t offer marking or any private lessons.

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First tell me if I addressed you correctly with ‘Hello Liz’, considering we don’t know each other in person.

Secondly tell me if it is right to mention ones name in the introductory paragraph, example, ‘this is John from finance department and I am writing with regards to..’ or should one only mention name while signing off.

Will be thankful for your help.

Regards, Ghulam

1. Yes, it’s fine 🙂 2. No, you shouldn’t. Your name is at the bottom of the letter. Take a look at the model letters linked in the page above – they are written exactly as they should be in the test.

One of your model letters start with”my name is John Davidson and I am one of your frequent customers”

What’s the rule for mentioning your name in the introductory paragraph?

If the instructions clearly state – introduce yourself – then you know it is time to introduce yourself in the letter. Just follow instructions.

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With reference to writing a letter to former teacher, please clarify whether it is appropriate to ask “Hope you are doing well” as you know the teacher for a very long time. I have this doubt as the letter would be in formal style. Thank you in advance for helping me out.

You rock as always.

Take Care, Aditi Dhilip

I would not use it. You do not have a close or personal relationship with your teacher. A former teacher does not mean you have known the person for years. It means you new the person many years ago and probably haven’t been in touch for many years. You need to keep a formal style.

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Thank you so much Mrs Liz

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I gave the exam last weekend and I feel I didn’t do well. My letter topic was: You lost your driver license and someone returned it to you Write a letter to thank. Tell him/her why its important for you. Say what you want to do for them in return.

Now to answer this semi-formal letter, I got confused as to how to address this person. I would probably know their name but neither gender nor age. Should I have said Dear Sir/Madam? I just wrote Dear Mr. John…

Can you please suggest?

Thanks, Tim

IELTS usually tell you if you need to start “Dear Sir/Madam”. You know the name of this person because they returned your license to you. So, you would address them as “Dear My Jones”. You would never write “Dear My John” because the name John is a first name and we do not use titles with only a first name. Age is not a factor in addressing someone in the English language. That is a factor influencing other cultures.

They just mentioned that to start as Dear.. so I wrote dear Mr. John.. Did I do it wrongly. My friend wrote as Dear Sir or Madam. How wrong do you think his approach was?

Thanks again Liz.

It is wrong to write “Dear Sir” because you already know the name of the person. It is also wrong to write “Dear Mr John” because John is a first name and we only use the title “Mr” if we state the last name.

First of all I want to thank you for your service. Sometime back I asked you on how to start a letter on which its not clear what the purpose is. Thankfully, you helped. On the same note, I can’t figure out how to end it..

Example Letter: Write a letter to a newspaper regarding condition of a local building which is of great importance. Why is this building important, what is wrong with it and what action do you suggest.

Firstly, its not clear what a newspaper is supposed to do. As you said we can write: “I am writing to you concerning the poor condition of …..”

However, at the end I am confused what to write. Do I say that “Please take necessary action and I look forward to your reply”. But this doesn’t seem right…

Or, is it ok to say “I look forward to my letter being published in your newspaper.” And just end it here. But that doesn’t look like a good reason to write a letter.

What do you suggest Liz?

It is possible to start in the way you have suggested or you could try “I am writing to bring to your attention…” – both options are fine. The ending for a formal letter really depends on what you want or what you expect to happen – and the feelings involved (the tone). It is the expected outcome that you are concluding. If you are merely reporting something, you might say “I hope you will take this into consideration etc”., if you want a response, you would say “I hope to hear back from you etc” or you are complaining the tone will be stronger “I hope to receive a positive response from you etc” or “I hope this matter will be resolved at the earliest possible time etc”. You are writing to an editor because you want the newspaper to pay attention to this issue. That is the reason and your opening line. Your final goal is to have your letter printed or have the newspaper bring this issue into the public eye. So, it is fine to say “I would be grateful if you could publish this letter and bring the issue to light.”. Remember, the editor is not responsible for this problem and if he or she publishes the letter, you would be grateful, so it is fine to use those words in this situation. I hope this helps 🙂

You are amazing!

God bless you…..

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Thanks for all your help.

I notice my major problem in writing is spelling mistake. However, the reason for this error is mostly because of time as I am in a rush to finish Please can you recommend a strategy that may help because its affecting my listening as well

Spelling is something that you can fix during your proof reading time after you finish your essay. You should always train to leave time for proof reading. Spelling should not be such a problem for listening because you have time to check your spelling after the recording has finished.

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Thank you very much for your helpful tips. They are very systematic and informative. I learn a lot from your articles.

Just one question to ask, when I plan the paragraphs and try to address the three points, should I always follow the given order of the three points? Or it just doesn’t matter at all. Thank you, Liz.

It’s a good question. You are being marked on logical order. You have been given the order of information and you should stick to it.

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Hi Liz, Please, I would like to know if it’s ideal to leave a line between Paragraphs. Thanks

Yes, it makes the paragraphs easier to see for the examiner. But this is a recommendation, not a rule.

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Please regarding the signing off, my teacher told me back then to put a comma after my surname before my first name.. E. G Yours Faithfully Diamond, Benson

Is it advisable to use a comma before the first name?

You write your first name first and your family name second – there is no comma between them.

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Can we sign off letter by writing ‘Sincerely’ only instead of “Yours sincerely”? Would that be acceptable?

Awaiting your response.

No. You need both words.

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Hi Liz, Thank you so much for the detailed information. I have a query about using the answer sheet for GT task 1. My teacher told me that we should write from the very first line until the very last line but I can’t understand how because I have written 165 words and still the 2nd page is half empty. Please suggest. is it OK to leave some lines empty if you have finished your letter?

That is complete nonsense. There is no such rule in IELTS at all. Your instructions are to write over 150 words. The requirements for a high band score is that you extend information sufficiently for your letter which means aiming for between 170 and 190 words. Going over 200 words is not recommended. If you need another answer sheet, you can put your hand up and request one.

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if i find a spelling is incorrect in the last 2 mins of check, then can i strike off and write the correct spelling ? or should i correct the spelling in the same word itself ? Thanks, Hari

Yes, you can correct spelling. It’s up to you how you do it – as long as the word is easy to read, that is all that matters.

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Hi Liz, In case of letter of instruction for this example: you forgot your wallet at friends house after returning from vacation with them and asking to return the wallet. Should we give an address telling them where to return it? or we assume it’s your friend he/she would know your address?

Thank you, Nishtha

Your friend would know your address. Your instructions would be to return it via post and you would refund the postage. Or you will meet up with them tomorrow and pick it up in person. Well done thinking about this point – you are certainly right in considering these things. Always think more about the letter and the relationship between people.

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Hi Liz, Pls can you tell me if an underlined letter subject can be used in ielts task 1 formal letters, immediately, after the greeting “Dear Sir”? Pls see an example below. Also, can a signature be scribbled between Yours faithfully, and the writer’s name (John Bolt), for instance?

Request for Additional Leave Days (Subject Underlined)

I am writing to seek the elongation of my official leave period from 26 to 31 days. Etc…………….

After the title in a formal letter, you must write the opening statement which is a full sentence that is a statement of purpose. Don’t write anything else as you have suggested above – not for IELTS.

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How about scribbling your signature in between Yours faithfully and your name? Is it right?

Not for IELTS. You definitely shouldn’t put a signature.

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Thanks a lot for this question. I have been practicing like… Thanks Liz

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thats really wonderful information A big thank to u ms liz

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Hi Liz, This might be a bit of a silly question but i’ll ask anyway; Is the spelling in the IELTS based on English (UK) or English (US)? i.e ending words in “our” rather than “or” and using “ise” rather than “ize”.

Great job with the tips by the way!

You can choose to use either US or UK spelling – don’t mix them.

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Hi Liz, Thank you for all the valuable information. I’ve recently taken some tests in which I had to write letters. Some were quite similar to IELTS. However, I was advised not to sign my real name at the end of it, when closing. Instead, I was supposed to write a fictional name so as to prevent fraud in correction. So, can I sign my real name at the end of the IELTS letter? Thank you so much for answering.

Of course you can. Your name is at the top of the paper anyway. However, I mostly advise people to invent names – because the whole letter is fictional, not because of fraud or anything else. At the end of the day, it is 100% your choice and doesn’t affect your score or your personal security. you know you only write your name – you don’t actually put a signature!!

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Hi Liz, Please accept my sincere thanks for your support for providing us the most eminent and paramount information with regards to IELTS. I have a one concern about the sentence ” Hope this letter find you in pink of your health”. it this is fine to use in informal letter as opening. Thank you Venuka

It is an overused idiom – don’t use it. It doesn’t show a good level of English. It shows someone with weak English who is trying to impress. It is almost never used in England anymore. Avoid using idioms and stick to other idiomatic language such as phrasal verbs.

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Hello Liz, I would be grateful if you could explain me if using French words like “raison d’etre”, “faux pas”, carte blanche etc. are seen as formal words

They are neither formal nor informal. They are used only in specific situations and I would not recommend using them for IELTS writing.

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Dear liz, am very grateful for all the wonderful works you have been doing and foe that i say thank you. Please i want to no if you will be penalized if you don’t use contractions in personal letters.

It is not about being penalised. It is about getting a good score. You should use contractions in an informal letter – it shows appropriate use of grammar.

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Hi Liz. Thanks a lot for making us available with so much of resources to excel in IELTS exam. I have certain queries on model answers which you have written on certain parts of the paragraphs. I have enlisted my queries below; please help me on the same:

a) Signing off: “I look forward to hearing form you”. Can i replace “hearing” with “hear” i.e. “I look forward to hear from you”

b) Vocabulary : “I highly recommend if you come in August = it’d be great if you came in August.” I believe that “came” should be replaced with “come” i.e. “it’d be great if you come in August” Please help me if i am missing some concepts in interpreting this.

a) No, that is not possible. b) I did not write “I highly recommend if you come in August”. I wrote “I highly recommend that you come in August = it’d be great if you came in August”. One sentence uses a clause “that” and one uses “if”. These are two completely different types of grammar. They are correct as I have written them. You cannot alter the tense of the verb “come” in the first “that” clause. From your questions, it appears your English is not strong enough to be flexible. This means you need to be very careful in your writing because the more errors you make, the lower your score.

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Hi Liz, Thank you for sharing these useful informations. I am confused about something; At the end of GT task 1 question, it is written ‘Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir or Madam,’. Do I have to write ‘Dear Sir or Madam’ again or start to write letter directly? Thanks Cagri

The instructions tell you how to start your letter. That means you start your letter with the words they have given you.

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What a great place to learn the IELTS. Can you please tell me if it is wrong to use “Hope this letter finds you well” at the salutation for the formal letter?

If you are writing to the manager to a hotel who you have never met, it would be completely inappropriate to start that way. You always start with an opening line that expresses in formal terms what the letter aim is.

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I had a quick question please – for semi-formal letters (such as a letter to a friend about a problem or something related to work), I understand we should be using contractions, like: I’m, you’ve, and others. However, the tone of the letter needs to be appropriate.

Could you please confirm. Thanks.

That’s correct.

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dear liz, i am studying for the exam from New Insight Into IELTS by Cambridge and according to one of the model answers written, a letter to a school teacher asking them for a recommendation letter is a semi- formal type. please tell if it’s correct?

Teachers have different ways to categorise letters. I personally would not categorise this letter as semi-formal. For me, it would be formal. It is not to a personal friend, it is to a teacher about a formal subject.

In the above tips you have mentioned that if we are to write to a person we know about a serious situation , it is a semi-formal letter. so, here, if the question says ” write a letter to a teacher you know for a recommendation letter.”, isn’t it a semi-formal letter?

I’ve up-dated the tips to provide you with more information. Please read the page again:

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Hi Liz, Your site seem to be a hotspot for IELTS learning, and I have a lot from the tips you provide. I’ve a question regarding the alignment we must follow in the letter. In few places I have learnt that the letter can either have a left hand alignment format. It means the “Title”, the “Salutation”, the paragraph alignment, the “Signoff” and the “Name”. So, my question is, will it be right if while writing a letter, as , “Title” of the letter in middle and rest of the letter as left aligned. Please confirm the alignment pattern for both, formal as well as informal letter. Thanks. Divya.

This is an English language test, not a real letter. Just write your letter the same as my model letters. You do not worry about alignment in IELTS tests. Don’t over think this. It is a simple English language test.

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Hello Miss Liz Thanks for your lessons, these are very beneficial I just have a question that how i can enter the contact details in the letter. As it says in question prompt: A friend has agreed to look after your house and pet while you are on holiday write a letter to your friend.In your letter -give contact details for when you are away -give instructions about how to care for your pet -describe other household duties

It means to explain where you will be and how you can be contacted. You need to think logically about this. It isn’t a trick question. If someone looks after your house and pets when you are on holiday, will you give them your phone number to call you about problems? Think logically about IELTS letters.

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I was reading through your reply and I have a doubt. If a friend is staying over at my place taking care of my pet, then he would anyway have my number. So would the following sentence look good on the letter?

Thanks for agreeing to stay with Puffy and take care of him while I’m away. While I’m gone, if there are any issues and you need to contact me, just give me a call to my mobile. Just make sure to adjust the time difference as I’ll be 3 hours ahead of your time.

See you soon, Nico

Yes, it’s fine. Although be careful with your prepositions – give me a call on my mobile. Puffy is a strange name – what type of animal is it 🙂

I was using my dog’s name here. Puffy is my dog 🙂 and I’ve actually had friends take care of him while I was on a vacation. I was thinking of using this directly.

I’ve been going through each one of your videos and all the comments and replies you’ve given to them. They’re really helpful and I’m thankful to you.

I intend to write my GT in December and I’m going to cover all the topics from your blog only.

I wish you lots of luck and give Puffy a hug from me 🙂

Thanks a lot Liz. It’s 1:30am and he’s asleep. I’ll pass your hug on to him in the morning. 🙂

Now that you’re online, I just had another doubt that I’ve been avoiding asking since you’ve made it clear on many of your replies to comments, but since I found a few contradicting statements in comments section, I just want to be double sure

Yours faithfully Joe This sign off is for formal

Yours sincerely Joe This sign off is for semi formal

Love Joe This sign off is for informal

I’m only going to stick with these to avoid confusion. Is this okay or is there any change required in any of these?

Both “Yours faithfully” and “Your sincerely” can be used for formal letters. You need to know both because it depends on what the title of the letter is “who it’s addressed to”. If it is addressed “Dear Sir”, you must use “Your faithfully”, but if it’s addressed to someone’s name “Dear Mr Brown”, it must be “Your sincerely”. Both of them are formal. So don’t divide them in any other way. You would not write “Love” as a sign off for a friend – it would normally be “Take care” or “see you soon” – you need to adapt it to the letter aims. If you are aiming for the higher band scores, you need more flexibility in your approach and in your use of language. You need to think more about the person and the aims. Don’t give yourself such fixed black and white rules in terms of language and task achievement (including tone and style).

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It is almost one month I am going to write to you and advise you why I haven’t returned the sunglasses I have borrowed from you.

To be honest, the sunglasses were damaged during my trip when I was coming back to my home and I am so sorry about that. I know that sunglasses were so important to you as it was presented to you by your wife.

When I was coming back to my home, I decided to ride a motorbike in order to reach my home sooner. On my way, unfortunately, I had an accident and collided with a car stopped in front of me suddenly. So the sunglasses were dropped over the ground and one of its glasses broke immediately.

At first, I was feeling guilty and didn’t know how to inform you about this and how I can solve the problem. I research so much and found that there is a store near our city who can repair that sunglasses. So I sent it away to be fixed soon and when I’ve taken it back, I will send it to you as soon as possible.

Again, I am so sorry and hope that you forgive me because of this problem.

Yours sincerely, Hamed

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Liz,am so grateful.Just want to thank you and also let you know you are doing a great job.I got overall band of 7.5 after I visited your site.

Excellent – well done 🙂 Thanks for letting me know 🙂

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Hi Liz, I and my wife are preparing for the IELTS and find your lessons effective and simple. I have a question and need your help – In Writing Task 1 :Formal letter After Salutation, “Can I write “Greetings of the day / season as I begin my letter? Best Regards Nirav

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Liz thanks a lot for quality tips on battling IELTS. My question is about the order of bulleted points. Is it ok to reorder them in the essay? Some of my IELTS practice test examiners did mark points off for that. But I’ve heard people say that it shouldn’t affect the overall grade

You are being marked on your logical order of information. I suggest you review marking criteria – very important to understand.

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I would like to know for ielts is it a good habbit to write a letter “subject” or not for the letter writing.

Best Regards, Ven

Do you mean a title? You do not need a title. If you mean a reference point – you don’t need to do that. Just write your letters as you see my model letters.

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Hello Liz, Do we need to include a sending address while writing any of the letters?

No. See my model letters for the content and format.

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One question in my mind is that if there no name is given in letter? then, we have to assume the names from our own? in Informal or semi-formal?

You should invent a name. You don’t need to use your own.

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Thanks for this wonderful website. It helped me alot. I just wanted to ask that how to improve idea generation for task 2 GT because i am facing issues in getting the ideas for writing and its time consuming. Please suggest how to get it fast.

Thanks Prince Sindhi

If you want ideas for topics, you need to do the work. Look at the list of topics and then start researching ideas online. Here is a link of topics and questions:

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CAN WE Write dates in formal letter Task1 Gt. Like dat

Yours faithfully. 24th July 2018 Shubham

You do not need to date your letter for IELTS.

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Hi Liz, There was a recent exam question asking to write a letter to a person who has returned your lost driving licence. Should we write a formal or semi-formal letter for this? Also is it appropriate to address the person as “Dear Sir/Madam”.

Thanks, Dil

1. do you know this person as a close friend? 2. do you know private intimate details of this persons life? 3. do you think this person put their name on the return of your driving license? 4. would you put your name at the bottom of a letter when you return a valuable item to someone? Try to use your common sense when approaching IELTS letters. You need to understanding and think about your relationship with the person. Now you tell me – is it informal? Do you know the person’s name?

Thank you for the quick reply Liz. Yes, now I understand the letter should be formal, since I don’t know the person well. I don’t know the person’s name, usually these are annonymously sent, so better to address using “Dear Sir or Madam”.

You can’t thank someone, unless you know their name. The letter is formal and will be addressed to Mr Brown. You know the name because Mr Brown gave you your driving license back. Usually when we return something, we say our name.

Thank you for the feedback Liz. Really appreciated.

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I write again. I have purchased your advanced lessons, and I hope that i can gain more than a 6.5 this time around. My total scores were 8,8,7.5 and 6.5 again. I have a question that pertains to salutation for GT task 1 letter. I had learnt previously that to end, it is useful to write; Yours sincerely, Name. or Best Wishes, Name. or Your faithfully, Name.


Now to my question, if you notice for “Best Wishes”, it is written in initial caps “B” and “W”. Please can you tell me if this is correct and why it is different from the others that are written in sentence cap? Now I am willing to unlearn whatever I had been used to previously.

Please respond to this, its urgent.

You should not be focusing on how to write one letter in your writing test. If you are failing to hit band 7, there are obviously serious reasons. 1) You must review the number of errors you make in vocabulary and grammar. Are you trying to impress the examiner – this is a mistake. Every poor choice will lower your score. 2) Review your techniques, your ability to address all issues, your understanding of common topics, your linking techniques etc – You can write Best Wishes in an informal letter if you wish. It’s an informal letter and we often write than way.

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Hi Liz, Thank you so much for your helpful techniques. I improved my IELTS writing too through your materials on your website. You are the best instructor!

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Hi liz, Thank you so much for your fabulous guidance of ielts in every four categories. my last ielts exam question was as follows. Q. You are working in foreign country and suddenly you are leaving your job and going back to your home country due to any emergency. Write an appology letter to your friends at office because you are leaving without meeting them. You should start your letter like this. Dear _______ My question is, in this scenerio i should address one friend name at the office and tell her to convey my message to everyone at the office Or i should address all the friends togther like this..Dear Friends

If it tells you to write to friends, then your letter is addressed to friends – Dear John and Jane,

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I want to clear some doubts related with writing skill.

Please advise, can I start sentence from “As, Since, Hence..etc..”

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Hi Liz, I saw a sentence you wrote in your explanation about writing.

“It is essential that you follow use the three points to structure your letter and provide the foundation for the information”.

In the sentence above, you use “follow” and “use” together. Could you explain what kind of structure is that?

Thank you kindly, Htet

Thanks for spotting the typo 🙂

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Hii liz Thanks for your valuable study material

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your content is really helpful. More power to you!

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Hi Liz, Can we write a saying or idioms in formal letters?

Thanks Guru

Saying and idioms are mostly informal.

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Dear Liz, You mentioned that we won’t get more than a 6 if spelling is frequently wrong. I do have a serious issue with spelling since a long time. even the tutors get shocked when they go through my writing because they say the grammar is excellent and I use a quite good range to vocabulary, but my spelling is extremely bad (the word is understood though). So what can I do to improve my spelling? I actually wonder if there is an option to inform the IELTS committee about special cases? I don’t know what to do really as I need to get band 7 in writing.

I said that you won’t get more than 6 in the criterion of vocabulary if your spelling contains frequent errors. This is not the same as getting no more than 6 in your whole writing task 1 or task 2. The criterion of vocabulary counts for only 25% of your total mark. But it’s still essential to improve your spelling. You can do this on spelling websites, from writing words lists, memorising spelling etc etc. Go online and google spelling practice online. If you are dyslexic, it will be possible to submit a medical certificate. But if the problem is just poor spelling – then you will need to work hard to improve it.

Thank you Liz for your feedback, really appreciated

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Hi Liz, Thanks for your wonderful lesson.I just want to clarify my doubt such as if we have to write a letter to leave any courses in middle so does it falls under formal? So for formal we have to use dear sir/ madam, but actually we know our tutor name so can I use his/ her name at first? Please give me your valuable inputs.

Thanks in Advance, Amit jaiswal

You use “Sir/ Madam” or you use their name “Mr Jones” or “Mr John Jones” – all are possible for a formal letter. You only use “Sir” if you do not know the person’s name you are writing to.

Appreciated your time, Thanks .

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How should I address the below Task 1 question – GT:

Q: A builder did some repairs in your house recently and you are unhappy with their work. Write a letter to your builder.

Is it should be Dear Sir, (Formal Letter) or Is it should be Dear Mr. John (Semi Formal)

Please assist.

If you have employed the builders, then you usually know his name. You use “sir” when you don’t know someone’s name.

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I have 2 queries related to Writing exam: 1. Should we use pen or pencil? What do you suggest? 2.Is cutting allowed in paper if we are using pen? Would there be penalty?

See this page:

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Hi Liz, What type of letters are expected in GT? I mean, Formal or Semi-formal or Casual? Thanks in advance. Raveender

This is explained in the page above.

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Dear liz, Is it a good idea to memorize vocabulary words related to the essay writing topics?As you always say.. Don’t memorize phrases.. so what is the best strategy to prepare for essays?Reading more & more articles? What do you suggest?

Learning words is fine. Avoid memorising phrases or sentences. It is vital to learn words for different topics – they give you ideas and also the ability to express yourself. You can learn vocab on this page: , in model essays and also by googling topics online.

Thank you so much! I used to learn phrases but now i won’t!

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Dear Liz, Can you reply to my question as well as my test dates are very near and I need urgent help.

I am on holiday until May as I have informed everyone.

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I need help in my secondary school letter writing. Does anyone have any tips.

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Thanks for the wonderful website and useful tips. I want to get your writing Task 2 tips. advanced. As I saw, there are several videos on the page. Do all videos have separate costs or it is enough to buy one and then you have access to all?

Cheers, Babak

My free lessons are here: and my advanced lessons are bought separately here: . Pricing is given under each lesson.

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Thanks a lot for your amazing videos and blog. I have just completed my ielts exam and in the writing task 1 I was supposed to write a letter to a friend about my college, in my letter I didn’t write any names, so I started my letter with “Dear………,” and I ended it with “Yours” without putting my name.

Would I be penalized for this and lose marks?

Thanks a lot

You need to write a name at the start and the finish. It will affect your score, but it’s only one small mistake.

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Hi Liz Hope you are doing well. Thank you so much for this wonderful site. Do you provide writing task correction service? If yes, how much it would be?

I only provide advanced writing task 2 lessons:

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Hello Liz, Great work you are doing here and God bless the day I ran into your website!

To my enquiry: Is it proper to write in short form in my GT letter?

E.g, ‘It’d will great if I don’t have to submit…..” Will “It’d” and “don’t” be acceptable instead of “it would” and “do not”

As mentioned on the page above, contractions are used in informal writing only.

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Hi Liz! I found your lessons to be the best! You are so clear and organised to explain that it makes learning really easy and fun! THANK YOU! One simple question, are we asked to write in coursive or script? If we do so, how strict is this? My handwriting is very clear and tidy, but some letters might not look like script and I am curious if this can cause a problem for my score.

Many thanks again and keep helping us!

See this page:

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Could you please explain the scoring pattern of IELTS writing (General) exam?

Awaiting for your response. Lalbin

Marking for writing task 2 is the same for both GT and Academic students. In task 1, the only difference is Task Achievement – the other three marking criteria are the same as the academic test in task 1. So, this means there is only minimal difference in marking. For writing task 1, see this page: and for task 2, see this page:

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Hi dear Liz, In a letter writing can I integrate two bullet points and explain them in a single paragraph, does it degrade my score? I’m not sure whether we must focus on one single point in each paragraph or not. Such as what we do in essay writing. I would be grateful if you give me your advice. Thanks

The bullet points are written to use as a structure. Don’t mix them up.

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If I was asked to write a letter on behalf of my company. Should I need to add a little introduction about my company or atleast should I mentioned the name of the company? For example, I am writing this letter to book the conference center for a special training of our company or should I write the name of the company?

Thank you so much….!!!!! ☺☺

What do the instructions tell you to write?

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Hello Mam How r u…hope u r doing well Mam…can you please update videos on GT letters. As u said that u’ll post at the end of year. So we are waiting for ur videos. Thanks in advance

I hoped to have videos ready. But I’m still very unwell.

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I wish you to get well soon. Will pray for you teacher.

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Please Liz, be alright for us, we cant afford to have you sick, wishing you a speed recovery. Claudia

Thanks so much. I’m doing everything I can to get better – it’s just a long, difficult illness 🙂

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Trust you are well. Your expert advice is really useful for all. I merely wanted to know about letter writing in general training exam. If we forget to write “your fauthfully” or “regards” at the end of the letter, do we really lose marks? If yes how many?

Writing is not scored in that way. That mistake will affect your score for Task Achievement.

Many thanks for your prompt response..Does it have major impact on band scoring? Can you please elaborate Task achievement?

Task Achievement covers many aspects of writing: task fulfilment, style, tone, development of ideas etc. See this page:

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Good article. Small correction though,

“Explain which courses you’re interested in” 😉

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Hi, Liz I like to print your valuable comments. But I can’t do this. Please help me.

Sorry my website is protected from copying.

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hi madam.. i m little confused about official letters . in my school n college we wrote subject and name and designation so should i have to follow that or not … will you explain me . i seek to your blog for information regarding this. i didn’t find your video regarding letter writing of ilets. if it is available then plz share the link

,my doubt we should write our name at the end of letter ?? in official letter do we have to write Subject :– an application for a job

Please read the page above as it answers your questions. Also click on the links above as they will take you to model letters.

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Is letter to the principal of school is formal or semi formal?As principal is known but it is authority also. Thank you

An informal letter is to someone you have a CLOSE PERSONAL relationship with. Think about the word “personal” – do you really sit down with a principle and talk about your private life in detail? Do you talk about problems with your wife or husband? Think more about a personal relationship.

Can phrasal verbs be used in formal and semi-formal writing?

Thanks, Htet

Some phrasal verbs can and some phrasal verbs can’t.

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Hope you are doing well! what if I write an informal letter in a semi formal / formal style. Will the score be reduced?

The style of writing you use is marked.

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If I don’t know the spelling of a good word, it is better to go ahead with wrong spelling or repeat a word and loose marks for paraphrasing.

It is better to avoid mistakes so always repeat a word rather than produce more errors.

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Hello Liz, please does it mean that letter writing is just for general test,it cant be featured in academic test.Urgent reply Please.

Did you read all my information on this page:

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Hello Liz Resignation letter and application for leave letter are formal or semi formal?

For course it is formal. How can it be informal? It is to your boss, not to a close personal friend.

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Hi Dear Liz, I got fuzzy about the following Question. Is this a Discussion, Advantage / Disadvantage, or Opinion essay? Could you please clarify? Question: In many countries, the amount of crime is increasing. What do you think are the main causes of crime? How can we deal with those causes?

Thank you so much.

Regards Mohammad Imran Khan

It is a cause/solution essay.

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Is it essential to cover the three specified points in a sequential manner? Can I not Jumble them up? Although I do ensure that all points are covered I do not particularly maintain the sequence.Will it reduce my score?Also I recently read a tip stating that using cliches was not a good idea. I have been using them a lot lately and fail to understand how would it negatively influence my score? Please suggest.

Part of your score is on logical organisation of information – so mixing things up will lower your score. You need to understand more about what the examiners will mark you on. Each sentence you use in your writing test and speaking test must be uniquely yours as an example of your own English. So, using memorised phrases is not an example of your English and won’t count in an English language test such as IELTS.

Hi Liz, Is it grammatically correct if I use the following statement in a thank you note.

Thank you for being the wonderful host that you were during our stay at your place.

Thanks, Eveline

Thank you for your prompt response 🙂

I think secondary school letter writing is hard. I need. Some tip on how to do well.

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Thanks for all of this precious information and lessons I want to know how will be the tone for a semi-formal letter, shall we pretend it as an informal letter? Also, the ending shall it be Yours Sincerely or All the best The name at the end shall it be with family name or no. Appreciate your kind reply please

There are no fixed rules. It depends who you are writing to. Most informal letters are to someone you have a strong personal relationship with but on a serious matter, such as work. So, you will blend friendly language with serious language.

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Is it necessary to maintain the order of sub-questions while writing the letter?

Always be logical. Any illogical organisation will reduce your score.

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Dear Liz! Thanks for your great support regarding IELTS test. I have recently taken IELTS Academic and now want to take General in next month. I have some questions about GT-task2. (1) Can we use the same academic language, grammar and vocabulary for GT-Task2, as we use for Academic-Task2? (2) Can we use Idioms, phrasal verb and proverbs? (3) Is GT-task2 is similar to Academic-task2? thanks

There is no difference in technique or how you write your essay for writing task 2. GT and Academic task 2 are the same. However, GT essay questions are sometimes easier.

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Hi Liz I usually follow your videos. Thanks for helping so many people appearing for IELTS.

My exam is on 30th Sep. Last time I got band 6 in writing but I need minimum 7. Although I am working towards better structure and clear answer statement this time. Would request you to please help with some more crucial areas required to get band 7.

For writing task 2, you will need to purchase one or all of my advanced lessons: . They are not cheap but they are excellent.

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Hi Liz, Could you please go through the letter i just wrote, and let me know if it’s good or not.

You have purchased a ticket of music concert, but you can attend the event. Write a letter to your friend to offer him the ticket. In your letter: * Explain the details of the event * Why you cannot attend the concert * Suggest how you friend can get the ticket from you.

Hi Debra, It’s been so long since we were last in touch. I hope you’ve settled the exams already. I thought i’d invite you to the upcoming Fenty beauty concert in the UK, on 22nd of December.

Fenty Beauty concert will be held at the Manchester stadium at 10pm precisely, although, African time can be considered. It will include performances from various artists such as Lilwayne, Kendrick Lamar, Alicia keys (your favorite, I know) and a host of other artists.

Although, I’m disappointed I won’t be able to make it, as you know Rihanna is my favorite artist of all time. This is because i have got my IELTS on Saturday, the 23rd of December, at Birmingham. I immediately thought about you and how delighted you will be on getting such an invite.

I have thought of several ways you can receive the ticket. I can send it directly via mail to be delivered, or I give Penny Morgan, since she will be attending as well. Either way you will get it, so prepare to have a blast. Be prepared to gist me all, from A-Z.

Write back soon, Amin

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Which one do you recommend amongst these? -Attempting Tast 2 before Task 1; or -Attempting Task 1 before Task 2.

Sincerely, Satish

It is your choice completely. However, most people who start with task 2 get lost in their essay and then run out of time for task 1.

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In a semi formal letter, I started with dear sir/madam, do I lose marks?

IELTS will tell you have to start the letter in the instructions.

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Hy Liz, Now I am confused can we get a letter for wt1 ? I haven’t heard of this till now .

If you are taking the General Training IELTS test, you will get a letter in task 1. If you are taking the academic test, you won’t get a letter.

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Can we write the address, when it is not mentioned in the question as not to write addresses?

If the address is not asked for, don’t give it.

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Is there any space for rough work or planning points for writing so that I can make bullet points in rough and than elaborate in final writing task. Please advise

You can plan your writing on the question paper.

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Is there any possibility How to improve my spoken skill? Why did you not to improve my spoken?

See this page:

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Can we complete the essay itself on question paper and then just copy-paste it on the answer sheet? thanks

Your writing test is done by hand, not on a computer.

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Hi Liz Should we write date in the end of the forml letters??

There are no dates given in an IELTS letter.

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Hi Liz, I have question regarding a letter given under “Sample Letters for Writing Task 1”.

Does this letter “Asking for a Letter of Reference” is formal or semi-formal? I believe this letter is formal because it is related to serious issue and we don’t know the teacher personally.

It is formal – it is about work.

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Should we write Yours faithfuly OR Your faithfully in ending remarks.

The article above shows how to write it – please read it again.

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which one of the following is correct in context of writing titles? 1. Mr. 2. Mr

It is your choice – both are right. However, nowadays we don’t usually use dots after titles.

Okay. Thanx a lot liz for your prompt reply.

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I have been following your website, I am really thankful to you, I want to ask 1 thing, You said letter should be started from Dear Sir, then where should we write address and date?similarly should we use fake names or our real name?

You don’t need to use date or address for an IELTS letter. You can use your name or a fake name to sign off.

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I’m a frequent reader of your blog. Using only your blog for about two weeks, I scored 7.5 in academic. Now I’m preparing for general and have high hopes. I would kindly ask you to please make some videos on letter writing. Although the text material on this page is very explanatory itself, it would be nice to have some videos too. Your blog is always my first recommendation to anyone preparing for IELTS. Surprisingly, teachers in British Council in Riyadh, KSA also recommend their students to follow your blog.

You are doing marvelous job in helping hundreds of students. Keep it up.

Thanks for your message. The reason I haven’t made any new videos for over one year is actually due to health problems. I hope to get back to making them next year – fingers crossed!! I certainly have some GT letter writing videos on my list 🙂

I wish you the best of health dear.

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The letter to write the owner of your flat or house about some problems you are facing is FORMAL or INFORMAL?

Do we need to write Dear Sir or Dear Mr. Smith?

Please make it clear.

This is a formal letter to your landlord. Usually you know his name.

Thank you for quick reply. So it means I can start writing by Dear Mr. John ( I. E his first name?

In English, it is 100% wrong to use a title with a first name. All titles are used with family names.

Got it. 👍. Thank you mam.

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but in staring you said that formal letter is to someone you don’t know

To someone to you don’t have a personal relationship with. It might be your boss or your landlord – you don’t know these people closely.

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Hi Liz, Thanks for your valuable inputs. I have a small query, can I start my letter by writing “Greetings” irrespective of kind of letter

No, you shouldn’t start an IELTS letter that way.

Thanks for the prompt response . My exam is on 8th July. Please give me some tips for writing GT and speaking

All writing task 2 tips on my website are for both GT and Academic tests. See this page for speaking:

thanks a tonne!! You are a great help.

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Wonderful tips Liz.. I was much confused about the writing part. These tips are really helpful.

I do have a question, Is it alright to use x or abc/xyz instead of names in the letter?

Write a name.

Thank you Liz

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Thanks for your tips and they are very helpful, but I need a clarification on this.

In writing my letter, do I need to write my address and the title of the letter before going into the body of the letter?

No. You do not write an address at the start of the letter.

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If i not use contractions in mix or informal letters, there would be any impact on my score.

I mean, it is mandatory to use contractions or not?

Contractions are a normal part of informal writing – you should use them in an informal letter.

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you are incredible your tips is very useful thank you..

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So this is about the closing of letters. You have suggested to use titles with the names in the closing of letters, but when I was practicing with the sample books which I have received from IELTS (after my registration for IELTS), I am seeing that they didn’t used titles for closing names and on many of the sites not titles are being used.

Can you please help why are you suggesting to use titles in the closing part of the letters.

It depends on the type of letter. Formal letters usually use a title. Informal letters do not. There is no one rule. It is about learning the aim and style of the letter.

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Do you have any video class for IELTS General Training Writing Task 1?

Not yet. I hope to get back to work this year and will think about more GT lessons. In fact, there’s a GT post going up today on this blog about writing opening lines 🙂

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Hi Liz , thank you very much for your tips on writing. Could you please help with templates which can be used for writing task 1 and 2.More like a general template which can be reused with minimal changes.

You can’t cheat the IELTS exam by learning templates. You need to adapt your essay structure to the question and to the ideas you have. Visit the main writing task 2 page to learn more. Or consider one of my advanced lessons:

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Informal letter, ex. Get back to me as sonpon as possible, is it possible to use ASAP? Or need to avoid it?

Thank you so much

We use this for writing letters. But IELTS is a language test so don’t use it. If you want someone to respond quickly then write a sentence to showcase your English language.

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Will it greatly affect the band score if you write an informal letter instead of a semi or formal letter?

It will affect your score for Task Achievement which is 25% of your task 1 marks.

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hi Liz, Thanks for your continues support.

During my last exam, in the writing part 1, accidentally i wrote my full name at the end of the informal letter. Will I be penalize for this?

It’s fine to do that. You can put any name at the bottom.

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Hi Liz, I am preparing for my GT writing task 1. I was wondering whether I have to concentrate only on letter writing or I have to practice graph interpretation as well?

See this page:

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Hi Liz, In Task 1 letter, the instructions said that I don’t have to write addresses, but I noticed this instruction after I actually did write addresses in my letter and it was too late to remove. Will I lose marks for this?

You will be marked down a little for failing to complete part of the task but you can still do well in other areas.

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Hi liz , first we want to thank you for your effort and your wonderful method to spirit your ideas .secondly,we wander if you can explain all letter types in video like you usually do?thank you in advanced

I hope at the end of this year to make more videos. GT lessons are on my list 🙂

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Hey, Liz! May you post the answers of these letters too.

You can find all my model letters on the main writing task 1 page.

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I came across a question in WT1 and I am unable to decide if it is semi-formal or informal. Please help.

You are going to another country to study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for some help.

Write a letter to this friend. In your letter

1. Give details of your study plans 2. Explain why you want to get a part-time job. 3. Suggest how your friend could help you find a job.

In my opinion, it should semi-formal.

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This is a semi formal letter, this is because you are writing a friend. The school part and getting a job is the formal part of the letter

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I reckon it an informal letter, you’re not writing to the company or the school directly.It states…to this friend.

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I suggest it is a semi formal letter because although you are writing to a friend, it about a serious issue you are looking to resolve . . .Thanks

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I’d say it’s an informal letter because you are asking help from your friend even if the subject is formal.

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You and your blog are fabulous. Me and my wife are preparing taking help from your videos. I want to ask one question, in GT Writing Task 1 if my writing is bigger and I didnt conclude my letter on 2nd page then can we use the third page where Task 2 is done??? or we have to ask for another sheet after 2nd page? If, we can continue on 3rd page then we have to start the Task 2 from 4th Page?

This is a good question. I would recommend that you ask your IELTS test center a few days before your test and then confirm with them again on the day of your test. They will provide extra paper but I don’t know if that applies to just task 2 or both.

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do we get letter writing in an academic version of the IELTS test ?

No. Only for GT writing. See this page: and then check this page: . After that, see the main writing task 1 page:

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Dear Liz, I have taken IELTS 3 times now. Each time my aggregate has been 8.5 but my writing score has been 7, 7.5 and 7.5. I am not able to identify where am I losing marks and how to correct it. I really need 8.0 in writing. How should I go about preparing for my next attempt?

For writing task 1, review this page: and then check all tips on the main task 1 page: . For writing task 2, I suggest you purchase at least one of my advanced lessons – you will soon know which mistakes you are making in your essay which is lowering your score: . However, there is something else to mention. It is possible that your level of English is around band 7.5 which means you might not hit all the requirements for band 8 English. In this case, you would need to ensure you make your English more accurate and avoid errors at all costs. This also includes using words which don’t quite suit the context – any inappropriate word choice will lower your score – so don’t take chances.

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If we have to suggest/advice someone in a letter, which of the following is the best statement to use? 1. I hope you found my letter valuable… 2. I hope you’ve found my letter valuable… 3. I hope you find my letter valuable…

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Dear Madam, I have been joining IELTS class for 1 month. But I have faced lots of problem in letter & essay writing. In my understanding I studied in my local language(Gujarati) that’s why I am facing problem in writing. Kindly give advice to me. Thanks,

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how important is letter for ielts exam

It is about 33% of your marks for the General Training writing test. Students taking Academic IELTS do not write letters.

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In one of the sample informal letters that i went through i found that it was started with Hi name and ended with a name only. Is it ok if we write yours lovingly and then name?

We only write “Your lovingly” to someone you love deeply. It is not suitable to friends. For IELTS letters, just end with “Take care” or “Write back soon”. This is a language test so try to avoid mistakes.

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I’m taking the ielts again this week and while reading your instructions about the task 1 of the writing section, I have a few questions: If i am writing an informal letter, to a friend, am i supposed to use an informal language? Will my band score go lower if I am using a more academic / formal language in writing an informal letter? Let’s say: If i write: ‘I would like to invite you for dinner at my new house’, instead of ‘why don’t you come over for dinner next friday?’

Thanks for clearing this for me

If you use formal language in an informal letter, you will lose marks. Writing “I would like to invite you …” is formal. Avoid this in an informal letter in IELTS. Your task is to show the examiner that you know the difference between formal and informal styles.

sorry again but i have another question? Do i have to use contractions in an informal letter? and will my score go lower if i DON’T use contractions for an informal letter? Thanks for your help Liz.

Yes, you should use contractions in an informal letters because that is the right style to use. Avoiding them will not help.

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Hi liz, you said before that is the question says, Start with Dear …….. , this means that i should invest a name however in other sites I see them saying Dear Sir/ Madam I am very confused .

This page shows that you start Dear Sir/ Madam when you don’t know who you are writing to and you start Dear …. (a name) when you know the person. The difference is between formal and informal letters.

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In order to write a letter to your boss regarding anything. Shall we consider this as a semiformal letter (since we know him/her well)? or consider as a formal letter? Becuase in both cases salutation and signing off will be different.Please reply asap.

If it is work related, then it is usually formal.

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Hi Liz , Greetings to you from the little nation of Vanuatu , in the south Pacific.

Last week I have Just made up my mind to sit this very important IELTS exam , and targeting the General Training exam.

This is fourth day revision, and I have chosen to use your videos and other resources for my exam preparation. Excellent tips & advice you have provided for us students and they really give me courage & confidence to sit the IELTS Examination this Thursday 3rd November 2016.

May our Lord will reward you great blessings. Thank you very Much. Nono

Good luck!! The GT exam is easier than the academic exam but your listening and speaking will still be the same 🙂

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Hi Liz, Could you please tell me writing a letter to the owner of an apartment for requesting the same apartment for rent in this vacation and ask from him/her to do some repairs that have been noticed in last year would be semi-formal or formal letter?

This is definitely a formal letter.

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Hi Liz, why can’t we write it as semi formal as we know the owner already.

Just because you have rented an apartment from him, doesn’t mean you know him personally. Renting is done under a formal contract. If you have met the landlord many times and know him well, it can be semi-formal but the instructions do not indicate that.

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Hi Liz, Thank you so much for your wonderful website which is really helpful not only for me but also, I believe, for all the IELTS test takers.

I would be grateful if you could explain the difference between Madam and Madame, and which one is the best for formal letter.

Another thing I would like to know that is the below sentence correct which you mentioned in tips no.7? It’d be great if you came in August.

I think there is a typing mistake and correct sentence should be- It’d be great if you come in August.

Thanks// Nazrul

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Thank you for your terrific tips! I’m taking the GT in few weeks and I have a question about the greeting for a familiar letter. For the IELTS standards, would be considered wrong to write “Hi John…” for a friend instead of “Dear John…”? or “Hello + name” for a semi-formal situation, as to write to your building manager? I rarely use “Dear” unless is a very formal situation, for instance, a complaint letter to the local council. I was told Dear it’s a bit old-fashioned these days.

We use “Dear” for formal letters and “Hi” for informal letters.

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Hello Liz I need to ask you one thing that, should we use title with own name.. when signing off a letter.

Dear Sir ——————– Yours faithfully Mr. Vishav

I have listen somewhere in my working life that we can’t give title with own name when writing to someone else.

what do you say ?

If you want to use a title, also add your first name, for example Mr Singh Vishav. And only do this with formal letters.

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Hi liz Today was my general module paper in jalandhar ,india Writing task one was You have purchased a ticket of music concert but you cant attend the event.write a letter to your friend to offer him the ticket. 1.explain the details of event 2.why you can not attend the music concert 3.suggest your friend that how he can get the ticket from you. Writing task 2 In some part of globe,amount of garbage is increasing a problem.what are the causes of it,what is the solution of it.give relevant example for this problem. Reading topic Section one Advertisement on club membership Section two Topic on cover letter Fill up Section three Australian mines Only four true false/notgiven questiones.mostly Listening test Today’s listening was fast. 7 question were reated map. Multiple choise question. Last section was easy

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Nice blog. Thanks Liz, you rock!!!

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Hi Liz. Thanks a lot for the tips. They’ve been most informative for me. Very useful indeed.

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In part 4. Letters Openings, section B, I think that there is a typo. (

You have written “It’s mt birthday” but I think that you actually wanted to write “It’s my birthday”. (Otherwise, correct me if I am wrong 🙂 )

By the way, great website!

Very well spotted indeed!! Thanks so much for letting me know 🙂

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Thanks for your blog. It was helped me a lot. But I still have one question. It will be glad if you can answer. For the begining, I didnt know much about the IELTS test so I came into a class and the teacher taught me about IELTS for academic test. But after I took advice from my friend, he said I should test in Gerenal Training. So, where do I begin? Should I find another class or practice by myself?

Once again. Thanks for your blog.

Firstly, you need to decide which test you actually need to take: . Once you have decided, you need to learn the differences. The GT test is only different with regards to reading and writing task 1. See this page to learn how the reading is different: . You’ll find the only difference is in the topics for the reading passages and the difficulty of the passages. This means you can learn along side AC students. For writing, see this page for the differences: . This means you can still learn with AC students for writing task 2. If you need advanced lessons for task 2, see my store: . I hope this helps. You must decide if you want separate training for Gt writing task 1 or if you can self study.

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Thanks for yr blog it is helping us alot. I want to know is letter to a neighbor is semi-formal? If yes, it means we can use contractiions. Right? Thanks

A letter to a neighbour can be informal or semi formal depending on how well you know your neighbour and the topic. Yes, you can use contractions.

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Thank you very much for your wonderful blog. i have one question. In personal or semi-formal letter can i use formal vocabulary, like for example… I am writing instead of I’m writing

In personal letters, you can use contractions. In semi formal letters it depends how well you know the person and what the letter is about – ie work or leisure.

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Hi Liz, I already have a patterned mind set on the steps for letter writing paragraphing: Introduction (making an emphatic statement on my intention), ‘Firstly’ (for second paragraph), ‘Also’ (in my third paragraph), ‘Finally’ (in the fourth paragraph) and ‘In conclusion’ (in the fifth and last paragraph- summarizing the letter with an overall opinionated statement). Hope I’m on course with this?

There is not conclusion for letters. See my model letters on this page:

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This is just a quick question regarding indentation. Is indenting no longer required in writing letters and essays? Thank you.

Best regards, Tyr

It is no longer required. It’s best to leave one empty line between paragraphs as it is clearer for the examiner.

Thank you very much for the prompt reply. Have a great day ahead.

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I went through the guidance on Writing Task 1. I have attended IELTS examination twice last year and scored 8 for L/S/R but for writing my score is 7. I want to improve my writing skills especially on essay writing. It would be helpful if you can provide me the required guidance on the ways to improve my self on formation of Essays.

Thanks, Rins

The only thing I can suggest is for you to buy one of my advanced lessons for writing task 2. If you find it useful, get the other lessons too:

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What if I end my letter without writing yours sincerely and a name. How would it impact on the overall band score.

It will affect the score for Task Achievement.

It eventually did impact. I scored 6 in writing.

Also can you please advise if we can write date at the end of letter. Further, is it necessary to put commas after the title and sign off?

You don’t need dates with your letter and you don’t need commas after the title of signing off.

Thanks again. Is there a penalty to write location in the body section of a letter. Or is it just the signoff where one must not mention any address?

There isn’t a penalty but it isn’t necessary to add that information.

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It will definitely have an impact- as you state- on your writing. A great tennis player serves his last serve of the match with the same velocity as his first one. So, your last sentence or words should be as appropriate as your fist ones. .

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hello! what about tense forms in GT letter writing? I mean using Past Simple Tense instead of Present Perfect Tense. Is it correct or not?

How can you bring mathematical formulas in writing a language. Different situations require different responses and the formation of the tenses will depend on that. Just try and keep things simple and to the point and get your views acrross.

First of all, i would like to thank you for videos and articles which are very informative. I have attempted IELTS twice.I scored around 8 band in L/S/R but unfortunately i couldn’t score 7 in writing.In first attempt i thought it could be spelling mistakes or poor hand writing as i am more into typing rather writing.In second attempt i religiously followed your tips proper paragraph structure and salutations,i also took extra care of legibility of writing and spelling mistake but i again scored 6.5. Could you please suggest what approach shall i choose to score 7.5 in writing.I believe there is certainly something wrong (very basic) which i am missing to correct again and again.

I was wondering if you could please assess my writing or provide me online coaching. I believe if i prepare for 8 band i will surely make it to Band 7 at least.

See my advanced writing task 2 lessons which explain in great depth the techniques needed for a high score: . All the best Liz

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Dear Ms Liz, I am a beneficiar from your IELTS material. However, I have a request and admiration to share. Please share IELTS Letter (GT) model answers. The link provided does not lead to any source, rather leads to an error page. I wonder if you have a pen name by Monica sorrenson whose teaching methodolgy is quite similiar to yours. Nevertheless, please accept my expression of gratitude for sharing such useful information. Yours sincerely, Mr Kadian

I’ve just up-dated the links. Try again and see if they work. No, that isn’t my pen name 🙂

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Hello Mam, Please also post model answers for each kind of lettter as you have posted for academic writings. That are explained thoroughly and I need help in general writing task 1

Content, your problem is that you are, perhaps, moving away from the core of the topic and meandering here and there.Remember, upto Band 6 or 6.5, the grammatical accuracies are more important but as you move upward, the content of your writing as conjoined with the topic given, becomes extremely important. Paragraphing and understanding the basic principles underlying the effects of the ideas generated through paragraphs and their appropriateness becomes the important issue, at this juncture of Band 7 and beyond.

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Hi Liz, Good day! Can I have a copy of IELTS letter writing?

Thanks, honey

Hi Liz, Good day! Can i have a copy of IELTS letter writing?

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Dear , I am unable to find any of yours video lecture related to letter writing on YouTube . I will be very thank full if you can share the relevant link .

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Hi Liz, Are contractions mandatory in semiformal letter just like informal case ?

Regards, Subi

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Hi liz I want ask about if there is difference between sincerely and faithfully? Thank you

What is the character for each of them (formal, informal and semi-formal)?

See my lesson above, it is clearly shown with examples. Liz

Hi liz How can I know the differenc between formal, informal, semi-formal and personal?

There are only three kinds as stated above. you will know when you read the instructions if it is to someone you know well, you know a little or someone you don’t know. Liz

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I will be taking my IELTS exam this saturday in Malaysia. I am terrified…

Anyway, I would like to ask you for some advice. As for IELTS, we do not need to include the person’s address and our own address in a formal letter? Or it depends fully on the question? Please advise.

You never write an address at the top of your letter. If the instructions ask you to give your address, then you put it in a sentence in a body paragraph. For example, “ I am writing to complain about the noise on my street. I currently live at 54 South Street. ” You can see it is not a full address, just the details that are relevant to the letter. Liz

Thank you so much Liz for the explanation. =)

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Why don’t we write ‘I am living at 54 South Street’ instead of “I currently live at 54 South Street”

We don’t usually use the continuous tense when giving address details.

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Hi Liz, I am thankful to you that you provide such a great platform where we can practice and enhance our skills for IELTS. I am preparing for General Ielts and i want to know about different types of Letters that you have shared , But i didn’t find mode answers of all , I want to ask where can i get model answers of that or can you suggest some students with whom we can share our letter writing that you shared for practice as you dont have time to check and mark our letters, Thanks and keep working for us.

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Hi Liz, It was asked to write a letter to a school teacher apologizing not to returning a book borrowed from her and explaining the reason. Is this a formal or informal letter? Thanks in advance Sandun

This is a semi-formal letter. You need to put the name of the teacher instead of using “sir”. This means the content is formal but as you know your teacher quite well it is more relaxed in style. Liz

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wish you are doing very well,

Actually this is my first participation ,and I have one question please.

when I am sending a letter formal or personal , Can i use one of these phrases ,for example :

1- trust your are doing very well 2- I wish my letter find you very well

and then complete the rest of letter

Both have incorrect grammar. Also you need to adapt your letter depending on the instructions and aims. All the best Liz

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Good day to you. I need your expert advise and a clarification on GT writing task 1 – Letters; I came across a question, where they have requested to write a letter to friend and invite him to a party and to provide the Date and the Venue; However the instructions part of the question states no need to mention addresses; in this scenario, do i have to provide the address of the party in my body of the letter or should I not mention it. I am aware, that not following the instructions will result in less marks allotted to me and would be grateful if you could clarify this and provide a suitable solution for this scenario. Awaiting your earliest response. Thanks R. Radhakrishnan.

The instructions tell you that you don’t need to write a full address which is normally written in the top corner of any letter before the start of the letter. The date and venue which you need to write in your letter is not a full address (there is no need for the postcode or even city). You can just write the name of the place and the street with a number. And that information is written inside the body of the letter. All the best

Thank you so much Liz ..

You’re welcome 🙂

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Hi Liz, Do I always have to start the letter with” Dear….” ? I mean, if it is a formal letter and I don’t know the name of the person, can I start with something like”To the mamagement of….” Or it is better to keep it simple and start with ” Dear …” in all types of letters?

That is answered above. See the signing off section. Liz

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Hi Liz, I appeared for general training IELTS test on 29th Sepetember,2015. I have a doubt regarding letter writing. One of the instructions say: You do NOT need write any address. But in the introduction i mentioned the address as follows:

Dear Mathew Hogward

I am Scarlette Jonathan, recently shifted to your South East road aparrment number SJ001C.

Does this affect my band score in task 1? Does this make my task 1 neglected?

I covered all the points in my letter and i am sure there were no spelling, punctuation and grammar miskates. ButI got only 6 bands in writing module. My essay was also well structured. I would be grateful if you could post a reply to my query!

Your lessons are a great help! Thank you Liz!

If the task requires you to write about your accommodation, it is fine to put the street and number inside the letter – in fact it is necessary. What the instructions mean is that you don’t need to write your address in the top left corner of the paper before starting the letter. All the best Liz

Thank you liz! Could you please tell me thay if word limit exceeds 170 words in writing task 1 and if it exceeds 300 in writing task 2; does this count for band deduction? Thank you in advance! All your tips are extremely valuable for the one whi desires to achieve a good band score. I love the content you post for candidates’ help!

Please see this page: Liz

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Writing task 1 of GT Pakistan 29th August, 2015: You recently moved to an apartment where you are facing a some of problems, write a letter to owner to inform him and suggest solution.

Explain the apartment is very good describe your problem suggest a solution




Thanking in anticipation for your reply.

This is a formal letter. The landlord is not your friend and the situation is serious. Any complaint letter is formal. Well done avoiding contractions. You put your name at the end of the letter and the landlord’s name after “Dear..” at the start of the letter. All the best Liz

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Wonderful tips…as i m a ielts trainer ur tips r very handy. I have been going thrugh ur blog gor the first time. I just went through ur tips for letter writing. They seem to be very benificial. I would be delighted to have a few more tips and sample answers on my mail.

Yours sincerely, Rani

I’m glad the lesson was useful, Rani. I’ll post more model letters at some point but I can’t say exactly when. All the best Liz

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Dear Liz, I am looking forward to appearing the ielts test for the first time. I´m sort of an aspirant who has no excess to preparation classes but has an ex excess to the internet. Is it enough? Or should I get enrolled to such classes mandatorily? Is it compulsory to go through the books prescribed or the online courses are enough? Expecting a genuine suggestion, DHRUBA

I will be very direct. If there is a chance of professional IELTS training then of course it is worth it. But not many schools are good – you need to select carefully. However, training in IELTS is not enough. You must have the right level of English to match your score. For example, in the message above, you have used incorrect vocabulary “excess” (you mean access), “get enrolled” (should be just enroll), prescribed (recommended) – and there are more mistakes still. This means you will struggle to get over band 6 due to your frequent errors. So, work on your level of English until you can produce accurate language suitable for the band score you want. When your English is stronger, learn IELTS skills in any way possible. Liz

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Hi there, In this capitalistic world where everyone has a price and nothing is free,your website is nothing less then a blessing!! Am planing to take IELTS G.T actually thinking for the past 1 year but never appeared (phobia i gueess).I think my English is not up to the mark.I need 7 band in all areas for my Immigration.My grammar and writing the worst.As far as speaking is concerned I stammer and it just shatters my confidence.Its terrible when you want say but you cant say it and i stuck at crucial time. I need some suggestions what you think how much time I need to get 7 band?? especially in writing and speaking.I can write on some issues like taboo issues,music,sprituality but strangely i cant write a letter or essay.

Sorry for being so long but as i read you blog i came to know you are a humble person so i hope you wouldnot mind..

As hope is a good thing I hope you will reply to my boring and long letter/essay whatever you call it.Thanks I

You seem to have a good level of English with the odd error which means you have the potential for around 7. If your stammer is part of your natural way of speaking, then it shouldn’t affect your score. But if it is due to nerves, then you will need to find a way to tackle it. One way is to develop so many ideas and answers for questions, that you will feel confident when the examiner asks a question. Of course, you can’t predict all questions but you can predict a range of common topics and you can practice all the common questions – have a technique of expanding each type of question. For part 2, you will need to have a particularly strong technique.

For writing, the key will be not only ideas, but also structure, linking devices and knowing what the instructions require of you and how to present your answer. Take a look at my model essays. Look through all my free posts and videos in each of the main sections for tips, common questions, model answers etc.

How long will it take? You will have a better idea how long you need to prepare once you see the topics you must prepare for and the types of questions. All the best Liz

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Thanks Liz. Very helpful and useful tips. Please, give the explanation on difference between “Sincerely” and “Faithfully”. In what style can we use them and how?

I’ve just added the explanation to the essential tips – take a look. All the best Liz

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Hi Liz. Your all sessions are excellent and very helpful to al IELTS students.

Cheers Manjush

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IELTS General Writing Task 1: a job application letter

By ieltsetc on December 23, 2019

This lesson will take you through 10 simple steps to help you write a job application for IELTS General Writing Task 1.

Thank you for your interest in my IELTS lessons and tips.

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letter of application ielts

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IELTS Sample Letters How To Write a Request Letter

The IELTS sample letters in this lesson are both request letters, one of the 7 most common letter types in the General Writing exam.

In the lesson, I'm going to show you step-by-step how to plan and write a letter of request. Here’s what it includes:

Question structure

Letter structure.

  • Formal or informal?
  • Greeting & signoff
  • Generating ideas
  • Sample letters

All questions for IELTS letters have the same structure. They are made up of 3 parts.

Part 1 –  The topic.

Part 2 –  The person you must write to.

Part 3 –  What you should write about (listed as 3 bullet points).

Here is a sample question for a request letter with the 3 parts illustrated.

IELTS sample letter question 1

Understanding this will help you to quickly analyse the question and plan your answer. To help you plan, use the letter structure below.

For a full lesson on planning, including more IELTS sample letters,  click here: How To Plan IELTS Letters

The layout of your letter should follow the structure of the question and consist of four paragraphs with a greeting at the beginning and a signoff at the end.

Use this easy to remember 6 part structure.

1)  Dear .....

2)  Paragraph 1:  Purpose – why you are writing

3)  Paragraph 2:  Write about 1 st  bullet point

4)  Paragraph 3:  Write about 2 nd  bullet point

5)  Paragraph 4:  Write about 3 rd  bullet point

6)  Signoff

All you need to do to create your plan is to add in the details from the question, like this:

  1)  Dear .....  (teacher)

  2)  Paragraph 1:  Purpose –  to ask about language lessons

  3)  Paragraph 2:    say how you came to know about him/her  (bullet point 1)

  4)  Paragraph 3:   explain why you want to learn  (bullet point 2)

  5)  Paragraph 4:   ask what help they can offer   (bullet point 3)

  6)  Signoff

Formal & Informal Letters

Your letter must be written in the appropriate tone and style. There are two options:

  • Formal – to someone you don’t know or don’t know well.
  • Informal – to a friend.

It is essential that you are able to identify what type of question you’re required to write. Follow this general rule:

  • If the question includes the word ‘friend’, use informal language.
  • If the question  does not  include the word ‘friend’, use formal language.

To learn more about formal and informal letters and see two IELTS sample letters, click here;

IELTS Letter Writing

We do not know the teacher in our question so, we will write a formal letter.  This leads us on to the opening of the letter – the greeting.

The Greeting & Signoff

The greeting.

There are two ways you can begin a formal letter.

  • Use  Dear Sir or Madam  if you don’t know the name of the person you are writing to.
  • Use  Dear + surname  if you do know their name, e.g.  Dear Mr Smith  or  Dear Mrs Jones .

We will assume that we know the name of the teacher and make up a name for them – Miss Garcia .

If you were writing an informal request letter to a friend, you would use their first name, e.g. Dear Ben .

The greeting you use will determine how you sign off your letter.

The Signoff

For a formal letter, there are two main options. The correct one will depend on who you are addressing:

  • Dear Mr Smith (name known) – Yours sincerely
  • Dear Sir/Madam (name unknown) – Yours faithfully

You could also use ‘ Kind regards ’. This is formal but friendly and is appropriate for most situations. It is particularly useful if you struggle to remember how to spell ‘sincerely’ and ‘faithfully’.

Always sign off a formal letter with your full name, e.g. Jacky Spear

For an informal letter to a friend, use one of these phrases followed by your first name:

  • All the best
  • See you soon
  • Keep in touch

For example,

     All the best,


For our sample letter, we will use this greeting and signoff:

     Dear Miss Garcia...

     ....Kind regards,

     Jacky Spear

We are now ready to think up some ideas to write about. We have the guidelines of the 3 bullet points to help us so this won’t be difficult.

How To Generate Ideas for a Request Letter

You only have to write 150 words, so you won’t need many ideas but do make sure that you write about each bullet point and develop each idea fully.

They don't have to be the best ideas you can possibly think of. Go with your first thoughts and don’t waste time trying to think of better ideas. However, they must relate directly to the bullet points.

Note them beside each bullet point on the exam paper, like this:

You want to learn a language. There is a teacher near to where you live.

Write a letter to the teacher. In the letter:

  • say how you came to know about him/her

Saw article & advert in local paper

  • explain why you want to learn 

Volunteering in an orphanage in Peru – conversation

  • ask what help they can offer  

Time, frequency & price

That’s our planning complete. Once you’ve had some practice, you’ll be able to do this in just a few minutes. Taking time to plan makes writing IELTS letters far quicker and easier than if you don’t do this step. You will also write a better letter and get higher marks.

We're now ready to start writing our letter.

Writing the Letter

Here’s our plan again with all our notes added in.

We’ve already decided on the greeting so we’ll start with paragraph 1.

Paragraph 1

In the first paragraph, you must state the reason for writing the letter, that is, its purpose.

Paragraph 1:  Purpose –  to ask about language lessons

Many students make the mistake of missing this purpose sentence out but it's very important. Including it will gain you marks.

It only requires one sentence. For example,

I am writing to enquire about taking Spanish lessons with you.

Top vocabulary tip:  Do not use contractions in formal letters. They are informal language. So, do not write ‘ I’m  writing to enquire…

Paragraph 2

In the second paragraph, you write about bullet point 1.  Remember to keep the language formal for this question. Aim for around 50 words for each of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4. 

Paragraph 2:    say how you came to know about him/her  (bullet point 1)

You could write something like this.

I read the article about you and saw your advert in this week’s local paper and I believe that you are just the person I am looking for. I am particularly keen to learn from a native speaker like yourself so I do hope that you have space in your timetable to fit me in for some lessons.

Paragraph 3

The third paragraph should cover the second bullet point.

Paragraph 3:   explain why you want to learn  (bullet point 2)

Volunteering in an orphanage in Peru – conversation  

My reason for wanting to learn your language is because I will be travelling to Peru for six months next year to volunteer in an orphanage. I really want to be able to talk to the children and understand them so Spanish conversation is my priority.

Paragraph 4

Paragraph 4 addresses the third bullet point.

Paragraph 4:   ask what help they can offer   (bullet point 3)

I would be grateful if you could let me know what availability you have for lessons. Twice a week would be ideal if that is possible. I work in the evenings so daytime would be fine. Please, could you also tell me what you charge for tuition and how long each lesson would last?

Now we just need to add the signoff we decided on earlier and our letter is complete.

IELTS Sample Letter

Here is the finished letter.

letter of application ielts

Practice Question

To get some practice writing a request letter, write a letter for the question below.

IELTS sample letter question 2

   You are going to visit the town where your friend went to university.

   Write a letter to your friend. In your letter:

  • explain why you will be visiting the town
  • give details of where you will be staying
  • ask your friend to recommend some evening entertainment.

This letter is to a friend so must be written in an informal tone and style. Use the planning structure I showed you above to plan before you start writing.

Here’s the IELTS sample letter.  Can you spot the language and grammar structures I’ve used to give it an informal tone, such as contractions?

letter of application ielts

You'll find more IELTS sample letters in the lesson below.

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Common letter topics.

  • Letter of Complaint
  • Letter of Explanation
  • Letters of Application & Resignation
  • Letters to Make an Arrangement
  • An Invitation

IELTS General Writing Task 1 – All Lessons

Includes many IELTS sample letters.

IELTS General Writing  –  A summary of the test including important facts, test format & assessment.

Letter Format  – The format, the 7 topics, letter structure, formal & informal, assessment & marking criteria, sample questions. Essential information  you need to know.

Letter Writing Tips   – Learn top tips on how to meet the assessment and marking criteria and achieve a high score.

Letter Writing Structure  – Find out how to use this   easy to   learn letter structure to write a high-scoring letter. Includes a model answer.

How To Plan a Letter  – Learn a simple 5 step process & 6 part letter structure. Also, help to understand the question & generate ideas.

Formal or Informal  – How to decide what type of letter to write. Sample questions & 2 model letters.

Letter Writing Vocabulary  – Learn useful phrases to help you achieve a high score. Also, know how to start & end your letter.

How To Write an Informal Letter – Step-by-step instructions, simple 4 step plan & 6 part letter structure, model letter.

How To Write a Formal Letter – Step-by-step instructions, simple 4 step plan & 6 part letter structure, model letter.

Letter Topics  – Learn the 7 most common letter topics   & other popular subjects. Includes 20 sample questions.

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A job application cover letter

Home  »  IELTS general writing task 1: letter samples, phrases and tips.  » A job application cover letter   

You are applying for a job. As well as attaching a CV, you need to write a cover letter explaining your reasons for choosing this particular job at this particular company, and why you would be a good hire. Things to include are: 1. Possible qualifications or reasons for you to be hired 2. Your energy and enthusiasm for the job 3. Your past experience in a similar position.

To whom it may concern,

I am writing to express my interest in the position of Lead Software Engineer that was advertised in The Times newspaper on 24/09/2017. My education consists of a Bachelor’s Degree with first class honours in Computer Science from the University of Manchester, as well as a Master’s Degree in Applied Software Engineering from the University of Barcelona, where I assisted in the development of an artificial intelligence that has the ability to recognise individual personality traits in humans with great accuracy. Further to this, I have since worked for Intel Corporation as a Senior Engineer for over eight years. My main responsibilities centred around the management of a team of fifteen developers whose job it was to provide machine code solutions to processing problems. I believe it is this well-developed problem solving ability which makes me a suitable candidate for a leadership position at your esteemed company. Finally, I have been compelled to participate in the technology sector since I was a teenager, and so my enthusiasm for the industry is considerable. Please find my CV attached for your perusal, and I look forward to discussing this opportunity further at interview.

Yours faithfully, Nicola Sturgeon

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IELTS Sample Letters

These IELTS sample letters illustrate the different types you may come across in the test.

Letters tend to be one of these types:

  • Informal (e.g. to a friend or family member)
  • Semi-formal (e.g. to your landlord or employer, who you know)
  • Formal (e.g. to the manager of a company)

They also have broad purposes such as a complaint, resignation, arrangement, advice, request, explanation or apology, though any one letter may include several of these purposes based on the bullet points.

  • Sample 1: Letter to landlord - see below (request)
  • Sample 2: Letter to insurance company (complaint)
  • Sample 3: Letter to theatre manager (complaint)
  • Sample 4: Letter to friend (apology/explanation)
  • Sample 5: Letter to train company (complaint)
  • Sample 6: Letter to head teacher (complaint)
  • Sample 7: Letter to restaurant (job application)
  • Sample 8: Letter to employer (request)
  • Sample 9: Letter to friend (arrangement)
  • Sample 10: Letter to friend (advice)

You can also view letters that have been written by students practicing for the test:

  • IELTS Student Letters

IELTS Letter to Landlord

IELTS Letter to Landlord

You are experiencing financial problems and want to ask your landlord if you can pay your rent late.  Write a letter to your landlord.

In your letter explain:

  • Why you cannot pay the rent
  • When you will pay the rent.
  • How you will ensure you can pay your rent in the future

Write at least 150 words

You do  NOT  need to write any addresses

Begin your letter as follows:

Model Answer

Dear Mr Strickland,

I am writing to you to request that you allow me to pay my rent late this month.

The reason is that I am having a few financial problems at the moment. Last month, I was made redundant from my job due to the fact that the company I work for is closing down. Because I have not worked at the company for long, I have not received a redundancy payment, therefore leaving me short of money this month.

I can assure you that I will be able to pay the rent on the 15th of next month. I have now found another job, and they have kindly agreed to give me an advance on my wages, but they are unable to arrange this until next week.

I can assure you that I will be able to continue to pay rent at the full rate and on time in the future. As I mentioned, I have a new job and this is on a long-term contract, meaning that I will have a secure and timely income. I may also set up a direct debit so the payment goes to your automatically each month. 

I hope this will be acceptable to you, but please contact me if it is a problem.

Yours sincerely,

John Streetham.

(210 Words)

The letter is well-structured as the writer makes it clear in the first sentence why the letter is being written, gives further details of the problem in the first body paragraph, and then sets out when payment will be made, finally discussing the future.

The tone of the letter is appropriate as it is polite ( I am writing to you to request..., I can assure you...., I apologise for this problem..., please contact me if it is a problem...  ).

The opening and closing of the letter are correct for a semi-formal letter to someone if you know their name ( Dear Mr Strickland..., Yours sincerely...  ).

There are good examples of correct use of tenses, demonstrating that the writer has a very good working use of grammar:

  • present continuous for what is happening now:  I am having a few financial problems at the moment
  • past simple passive for events in the past and when the subject is not doing the verb:  I was made redundant
  • Future:  I can assure you that I will be able to pay
  • Present perfect:  I have now found

More on IELTS Letters:

letter of application ielts

IELTS Informal Letter: Getting the Tone Right

This is an IELTS informal letter sample and shows you how to use the right tone when its not formal.

letter of application ielts

IELTS Advice letter: Advising a Friend

This is an IELTS advice letter in which you have to write to a friend and advise them whether to go to college or apply for a job.

letter of application ielts

Opening and Closing a Letter

In this lesson you will learn about opening and closing a letter for the IELTS task 1 General Training.

IELTS Complaint Letter

IELTS Complaint Letter - Get the best tips and strategies on how to write a letter of complaint for the IELTS General Training.

letter of application ielts

IELTS Formal Letter Sample: Theatre Visit

This IELTS formal letter sample is regarding a visit to the theatre. It's a complaint letter as person did not enjoy it.

letter of application ielts

Task 1 Letter: Complaint to Train Company

In a task 1 letter of complaint you usually need to explain why you are not pleased with an aspect of customer service.

IELTS Letter: Job Application to Restaurant

In this IELTS letter you are have to write a job application for a position in a restaurant.

IELTS Letter Feedback Forum

IELTS Letter Feedback Forum - would you like to get feedback on a task 1 letter for General Training IELTS? Then post it here. Other students can comment.

letter of application ielts

Task 1 GT Letter: Making a Complaint

This sample Task 1 GT Letter is about making a complaint about problems at a recreation ground.

letter of application ielts

IELTS Band 9 Letters

Tips for IELTS band 9 letters, showing you how to get 9 for task achievement, coherence, lexis and grammar.

IELTS Letter Lessons: Writing Letters for the Task 1 General

An IELTS letter has to be written for the task 1 of IELTS general training. Take lessons on how to write high-scoring answers.

letter of application ielts

IELTS Formal Letter to an Insurance Company

This is an IELTS formal letter to an insurance company It is an example of how to write a letter of complaint.

IELTS Letter Tenses

Learn about how to ensure the tenses you use in IELTS letters are correct to get a high band score.

IELTS Request Letter: Time Off Work

This is an IELTS request letter in which you need to take leave from your work of over one month for personal reasons.

IELTS Arrangement Letter: Holiday with a Friend

This is a sample IELTS Arrangement Letter in which you have to contact a friend to explain how your holiday plans have changed.

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Mastering IELTS Application Letters and Resignation Letters


How to successfully write an application, and resignation letter

For the general exam, you'll need to be well-versed in writing different letter types. Two out of the ten types are the application and resignation letter. This article will go through each and give you examples of both, along with practice questions.

What are these letter types?

To resign, is a formal way of expressing leaving one's job. It simply means to leave your current employment.

To write an application letter, is where you write to a potential employer to secure a position or be invited for an interview. These are typically more common as people tend to seek work more than they leave their jobs.

Resignation letter

The first thing to do is to understand the question and what the task is asking you. The three questions are:

  • What is the topic?
  • Who are you writing to?
  • Why are you writing to them?

What is the structure of a formal resignation letter?

The structure is simple. As a rule of thumb, it is a safe option to go with:

  • Paragraph 1- the opening
  • Paragraph 2- the explanation
  • Paragraph 3- the explanation
  • Paragraph 4- conclusion

You may have an extra paragraph depending on how many ideas are raised in the question. Order your writing by the order of the question. If for example, the statement initially mentions leaving your job because you are moving overseas, then this should also be explained in your first paragraph. I n other words, imitate the structure of the question.

What does a typical IELTS resignation letter task look like?

You have decided to resign from your work in order to enter a new professional field.

Write a letter of resignation to your boss. In your letter:

  • tell your boss of your decision and explain why you are leaving
  • explain what you have gained from your current job and your feelings about leaving
  • ask for a letter of reference

Sample answer

Dear Mr Wood,

I am writing to inform you of my decision to resign from Rights Watch. In accordance with my notice period, my final day will be [date of last day].

My time at Rights Watch has been invaluable, but I have made the decision to enter into another field of work. The reason being, is that I would like to pursue my keen interest and passion, in the culinary arts. I have been offered a job at a leading culinary school that will enable me to follow this course of action.

I have thoroughly enjoyed my time at Rights Watch and it has been an informative and enriching experience. I would like to thank you for all of the opportunities I have been afforded here, and the professional impact it has had on me. Notwithstanding this, I have personally learnt a great deal from your guidance over the years.

In the coming weeks before my closing day, I am fully committed to continuing in the same manner of work and will be happy to assist in providing a smooth transition.

I would be grateful if a letter of reference could be sent to my future employer in the coming weeks.

[your name]

Useful language for a resignation letter

  • I regret to inform you that
  • In accordance with my notice period
  • Thank you for the opportunities
  • Effective from
  • I am writing to inform you
  • I wish you and the company all the best
  • It has been a pleasure working with you

Do's and Don'ts

letter of application ielts

Letter of application

Similarly to the resignation letter, ask yourself the three questions (What is the topic? Who are you writing to? Why are you writing to them?)

The key difference between these two types of letter is the subject. A resignation letter announces one leaving their job, whilst a letter of application seeks work. You can therefore begin to see how the tone would be different between them, as well as the language, and the ideas put forward. We don't need to discuss any positive attributes about ourselves in a resignation letter for example, but this is important to do in an application letter.

We still however, make sure we ask the three questions- What, Who, Why.

What is the structure of a letter of application?

Again, the structure needs to be reflected in the question given to you in Task 1.

As before, you begin with your (1) greeting, (2) follow with your opening, and continue to paragraph your letter based on what is said in the question. You therefore may then (3) follow with what's likely to be, 2-3 paragraphs. Completing your task with your (4) conclusion, and (5) sign off.

What does a typical IELTS letter of application look like?

Before we look at a specific example, these are some types of application scenarios you could expect and are useful to practice with.

  • Applying to volunteer
  • Applying for a summer job
  • Responding to an advert detailing a job
  • Career change
  • Recent graduate seeking work (internship, apprenticeship)
  • Applying for a middle leadership position
  • Applying for a senior leadership position
  • Internal position (a position has opened up in the company you work in)

You have seen an advert asking for volunteers to help run an upcoming charity literary event.

Write a letter of application to the organisers. In your letter:

  • explain why you are interested in volunteering
  • provide details of relevant past experience
  • suggest ways you could help with the event

Sample answer:

Dear Ms Stone,

I am writing to express my interest in the advertised charity event taking place on [insert date]. I would like to offer my assistance on the day of the event, as well as any help required in leading up to the event. I live in close proximity to the happenings, and would like to help with an event so close to home.

I am a university student who is currently studying English Literature and have a keen interest in the subject. At university, I frequently help with literary events on campus, that range from smaller events, to more sizeable affairs. As well as this, I run a small literary magazine which I co-founded with a fellow student.

I would be happy to help with running a stall on the day or of being more flexible, and helping with general organisation or scheduling. If you are interested in arranging an additional speaker to your event, I would be more than happy to get in touch with our modest pool of previous speakers.

I look forward to hearing from you.

[your name].

Useful language for an application letter

  • I would like to express my interest in
  • I have a strong interest in
  • This experience has taught me how to
  • I believe that my skill set
  • I would appreciate the opportunity to
  • I look forward to hearing from you
  • Thank you for your time and consideration

letter of application ielts

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Write a letter of application

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

You have seen an advert online for volunteers to help people in the community. There are various roles available and you would like to apply.

Write a letter to the organisation. In your letter

explain what type of voluntary work you would be interested in doing.

describe any skills and experience you have in this area.

request more information and an interview.

Write at least 150 words.

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How To Write a Formal IELTS Letter

letter of application ielts

This post will show you how to write a formal letter in task 1 of the IELTS writing test. This post is for students doing the General Training module. For those of you taking the Academic module, please return to the task 1 page for more articles.

This post will

  • show you how to analyse a task 1 question
  • show you how to make a plan that will save you lots of time and boost your mark
  • suggest some useful language
  • provide you with a quick task 1 checklist
  • give you a sample band 9 answer

Is it a formal letter?

The first thing you need to do is decide if the question is actually asking you to write a formal or informal letter.

We can tell this by checking if we know the name of the person we are writing to or not and the situation. For example, if we are writing a letter of complaint, applying for a new job or resigning from our existing job, it will always be formal. Also, if we do not know the name of the person we are writing to, then it will be formal.

Take a look at the four example questions below and decide which two are formal.

letter of application ielts

The first and third questions are formal. We don’t know the name of the managers and they are formal situations.

The second question does not give us the name of the manager and would, therefore, be a formal letter.

The last letter is to a friend and must be informal.

Planning a Formal Letter

People don’t normally plan letters but in the IELTS test you really should. In fact, I have met very few students who wrote a band 9 letter and didn’t make a plan before writing.

As you can see above, all task 1 questions on the General Training paper follow the same format. They will first tell you the situation (the reason why you are writing) and then give you three bullet points that you have to cover. This is good news for us because it means we can follow the same structure every time.

Here is the formal letter structure I tell all of my General Training IELTS students to follow.

Dear Sir/Madam 

Paragraph 1- Say why you are writing to them. ( I am writing with regard to… ) 

Paragraph 2- Bullet point 1 and supporting details 

Paragraph 3- Bullet point 2 and supporting details 

Paragraph 4- Bullet point 3 and supporting details 

I look forward to hearing from you. 

Yours faithfully 

[Your Full Name]

That’s it. It will take you only a few minutes to write this out in the exam and then all you have to do is think of the supporting details.

When thinking of supporting details don’t worry about being entertaining or even thinking of the best ideas you can, just make sure they are relevant.

Useful Language

Below is a selection of useful language for you to use in a formal letter. The phrases you choose will depend on the context of the question.

  • I am writing this letter with regard to…
  • I am writing to bring to your attention…
  • I am writing to inform you that…
  • I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with…..

Requests and Suggestions

  • I would be grateful if you would…
  • I would like you to…
  • I am entitled to request that you….
  • I was wondering if it would be at all possible to….
  • I would like to suggest that….
  • I look forward to hearing from you.
  • I look forward to receiving your response.
  • I await your prompt service.
  • I thank you for your consideration.
  • Please respond at the earliest convenience.

IELTS Letter Writing Checklist

Here are some questions you should ask yourself when answering any General Training task 1 question.

  • Have I read and understood the instructions?
  • Is it a formal or informal letter?
  • Have I made a plan?
  • Have I included both the reason for writing and the 3 bullet points?
  • Have I supported each bullet point with relevant details?
  • Have I used appropriate language?
  • Have I separated my letter into paragraphs?
  • Are my ideas clear and easy to understand?
  • Have I avoided copying the question and varied my vocabulary?
  • Have I checked my letter for grammar and spelling mistakes?

If you can answer all of these questions you are well on your way to writing a good formal letter.

Band 9 Sample Formal Letter

On a recent holiday you lost a valuable item. Fortunately, you have travel insurance to cover the cost of anything lost.

Write a letter to the manager of your insurance company. In your letter

  • describe the item you lost
  • explain how you lost it
  • tell the insurance company what you would like them to do

Dear Sir/Madam

I am writing to inform you that I recently lost my digital camera while on holiday in Vietnam.

The camera is a black Canon 70d and cost $1550 when I bought it new last month. It has a resolution of 20 megapixels, a Canon 67 millimeter lens and was in a brown leather case with my name on it.

I lost it when I was having coffee with my husband in the backpacker area of Ho Chi Minh City. I believe the coffee shop was called Highlands Coffee and it was on Pham Ngu Lao Street. We had been at the coffee shop for around 45 minutes when I noticed it was missing.

I am entitled to make a claim for the value of the above mentioned item and request that you send me details on what I need to do in order to proceed.

I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience.

Yours faithfully

(162 words)

Examiner’s Report

This candidate has fully answered the question by covering both the purpose of the letter and the three bullet points in the question. The candidate has also used the appropriate formal tone. All ideas are supported with relevant details.

The ideas are clear and well organised. Paragraphing has been used well.

Vocabulary is both accurate and appropriate. Words such as digital, resolution, backpacker and claim show a high level of vocabulary.

The candidate has used a range of tenses (present simple, present perfect, present continuous, past continuous and past simple) and all sentences are error-free.

I hope you found this post useful. For more information on IELTS letter writing please check out our articles on how to write an informal letter and  IELTS letter writing tips .

To keep up to date with future articles and daily free practice activities please like our Facebook page .

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About Christopher Pell

My name is Christopher Pell and I'm the Managing Director of IELTS Advantage.

I started IELTS Advantage as a simple blog to help 16 students in my class. Several years later, I am very humbled that my VIP Course has been able to help thousands of people around the world to score a Band 7+ in their IELTS tests.

If you need my help with your IELTS preparation, you can send me an email using the contact us page.

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IELTS General Writing Task 1: Request Letter

IELTS Request Letter is a formal or semi-formal type of letter where you request some information.

Here is an example how the task may look like:

WRITING TASK 1 (General)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

You have just started a course in a college which has no sports facilities of its own. Write a letter to the manager of the nearest private sports club. In your letter

  • introduce yourself
  • say why you are interested in this sports club
  • ask some questions about the club e.g. facilities, members, costs

Write at least 150 words.

You do NOT need to write any addresses.

Begin your letter as follows:

Dear Sir or Madam,

Note! You will find the IELTS Request Letter Sample with grammar corrections and estimated band score down below.

Note that in some cases this letter may be informal as well. For instance, if you have to write a letter to your friend to request information about something. If that is the case, use the informal letter style along with request letter structure and phrases to compose the letter.

IELTS Request Letter Structure & Vocabulary

We have prepared a list of common phrases for you that you can use in your IELTS Request Letter to structure the letter and ensure you use the right tone.

drawer filled with documents


  • 1 Dear Sir/Madam, (or name if given)
  • 2 The purpose of the letter: explanation, the reason for writing
  • 3 Explanation in more detail
  • 4 Formal ending, name, signature
  • Dear Sir/Madam, (or name if given)
  • I am writing to ask for information about membership in the Snap Fitness Sports club
  • I am writing to ask for a complete itinerary of a trip to Africa that I booked with your company
  • I am writing in response to ... / I was interested in your advertisement in ...
  • I am writing to inquire about ...
  • I have read your advertisement of the … and would like to get more information
  • What information do I request?
  • The information I would like to obtain should include the following:
  • Firstly, I would like to know ...
  • I would be grateful if you could tell me what the price is.
  • I wonder if I need insurance / I wonder if you could ...
  • I would be interested to know if I will get a certificate
  • I would like to know more about ... / I would be grateful if you could ...
  • I wonder if you could possibly tell/send me …
  • Could you possibly send … / May I request …?
  • Could you please send me further details …?

background, writing correction markups

  • I would appreciate (it) if you could inform me as soon as possible
  • I would like to receive it as soon as possible but not later than a week before the flight
  • In what form?
  • You could send the above-mentioned information to my e-mail or a fax
  • It would be of great help if you could fax me the details
  • You can contact me on my mobile phone number which is: 0454 ...

I look forward to hearing from you!

  • I look forward to receiving a prompt reply!
  • Yours sincerely, ... (you know the name of person you are writing to)
  • Yours faithfully, ... (you don't know the name!)

Useful phrases

  • First of all, I would like to know
  • I would be grateful if you could inform me ...
  • I would appreciate it if ... / I would also like to know whether ...
  • I would be interested in knowing ...
  • I would be very grateful if you would/could reply as soon as possible
  • Thank you in advance for your assistance!
  • I look forward to your reply at your earliest convenience
  • The trip I refer to starts on March 12, 2022

IELTS Request Letter Sample (Corrected)

Begin as follows: Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to inquire about the Snap Fitness sports club.

My name is John Smith I am the a first year student at Western College. I was I have just announced discovered that my college does not provide any sports facilities as of yet. However, I found Snap Fitness to be the nearest sports club and thought would like to request for more information about it .

Firstly, I am wonder ing if you could possibly give me a small overview of the available facilities. It would be interesting to know whether the club offers some sports classes and personal training s etc sessions .

Secondly, I would be interested to know how big is the gym area is and what types of equipment are available.

Lastly, I am wonder ing what kind of membership programme the club offers. Do you have monthly ( or weekly ) based tickets available or do I need to sign a binding contract up for a longer period ?

I would appreciate it if you could send ( me ) the details to my email.

Yours faithfully,

(167 words)

Band Score Estimate (prior to corrections)

Brief comments:

You don't need to introduce yourself by name; what they want is for you to say who you are in relation to the sports club.

  • 'I was just announced' It was announced
  • 'just' is usually used only with the present perfect tense: 'I have just discovered'
  • 'think to + verb' is a very rare construction in English
  • a few grammar inaccuracies that don't affect comprehension
  • very clearly organised, fully answered and appropriate

IELTS teacher Claudia

"I have 7+ years of IELTS teaching experience . I will correct your grammar and give suggestions for more appropriate word use. I will give you tips on how to answer the question in the way the IELTS examiners expect." — Claudia, IELTS teacher from the UK


a person searching on web and taking notes

Types of Letters

person searching on web and taking notes

Job Application Letter

empty notebook

Complaint Letter

woman writing a formal letter

Business Letter

Request letter.

pen and paper

Informal Letter

ielts linking words, one missing puzzle piece

Linking words for IELTS

How it works.

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Whether you have any questions, want to leave feedback or discuss cooperation possibilities, do not hesitate to contact us. We are here to help and will answer as soon as possible. In the meantime, discover our site and let it help you smooth your IELTS journey and make your studies more efficient.

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Additional information about International Student Program reforms

Ottawa, February 5, 2024— Further information is being provided to clarify the announcement of an intake cap on new international study permit applications and other changes . International students make important contributions to Canada’s campuses, communities and economy; however, we have seen unsustainable growth in the International Student Program in recent years. These recently announced reforms will support sustainable population growth in Canada and improve system integrity, while helping to ensure that international students have a positive experience in Canada.

1. Cap and provincial attestation letter

As of 8:30 a.m. ET on January 22, 2024, most new post-secondary international students at the college or undergraduate level must provide a provincial attestation letter (PAL) from a province or territory with their study permit application. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will return any application received that does not include a PAL, unless otherwise exempt.

This attestation will serve as proof that the student has been accounted for under a provincial or territorial allocation within the national cap. Provinces and territories have been asked to have a plan in place for issuing PALs by March 31, 2024. The Government of Canada is working with the Government of Quebec to determine how the certificat d’acceptation du Québec pour études could serve as a PAL.

International students whose applications were received by IRCC before 8:30 a.m. on January 22, 2024, as well as those who have already been approved for a study permit and intend to travel to Canada for an upcoming program, do not need to take further action as a result of the cap.

Who needs a provincial attestation letter?

  • most post-secondary study permit applicants
  • most non-degree granting graduate programs (for example, certificate programs and graduate diplomas)
  • anyone else not included in the exception list below

Who doesn’t need a provincial attestation letter?

  • primary and secondary school students
  • master’s or doctoral degree students
  • visiting or exchange students
  • in-Canada study permit and work permit holders (includes study permit holders applying for an extension)
  • in-Canada family members of study permit or work permit holders
  • students whose application we received before 8:30 a.m. ET on January 22, 2024

2. Post-graduation work permit (PGWP) update for graduates of master’s degree programs

In recognition that graduates of master’s degree granting programs are excellent candidates to succeed in Canada’s labour market and potentially transition to permanent residence, we have made a change to the length of the PGWP, so that they have the opportunity to meet the required Canadian work experience in order to apply for their permanent residence.

Starting on February 15, 2024, a longer, 3-year post-graduation work permit will be available to those who are graduating from a master’s degree program that is less than 2 years and who meet all other PGWP eligibility criteria.

The length of PGWPs for programs other than master’s degrees will continue to align with the length of the study program, to a maximum of 3 years.

Who is eligible for a longer post-graduation work permit (PGWP)?

  • Graduates of programs that are at least two years in length at PGWP-eligible designated learning institutions are eligible for a 3-year PGWP, as are graduates of master’s degree programs less than 2 years in length.

3. PGWP eligibility for public-private partnership college programs

Some provinces allow public colleges to license their curriculum to be delivered by an affiliated private college. In these cases, students physically attend a private college, but graduate with a diploma from a public institution. Concerns have been raised with regard to the quality of education provided by these institutions, as well as the lack of sufficient student supports. The Auditor General of Ontario has also raised concerns about a lack of oversight into program quality and student services at these institutions.

As such, IRCC has made a change to restrict PGWPs for these institutions, anticipating that without the ability to apply for a PGWP, there will be a reduction in the number of international students enrolling in them.

Who is eligible for a PGWP after graduating from a public-private partnership college program?

  • International students currently enrolled will remain eligible for a PGWP if they meet other program eligibility criteria.

Who is not eligible for a PGWP after graduating from a public-private partnership college program?

  • New students enrolling in this type of program will not be eligible for a post-graduation work permit.

4. Changes to open work permit eligibility for spouses

In the coming weeks, eligibility for open work permits for the spouses and common-law partners of international students will be updated.

Who can get an open work permit?

  • Eligibility is limited to the spouses and common-law partners of students in graduate (master’s and doctorate) and professional degree–granting programs only.
  • Once these changes are in effect, spouses and common-law partners of international students seeking to extend their existing work permit will continue to be eligible under this stream.

Who will not be eligible for an open work permit?

  • The spouses and common-law partners of international students in other levels of study, including undergraduate and college programs, will no longer be eligible for an open work permit unless they already hold an open work permit under this stream.

Page details

Large hanging lights in a library

Culturally Sustaining Education (M.Ed. or Ph.D.)

What you can earn, credits earned, time commitment, upcoming deadline, join. center. sustain..

Our program seeks to join, center, and sustain the strengths, wisdom, histories, and futures of Indigenous, Black, Latinx, Asian, Pacific Islander and all global majority young people, families, Elders, communities and educators across multiple intersections with gender, disability, language, land, migration, class, and more.

Our program is designed to prepare students to serve as educators, collaborators, and advocates with schools, community organizations, colleges and universities, and other learning spaces and to facilitate, design, enact and/or engage in projects, courses, and programs that promote educational justice in all its forms.

The program is further designed to prepare scholars whose commitments span across disciplines (content/subject areas and academic disciplines), ages (grades/lifespan), and educational spaces (in school/beyond school) to approach teaching, learning, research, and leadership through a racial and intersectional justice and equity lens. We understand the ongoing projects of decolonization, liberation, and abolition as led by communities are central to our work in education. We are committed to learning alongside various culturally sustaining settings and we work to enact them in our own courses, research, and beyond.  We understand our program as always in the process of becoming, seeking to grow alongside our students and communities.

Doctoral candidate and Banks Center graduate assistant Doua Kha

After graduation

Graduates of this program can be found working in any institution or setting that has programs related to culturally sustaining education, educational justice, ethnic studies and other critical, equity- oriented fields of education.

Graduates of the doctoral program can be found in university faculty positions as well as in leadership roles across a wide range of educational settings.

Let's connect

We're excited that you're interested in our program! By joining our mailing list, you can receive updates on info sessions, deadlines, financial aid and more!

Connect with us

History of the program

Founded as the Multicultural Education Program under the visionary leadership of Dr. James A. Banks and Dr. Geneva Gay, our program has been an internationally recognized graduate program for several decades. It has been the intellectual home for countless graduates who have become leaders driving justice and equity in education. We are honored to carry forward the remarkable legacy of this graduate program.

Students work closely with their advisor to create a personalized and comprehensive program of study.

M.Ed. students create a tailored course of study plan that includes:

  • Foundations of Education (9 credits)
  • Culturally Sustaining Education or related fields (18 credits)
  • Ethnic Diversity credits outside the College of Education (12 credits)
  • Culminating experience (9 credits)

All course choices are to be negotiated with your adviser, who has the discretion to recommend or require certain courses depending on your background.

In order to earn their degree, students must adhere to the Graduate School's degree requirements , which include completing at least 18 credits at or above the 500 level and earning at least 18 graded credits. 

Ph.D. students work closely with their advisers to create highly tailored programs of study that include intermediate and advanced coursework in culturally sustaining education, educational justice, and related fields, as well as outside coursework to gain broader perspective and deeper insight into specialized topics.

During the first year, Ph.D. students collaborate closely with their advisors to create a personalized and comprehensive program of study which includes:

  • Identifying a research topic
  • Securing ways and means for taking part in the selected project
  • Selecting first-year courses
  • Preparing documentation for advancement to prospective candidacy

Admission requirements and process

  • A bachelor's degree is required for the Master of Education (M.Ed.) program
  • A master's degree is required for the doctorate program
  • Your degree can be in-process at the time of your application but must be completed before the program starts.
  • Include one from each institution from which you've earned a degree and one from every institution you have attended in the previous 5 years.
  • Your transcripts must include your name, coursework and degree (if completed)
  • If you are offered admission, the UW Graduate School will request an official transcript from your most recent degree earned

The UW Graduate School requires a cumulative GPA of 3.0, or 3.0 for your most recent 90 graded quarter credits (60 semester credits). However, we review your application holistically. If your GPA is below 3.0, contact us at [email protected] for advice on how to strengthen your overall application.

During the online application process, you will be given instructions for adding your recommenders and getting their letters submitted electronically.

A current academic and professional resume or vita is required. In addition to educational degrees and professional experience, you should include a listing of all relevant awards, publications, presentations or other achievements that will help us evaluate your application.

  • 1-2 pages for M.Ed.
  • 3-5 pages for Ph.D.

Admissions committees use your statement of purpose, along with other evidence, to determine whether your goals are well-matched with our our programs. Your statement should address goals, relevant experience, future plans and how the desired specific program meets your needs. Be sure to include personal experiences that have prepared you for the challenge of graduate school, topics like:

  • Scholarly interests
  • Career goals
  • Your match for the program
  • Faculty interests

While optional, you can add to your application by submitting a personal history statement with each application. This statement should address your intellectual growth and development, inclusive of and beyond your academic goals. Speak to topics like:

  • Educational, cultural and economic opportunities and disadvantages you've experienced
  • Ways these experiences affected the development of your special interests, career plans and future goals.

Statements should be no longer than two pages long. And while there are no standard formatting requirements, we encourage double-spaced text with a legible font.

Doctoral candidates must submit one sample of scholarly writing (e.g., course papers, articles, essays). The sample should demonstrate how well you can analyze or synthesize and critically reflect on information. The writing sample must have been written by you alone.

If you have no appropriate examples of scholarly writing, we urge you to consider preparing a medium-length (10-12 page) critical essay review of a book that you feel is central to your interests in education. The writing sample will be uploaded in your online application. Faculty will only review one writing sample. 

  • Gather all required documents
  • Visit the Graduate School website
  • Log into your account or create a new profile if you are a first-time applicant
  • Complete all steps in application process and upload your documents
  • You may request a fee waiver during the application process
  • Submit your application

When completing your application, you will select one of the following options:

  • M.Ed. applicants: Education - Seattle (MEd - Curriculum & Instruction)
  • Ph.D. applicants: Education - Seattle (PhD - Curriculum & Instruction) 

Here is our general timeline for decisions. Have questions about the process? Visit our graduate admissions page .

Step 1: Application processing

  • Within 7 business days after the deadline, we will check if your application if fully complete
  • We will email you whether your application is complete or incomplete
  • If your application is missing anything, you will have a short amount of time submit these items
  • You can also log into the online application and check your status and see any missing items

Step 2: Application review

  • Committees begin reviewing applications about three weeks after the deadline
  • You will receiving an email when your application has entered the review phase

Step 3: Decision notification

  • The final decision will be emailed to you
  • Your status will also be updated in the online application

We value and welcoming applications from international students! If you are applying from outside the United States, there are additional requirements and application materials.

  • At minimum, you must have the equivalent of a U.S. bachelor's degree (a four-year degree from an institution of recognized standing)
  • The national system of education in the foreign country
  • The type of institution
  • The field of study and level of studies completed
  • International transcripts must be submitted in the original language.
  • Your transcript should include date of graduation and title of the awarded academic degree
  • If your transcript is not in English, you must also provide a certified English translation
  • You do not need to have your transcript evaluated for the degree by an agency

Per  UW Graduate School policy , you must submit a demonstration of English language proficiency if your native language is not English and you did not earn a degree in one of the following countries:

  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • New Zealand
  • South Africa
  • Trinidad and Tobago

The following tests are accepted if the test was taken fewer than two years ago:

  • Minimum score: 80
  • Recommended score: 92+
  • The UW's 4-digit code is 4854
  • University of Washington All Campuses, Organisation ID 365, Undergrad & Graduate Admis, Box 355850, Seattle, WA, 98105, United States of America
  • Minimum score: 6.5
  • Recommended score: 7.0+
  • School information for submission: University of Washington, All Campuses Undergraduate & Graduate Admission Box 355850 Seattle, WA 98195
  • Minimum score: 105
  • Recommended score: 120+
  • Follow the instructions on the Duolingo website to submit your scores

If apply and are offered admission to UW, you will need to submit a statement of financial ability.

Costs and funding

We are a tuition-based program. Estimated tuition rates are based on your residency: 

  • Washington state residents: $19,584 per year
  • Out-of-state students: $35,352 per year

Estimates are subject to change and may differ due to course load and summer quarter enrollment. Estimates include building fees, technology fees, U-Pass, etc. Additional program-specific fees are not included in this estimate.

View the UW tuition dashboard → Visit the Office of Planning & Budgeting →

Federal financial aid is available for students. Visit the UW Financial Aid website for information and resources. The College of Education also provides scholarship and other funding opportunities.

Graduate Student General Scholarships

Affiliated research center.

The Banks Center for Educational Justice at the University of Washington is a central location for partnerships, program development, and collaborative research with educational settings that seek to center and sustain Native, Black, Latinx, Asian and Pacific Islander young people and communities across multiple intersections with gender, disability, language, land, migration, class, and more.

Program Director

Django Paris

Django Paris

Program faculty.

Maribel Santiago

Maribel Santiago

Shanee Washington

Shaneé A. Washington


  1. IELTS Sample Letters

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  3. Semi-Formal Letter Writing for IELTS

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  4. IELTS Sample Letter

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  5. ielts Sample Letters With Answers

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  1. IELTS Writing Task 1

  2. IELTS writing Vocabulary

  3. Ielts letter A vocabulary ||Ielts AtoZ vocabulary ||ielts writing practice ||ielts band8 vocabulary

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  1. IELTS General Writing Task 1: Job Application Letter

    IELTS Job Application Letter is a formal or semi-formal type of letter . There are usually 3 tasks you have to address in the letter. Here is an example how the task may look like: WRITING TASK 1 (General) You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. During a recent plane journey, you sat next to a businessman who owns a chain of restaurants.

  2. IELTS Writing Task 1: How to write a job application letter

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  3. Nail IELTS Writing Task 1: Craft a Job Application Letter

    IELTS Writing Task 1- Job application letter Emma Jul 25, 2022 • 5 min read The good thing about this task is that you might be more familiar with it than some of its counterparts (like a complaint letter, or letter of advice), but we still need to go through how we write it for the IELTS exam. What you will gain by reading this post:

  4. Apply to a job Letter

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  5. IELTS Letter Writing Samples

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  6. IELTS Letter

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  7. IELTS Sample Letters for Writing Task 1

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  8. IELTS Essay: Application Letter

    1. Dear John, 2. I am writing to inform you of my desire to apply for the position of assistant to the regional manager and ask your advice as to my suitability for this role. 3. The job opening was advertised in a recent company-wide memo and would involve working for Ted Johnson, who holds your equivalent position in the Lynn district.

  9. IELTS General Writing Task 1: Job application letter

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  10. IELTS General Task 1 Sample Questions and Essays

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  11. IELTS Letter Writing Tips: Essential Top 10 Tips

    You will need a full 40 mins for task 2, so don't go over 20 mins for task 1. It is your responsibility to control the time in your writing test. Keep your eye on the clock. You should write over 150 words (aim for between 160 and 180 to be safe). Writing a letter over 200 words is a waste of time.

  12. IELTS Writing Task 1: How to write a job application letter

    When writing your job application letter, remember to: Present a clear purpose - why you are writing the letter. Use the correct tone. Address all three bullet points completely and relevantly. Write in letter format. Let's look at the following sample task. And before you read the tips that follow, think about how you would approach this ...

  13. A job application letter IELTS General Writing Task 1

    IELTS General Writing Task 1: a job application letter. By ieltsetc on December 23, 2019. This lesson will take you through 10 simple steps to help you write a job application for IELTS General Writing Task 1. Thank you for your interest in my IELTS lessons and tips. Come and join the Bronze Membership to access this fabulous lesson and lots more.

  14. IELTS Sample Letters How To Write a Request Letter

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    1. Possible qualifications or reasons for you to be hired 2. Your energy and enthusiasm for the job 3. Your past experience in a similar position. To whom it may concern, I am writing to express my interest in the position of Lead Software Engineer that was advertised in The Times newspaper on 24/09/2017.

  17. IELTS Writing Task 1: How to write a job application letter

    Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir or Madam Find the situation and purpose of the letter Make sure you read the task carefully to understand the situation and purpose of the letter. Pausing for a moment to analyse the task, highlight key points or take notes will help you build a logical background story and make it easier to write the letter.

  18. IELTS Sample Letters: Informal, Semi-Formal, and Formal

    Write at least 150 words You do NOT need to write any addresses Begin your letter as follows: Dear…….., Model Answer Dear Mr Strickland, I am writing to you to request that you allow me to pay my rent late this month. The reason is that I am having a few financial problems at the moment.

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  21. Write a letter of application

    Write a letter to the organisation. In your letter. explain what type of voluntary work you would be interested in doing. describe any skills and experience you have in this area. request more information and an interview. Write at least 150 words.

  22. Formal IELTS Letters

    Planning a Formal Letter. People don't normally plan letters but in the IELTS test you really should. In fact, I have met very few students who wrote a band 9 letter and didn't make a plan before writing. As you can see above, all task 1 questions on the General Training paper follow the same format. They will first tell you the situation ...

  23. IELTS General Writing Task 1

    WRITING TASK 1 (General) You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. You have just started a course in a college which has no sports facilities of its own. Write a letter to the manager of the nearest private sports club. In your letter. Write at least 150 words. You do NOT need to write any addresses.

  24. Additional information about International Student Program reforms

    Cap and provincial attestation letter. As of 8:30 a.m. ET on January 22, 2024, most new post-secondary international students at the college or undergraduate level must provide a provincial attestation letter (PAL) from a province or territory with their study permit application. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will return ...

  25. Culturally Sustaining Education

    However, we review your application holistically. If your GPA is below 3.0, contact us at [email protected] for advice on how to strengthen your overall application. Three letters of recommendation. During the online application process, you will be given instructions for adding your recommenders and getting their letters submitted electronically.

  26. Gateway International on Instagram: "Study in Canada Under 11 Lakhs!

    1,002 likes, 8 comments - gatewayinternational on November 23, 2023: "Study in Canada Under 11 Lakhs! Discover Your Path with: Campuses in Toronto and Vanc..."