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Preparing for the Debate Speech
- In a team, there are at least 3 speakers and a representative who is often the last one to speak to present a summary of the points that were being made earlier at the end of the debate round. Each speaker is given a minimum of 4 to 5 minutes as a first speaker to deliver his or her piece to the audience for that certain side.
- Each speaker then present arguments against the earlier pro or con speech that was just read. While either the affirmative side or the negative side speakers deliver their side, the opposing party’s speakers must listen carefully and attentively as to be able to deliver counter arguments. There are often segments involving crossfire, in which the debaters are allowed to ask questions and openly debate the topic. This may be called a Point of Information, and occurs when someone from the other team interrupts to ask a question or make a point.
- Since debate teams are normally in a team of three or four, it would be best if you actually worked hand in hand to help figure this out. Whether you are in the affirmative or negative side, you must consider all the possibilities that your opponent might use against you. Once you are prepared for that, you can be ready for anything. Try listing down the pros and cons of the said issue itself. There are some points of the issue that the opposing side might choose. Distinguish on what seems to be the strongest and most probable argument they might use and develop countermeasures.
- Research is everything. Without proper research, then you are screwed for reporting unverified information. As U.S. President Donald Trump would say, “Fake news!” Thanks to the Internet, any piece of information that you would wish to know can be immediately found within milliseconds. But make no mistake, do not believe everything that you read on the Internet, especially when you know it came from a random blog or just another opinion. When you claim something from the Internet, best make sure it came from a scholarly journal or at most from a legitimate government site when collecting and gathering data.
- You will also want to deal with the strongest arguments on the other side in your speech. Ignoring the other side’s best arguments can weaken your rhetorical appeal.
- Basic debate speech outline would normally contain four parts: an introduction, a thesis argument, your chosen key points to back your stance up, and a conclusion. Should there be a need to define some key words that are not clear for the judges, do so.
- You can break each of those four part into subcategories. It’s often a good idea to write the introduction and conclusion last, focusing on the thesis argument and the evidence to back it up first.
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Writing the Debate Speech
- Do not forget that debates are formal and are meant to be serious. So make sure that your introduction must show the same level of professionalism. You can always start with “Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.”
- First impressions matter. That is a fact. And when your good impressions manage to get the attention of the judges, you are then off to a good start as it will often lead them to assume the debater is persuasive. One technique to write a strong introduction is to contextualize the topic, especially in relation to real world events.
- Introductions can also focus on prominent examples, quotations, or on a personal anecdote that can help establish a rapport with the audience and judges.
- When stating your stance, make sure that you do it early on. Do not wait for the judges and the audience to find out which side you belong to at the very end. It needs to be extremely clear whether you affirm or negate the resolution, so don’t try to confuse and eventually contradict yourself in the middle of the debate.
- In every speech, the body or the “meat” of the speech is always the most important part. But keep in mind that you will only be given a short span of time for you to say your piece before time runs out (give or take, you have at least 3 ½ minutes and 30 seconds for an opening and for a conclusion, depending on the given rules of the debate).
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Concluding the Debate Speech
- Another good way to close a speech is through the use of quotations as well. Going back to the summation of the key arguments that was presented earlier is also recommended.
- Although you want to memorize the speech, and may use notes or your outline when giving it, it needs to sound natural and not too rehearsed. The key to giving a good debate speech is research. You will need to think on your feet to counter opposing arguments.
- Use a clear, loud voice, and be careful to watch pacing. You don’t want to speak too loud or too slowly. Remember that confidence goes a long way toward persuasion.
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Creating Your Basic Outline
- Try not to keep relying on the Internet as it is not a guarantee that all the sources you find are legitimate. Go visit libraries or use whatever educational resources that you can utilize from documentaries to e-books even.
- For every supporting piece of evidence you find for your case, try to find another piece of evidence to counter it. This will help you build your argument later.
- If you think you already have enough points on your side of the argument, limit them at that. Because the more spread out your key points are, the likelihood of not finding enough evidence or supporting facts of those key points increases.
- First thing you have to learn is subdividing your information. The main headings will probably consist of arguments, while subheadings will most likely contain different pieces of supporting evidence.
- Use correct symbols. Each level of the outline has a particular symbol to use. The main headings will use Roman numerals (I, II, III, IV). Subheadings use capital letters (A, B, C). Sub-sub headings use Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3). Keep these consistent throughout your outline.
- Indent each level. Indentation helps you follow the line of argument and keeps your outline organized.
- If you have a fairly lengthy debate planned, break up your case evidence into categorical sections. For example, you could have legal, moral, and economic support for your case.
- Aim to have a minimum of three supporting facts or pieces of evidence in your case outline.
- In debates in particular, quality is better than quantity.
- Look to find rebuttals for both the individual parts of their argument in addition to the whole of it. This will fortify your position in the debate.
- Many times their argument will be the opposite of yours, so while your argument lists the pros, theirs is listing the cons of a particular value. If you pay attention to this, you will be able to not only prove their side of the argument invalid, but also help to further promote your own.
- Add detail to your outline. When you have made a bare bones outline of your case and rebuttals, begin adding a bit more detail that will benefit either essay writing or debating on the subject. Keep the outline form of headers, sections, and bulleted lists, but write in complete sentences, add in helpful questions and evidence, and make your argument more well rounded than just a list of a few words.
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Writing an Argument Essay
- Is the death penalty appropriate? Or should it be banned?
- Should cell phones be used during class?
- Should laptops be allowed in classrooms?
- Is global warming an issue?
- Is there good reason for the American war on terrorism?
- Does school detention do any good in high schools?
- Are video games containing violence appropriate for children?
- Is television an effective tool in building the minds of children?
- Is the grading system used in high school effective?
- Do celebrities get away with more crime than non-celebrities?
- Is it effective to censor parts of the media?
- Are alternative energy sources effective and justified?
- Is drug testing athletes justified?
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How to Write a Good Debate Essay
When the word “debate” occurs in an essay title, you are being asked to examine a subject in which there are opposing views. The aim is that your essay will lead to support for one side, based on clear argument, effective judgement and justification for the decisions presented and arguments presented. The foundation of a good debate essay is effectively completing research combined with being able to refer to facts and credible information. The biggest challenge is to remain unemotional, whilst still persuading your audience of the validity of the arguments you are making in support of your chosen side.
Writing your debate essay
Your introduction should ensure that your reader understands what topic is being debated and encourage them to read more. One effective way to start is with a question, which sets the stage for you to state your position on the subject (your thesis statement). For example, “Does online learning creates laziness in students?”.
The aim is that your readers will have an immediate answer to the question, and this then drives the arguments you are presenting. An alternative approach is to refute a statement, framing the subject negatively, for example, “There are studies which suggest online learning creates laziness, however, studies have shown that online learning actually increases motivation”. In this case you are encouraging the reader to support your argument. In both cases, you have set a foundation with your introduction which needs to be built on by effective arguments and evidence.
The body text of your debate essay should be separated into paragraphs, each one of which will cover a different reason / rationale for the viewpoint you set out in your introduction. For each point you should provide back-up information from credible sources, which demonstrates that you have evaluated evidence before drawing a conclusion and opinion. Each paragraph should introduce your argument for or against, depending on your perspective, and include where appropriate, statistical evidence, illustrative data and clearly referenced sources. A good tip with a debate essay is to also present the counterargument for your point and refute it with viable sources to demonstrate why it is incorrect, demonstrating your understanding of the subject. The structure of the body text should be logical, moving from one argument to another with effective connections such as “Furthermore”, “Notwithstanding”, “Moreover” or similar to ensure coherence of argument.
The conclusion to your debate essay should be a summing up of all the positive points you have made, reaffirming your stance on the issue and should refer back to your thesis statement or original question. This enables you to demonstrate that you have effectively provided a strong justification for your point of view and in so doing, persuaded the reader of the accuracy of your perspective and opinion.
Key Words for a Debate Essay
- In the same way
- On the other hand
- On the contrary
- In consequence
Tips For Writing A Debate Essay
An argumentative paper depends on various aspects that can either build the conversation or break it. Here is how to write a debate essay step by step and get your point through in a convincing manner:
- Choose the topic wisely. Make sure it is a controversial topic that can have a debate both ways. You can pick any topic from child education to medicinal marijuana. The topic itself needs to have a compelling pull to keep the audience involved.
- Once the topic is decided, figure out which side you are on. For topics like domestic violence, most people will be against it, but you can still create an argument around it confidently.
- Make sure you have done your research to articulate the facts and stats which go both in favour and against the topic. Your opponents may have a different perspective than you, but if you have solid grounds that can prove your stance, you can make them agree with you.
- Know your audience. The readers of your essay will be very crucial to you building your argument. If you are writing a term paper, you may focus more on sentence building, structuring, and formatting. But if you are drafting for a competition, you need solid supporting research which can be cited and argued.
- Have your facts ready. Without figures and numbers, a paper loses credibility. It becomes more of an opinion-piece than a debate essay grounded in facts.
- The last, the most important factor. Select an issue you are most passionate about. If you feel strongly about it, you will be able to express your thoughts and also be able to research it with dedication.
Consider these tips combined when you think about how to make a debate essay convincing and interesting. Don’t forget, your opponent may not agree at all with your verdict, but at least you would present your vision with strong arguments and leave a good impression on the readers.
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How to Begin a Debate
Last Updated: March 28, 2023 Fact Checked
This article was co-authored by Lynn Kirkham . Lynn Kirkham is a Professional Public Speaker and Founder of Yes You Can Speak, a San Francisco Bay Area-based public speaking educational business empowering thousands of professionals to take command of whatever stage they've been given - from job interviews, boardroom talks to TEDx and large conference platforms. Lynn was chosen as the official TEDx Berkeley speaker coach for the last four years and has worked with executives at Google, Facebook, Intuit, Genentech, Intel, VMware, and others. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 946,161 times.
Opening a debate the right way will make your audience more interested and help you win your argument. Before your debate , take the time to prepare a solid opening that will win people over.
Grabbing the Audience's Attention
- Your story should capture the essence of your debate . It could explore, for example, the challenges you have faced in relation to the topic, how you overcame these challenges, and the lessons you learned.
- For example, "As a person who suffers from seizures, medical marijuana was a saving grace. My family and I had to move across to the country in order for me to get treated, but it was worth the risk. My seizures decreased from five seizures a day to only one seizure per week."
- Make sure that the story comes from your heart rather than your head. If you're just regurgitating a story from memory, it's not going to land with the audience.
- You can ask, for example, “Would you like to see a loved one suffer for no reason at all?”
- You can say, for example, “A billion tons of plastic are floating in the ocean right now. That is enough plastic to make an island the size of Hawaii.” Then, proceed to talk about the issue and explain to your audience why your resolution is the best one.
- For example, imagine you are giving a speech on why you think higher education is unnecessary for succeeding in life. You could open with, “Mark Twain once said, ‘Don’t let school interfere with your education.’”
- Make sure that quote comes from your heart and feels authentic. It must speak to you and your audience while also making a point.
- For example, if you are arguing that climate change is real, show a before and after picture of a glacier that has been affected by excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Beginning the Debate
- Identify the key terms in your argument and look up their definitions in a range of dictionaries. Choose the most appropriate definition for each word. You want to pick a definition that is neutral and conventional.
- Your definitions can be literal, as well as contextualized. Contextualized definitions add examples of how the concept applies to the real world. For example, a contextualized definition of money would show that money is used to buy services, such as food and gas.
- For example, “My team and I will show you the need, practicality, and benefits of medicinal marijuana. Together we will show that thousands of patients, including young children, who suffer from seizures, find relief in medicinal marijuana. Studies show that medicinal marijuana reduces instances of seizures by 80%. Furthermore, the side effects of medicinal marijuana are not as severe as the side effects that come with conventional forms of medication used to treat seizures, particularly for children. We will show that medicinal marijuana is a practical, safe, and cost-effective solution for patients and their families.”
- In order to demonstrate that your team's policy will work, use policies that have already been enacted as the basis of your policy. For example, you can highlight that a ban on using cellphones while driving is similar to the ban on drinking while driving.
- Try to focus on three important reasons for why the policy is needed or needs to change.  X Trustworthy Source American Psychological Association Leading scientific and professional organization of licensed psychologists Go to source
Presenting the Debate
- Greet your audience by saying, “Good morning faculty and staff. The topic of today’s debate is student parking,” or “Good morning teachers and students. Thank you for taking the time to come to this debate. Today, the topic is student parking.”
- State what your side is arguing by saying, “We believe enrolled students should not have to pay for a parking pass to park on campus,” or “We believe enrolled students should pay for a parking pass to park on campus.”
- Explain the speakers' roles by saying, “As the first speaker, I will be defining key terms and outlining our main argument. Our second speaker will explain the supporting reasons for our argument, and our third speaker will summarize our argument.”
- Remember to maintain eye contact with an audience at the end of a sentence.
- Hold eye contact with an individual for only three to five seconds, then move on to someone else.
- Practice holding eye contact with someone you know for a minute or two. Repeat the exercise 5 or 6 times—that will really help a lot.
- Also, remember to take pauses. Pauses allow you to catch your breath and plan what you will say next. They also allow your audience to process what you have just said.
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- Give yourself a pep talk by looking at yourself in the mirror. Tell yourself that you're awesome, that you're a great speaker, that you believe in yourself, and that you appreciate yourself. Thanks Helpful 10 Not Helpful 2
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- ↑ https://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/01/stories
- ↑ https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato-rhetoric/
- ↑ https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/quantitative
- ↑ https://positivepsychology.com/positive-psychology-quotes/
- ↑ https://open.lib.umn.edu/businesscommunication/chapter/11-4-visual-aids/
- ↑ https://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/summarizing
- ↑ https://www.apa.org/advocacy/guide
- ↑ https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/cutting-edge-leadership/201404/5-secret-powers-eye-contact
- ↑ https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/communication-success/201911/do-you-talk-too-fast-how-to-slow-down
About This Article
The best way to start a debate is to open with a bold rhetorical question, a touching personal story that’s relevant to your argument, or a shocking statistic. Once you have your audience’s attention, define the key terms you’ll be using in your debate and summarize your case. For tips on presenting your argument, like how long to maintain eye contact with audience members, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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Report Writing: Inter-School Debate Competition
A couple of examples to help with your report writing on inter-school debate competition!
Table of Contents
Inter-school debate competitions are an excellent platform for students to showcase their critical thinking, public speaking, and analytical skills. Such competitions are not only important for a student’s academic growth but also play a significant role in their personal development. It helps to boost their confidence and provides them with an opportunity to express their opinions and ideas in a structured and organized manner.
The first round of the competition consisted of several schools from across the district. The topic of the debate was “Should students be allowed to use mobile phones in schools?” Each school was represented by two participants, who had to present their arguments in front of a panel of judges. The participants were evaluated based on their content, delivery, and overall performance. The judges were looking for a well-constructed argument, supported by relevant evidence, and delivered with conviction.
After a rigorous selection process, the top two teams advanced to the final round of the competition. The final round was a much-anticipated event, and the topic of the debate was “Should social media platforms be held accountable for spreading fake news?” The finalists had to present their arguments in front of a larger audience, including students, teachers, and parents. The atmosphere was electric, and the participants had to contend with some tough questions from the audience. However, they remained composed and delivered their arguments with confidence.
The final round was a closely contested affair, but in the end, the team from St. Mary’s High School emerged as the winners. The judges were impressed with their well-structured arguments, supported by relevant evidence, and delivered with conviction. The runners-up, from St. Joseph’s School, also put up an excellent performance and were commended by the judges. Overall, the competition was a resounding success, and all the participants were praised for their hard work, dedication, and commitment to the art of debating.
In conclusion, inter-school debate competitions provide an excellent platform for students to develop their critical thinking, public speaking, and analytical skills. It not only helps to boost their confidence but also provides them with an opportunity to express their opinions and ideas in a structured and organized manner. Such competitions are a testament to the importance of extracurricular activities in a student’s overall growth and development.
The Inter-School Debate Competition was held last week at the city hall, and it was a highly anticipated event. The competition saw the participation of twelve schools from the city, and the judges included esteemed members of the academic community. The atmosphere was electric as the participants and audience eagerly awaited the start of the competition.
The first round of debates saw the participants engage in intense discussions on various topics ranging from climate change to social media. The participants were well-prepared and presented their arguments with conviction and clarity. The judges were impressed with the performances and had a tough time selecting the winners. The audience was also captivated by the debates and cheered on their favorite participants.
The final round of the competition was a nail-biting finish, with the top two schools competing for the championship. The participants were given a topic on the importance of education, and they presented their arguments with passion and eloquence. The judges had a tough time deciding the winner, and the tension in the hall was palpable. Finally, after much deliberation, the winner was announced, and the audience erupted in applause.
In conclusion, the Inter-School Debate Competition was a huge success, and it showcased the intellectual prowess and eloquence of the young minds of our city. The participants displayed remarkable confidence and maturity, and the judges were highly impressed with their performances. The competition was a testament to the importance of critical thinking and effective communication skills, and we look forward to more such events in the future.
Inter-school debate competitions are an excellent platform for students to showcase their debating skills and enhance their knowledge on various topics. These competitions provide an opportunity for students to engage in healthy discussions and develop their critical thinking abilities. In this essay, I will describe the inter-school debate competition, highlighting the competition venue, participants, and debate topics.
The competition venue is a spacious auditorium with bright lighting, a raised stage, and comfortable seating arrangements for participants and the audience. The auditorium is equipped with the latest technology, including microphones and projectors, which facilitate effective communication between participants and the audience. The seating arrangement is such that the participants sit on one side of the stage, while the audience sits on the other side. The competition venue is well-maintained and provides a conducive environment for healthy debates.
The participants in the debate competition are well-dressed, confident, and equipped with persuasive arguments and counter-arguments, representing their respective schools. They come from diverse backgrounds and possess a range of skills, including research, public speaking, and critical thinking. The participants are selected through a rigorous screening process, ensuring that only the best debaters represent their schools. The participants are respectful towards each other and engage in healthy discussions, promoting a culture of intellectual exchange.
The debate topics in inter-school competitions are current and relevant issues, ranging from politics to social issues. Each participant is given a fair chance to present their viewpoints and rebut opposing arguments. The topics are designed to challenge the participants’ knowledge and critical thinking abilities, encouraging them to think beyond their comfort zones. The judges evaluate the participants based on their content, delivery, and rebuttal skills, ensuring that the competition is fair and transparent.
In conclusion, inter-school debate competitions provide an excellent platform for students to develop their critical thinking abilities and enhance their knowledge on various topics. The competition venue, participants, and debate topics are carefully selected to ensure a conducive environment for healthy debates. Such competitions promote a culture of intellectual exchange and prepare students for real-world challenges.
An English teacher from Scotland, currently based in Hong Kong, teaching in an International Kindergarten and tutoring Primary students. Owner of Mr Greg's English Cloud & Eczemafeed
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Debate Speech - Ultimate Writing Guide for Students
19 min read
Published on: Jan 25, 2019
Last updated on: Nov 15, 2023
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Struggling to compose an impactful debate speech that captivates your audience and secures a win?
You're not alone. Crafting a persuasive and well-structured debate speech is a challenge faced by numerous students. The process of articulating your thoughts, organizing arguments can be challenging.
However, fear not! This blog post is your comprehensive guide, presenting a step-by-step approach to empower you in constructing a debate speech. We’ve included examples and tips to make sure your speech captures attention and ensures a compelling and victorious performance.
So, keep reading.
On This Page On This Page
A debate speech is a structured argument about a particular topic. It is conducted according to the set of rules designed to give each team a fair chance. Therefore, following a proper structure in debate writing is essential for the debater and the audience.
Similarly, there are also some other methods to write an effective debate. By understanding them, you will increase the chances of your success. Moreover, setting a tone and correct word choice is also essential to grab the audience’s and judges’ attention.
We have drafted this detailed guide to help students with their debate speeches. Continue reading to get an idea about the complete format and template.
Debate Speech Definition
A debate speech is a formal discussion on a particular topic between two opposing sides. One side speaks in favor of the given topic, while the other one speaks against it. The main aim of a debate speech is to convince the audience that your opinion is right.
Also, the two main factors that determine the definition of a debate speech are:
- Context - It identifies the happenings in the area related to the topic.
- Spirit of the Motion - It tells how your debate is going to be.
It involves three basic elements given below.
- Logical consistency
- Factual accuracy
- Emotional appeal
Similarly, debate speech allows us to think about different perspectives and improves public speaking skills. It can further make you learn the basics of creating a persuasive argument.
Debate Speech Format
A debate speech format follows the below pattern.
Opening Statements and Clarification
This section includes the opening sentences by using three arguments along with clarifying questions.
- Pro Team - 5 minutes
- Con Team - 2 minutes
- Con Team - 5 minutes
- Pro Team - 2 minutes
Rebuttals (No New Arguments)
Here, the debaters repeat the opponent’s arguments and analyze what is wrong with his position.
- Pro Team - 3 minutes
- Con Team - 3 minutes
It allows the debaters to summarize their positions after detailed arguments with the opponents. Moreover, they will also explain why their position is the best.
Lastly, each team will be expected to answer the questions in a 20-minute long session.
Have a look at the below document to get an idea of the debate speech structure.
Debate Writing Speech Template
How to Start a Debate Speech?
Starting your debate in the right way will make your audience more interested. Thus, take enough time to prepare a solid opening that will help you win the debate.
Follow the below prewriting steps to start a debate speech.
Below given is a detailed description of these steps.
Begin with an Impressive Greeting
The first and foremost step is to start your debate speech with an amazing greeting. It is much more than a simple introduction of a topic and gives an idea of the main argument.
Similarly, it also alerts the audience on whether the debate speech is going to be interesting or not. Remember, a compelling greeting will help you gain maximum attention from the listeners.
An example of the greeting is stated below.
“A very cheerful good morning to all. Honorable juries/adjudicators, respected teachers, and my fellow competitors. Today I would like to light my views supporting (if you are in favor) /opposing (if you are against) the motion/topic (say your topic).”
Tell a Personal Story
You can also tell a personal story from your experiences. It will help you connect with the audience emotionally. Moreover, being authentic and genuine will also make your debate stand out.
“When I was a child growing up in rural England, I came to accept how clean and unpolluted it was. It was when I moved to the city where I enrolled in a University. Little did I realize that air pollution and excessive waste was a big problem…”
State an Amazing Fact
Stating the facts and statistical data will also grab the audience’s attention. Similarly, it can also improve your position by strengthening the arguments.
“The economy does not work for everyone. The average person in the UK only has 12 weeks’ worth of their income saved in the bank…”
Use a Powerful Quotation
You can also summarize a topic or idea by using the words of other people. It is a great way to add weight and reputation to your argument.
“Over the last 20 years, the number of people who are keenly changing their diet is steadily on the rise. Ellen DeGeneres notably became a vegan, as she said in her own words after seeing “footage of what goes on in the slaughterhouses and on the dairy farm.” The notion that eating meat is becoming less important…”
Ask a Rhetorical Question
Starting a debate speech with a question will engage people and make them think in a specific mind frame.
“Have you ever wondered how important the ocean is in our lives? The oceans provide half the oxygen we breathe and feed more than 2 billion people each day…”
State a Problem
A debater can give a clear picture of the main argument by stating a problem.
“The internet is a danger to society. It’s clear that our global civilization is coming of age. We are communicating faster, doing business quicker, and learning volumes.
Even the trade in black market goods and services is not diminishing. What we choose to do with the internet can change the world.”
Share Your Opinion About the Topic
Lastly, a debater must share his opinion on the topic while starting a debate speech. It will help the audience to comprehend the side we are going to argue about.
“Ladies and gentlemen, I would like to talk to you today about exams. The exam system that we have followed is the British system has been reformed many times. A big exam at the age of eleven determined a child’s whole future.
Here, I will argue that the problem is that exams, besides being stressful, are ineffective in assessing student learning.”
Refer to the example to learn more about how to start a debate speech 1st speaker.
Debate Speech Example for 1st Speaker
How to Write a Debate Speech?
Follow the steps given below to write a debate speech.
Understand the Debate Speech
Understanding the debate speech and its nature is the first step in the writing process. Here, both the opposing teams will be given a topic. Choose the stance, either affirmative or negative, to the resolution.
Sometimes you will be given a stance, and other times you will be asked to take a position. Also, select the types of debate that you want to pursue. It can be a team policy debate, cross-examination, or parliamentary debating.
Research the Topic Thoroughly
The next step is to brainstorm and research the topic thoroughly. It will help you understand all the aspects of the resolution to write a perfect speech.
Make a list of the key points on both sides of the topic. Try to cover each in your debate speech. However, make sure to use credible sources such as newspapers, books, and scholarly journals.
Also, do not ignore the counter-arguments as they can weaken your debate.
Develop a Debate Speech Outline
Develop an outline for your debate speech to organize your main ideas. A basic speech outline consists of three main sections, i.e., introduction, body, and conclusion.
A detailed explanation of these sections is given below.
Debate Speech Introduction: It is the first section of a debate outline. Below are the four main parts that must be included in a debate speech introduction.
- An Attention Grabber: It is an interesting first sentence to grab the audience’s attention. Examples may contain a fact, quote, question, or story.
- Open the Debate: Open your debate by introducing a topic and make a clear statement to identify your position. It can be in favor of or against the issue under discussion. Here, the debaters should also define and explain difficult debate terms that the audience needs to understand.
- Present the Context: Present the context of your debate speech with the help of a thesis statement . It will clearly explain your position on the topic and which side you are supporting. Furthermore, you can also discuss any real-life experiences that can relate to the topic.
- Provide an Overview of Your Arguments: Briefly state your arguments to help the audience understand the direction of your speech. However, do not explain the arguments in this section. Also, use transitions so that the major argument does not merge in the middle of a speech.
The example of a debate speech introduction is given below.
Debate Speech Body Paragraphs
The body paragraphs are the main section of your debate speech. Here the judges will take notes of your significant arguments to compare them with the opponents at the end.
Each paragraph must include a statement to discuss the ideas that you want to make. Also, add a reason to support your thesis and explain more about the argument. However, do not forget to add evidence from credible sources to strengthen your argument.
Finally, explain the significance of your argument. It should discuss why the argument is important to the debaters and the judges. Moreover, it must also provide logical reasoning for the audience to choose your side.
Below is an example of a debate speech body paragraph.
Debate Speech Conclusion
The conclusion of your debate speech is the last chance to demonstrate the major arguments. It includes an attention-grabbing sentence and a thesis statement that connects the entire speech. Also, summarize the main body by adding emotion and drama to our words.
It is good to conclude your speech & debate with a message or quote that clarifies your position and arguments to the judges. Finally, add a closing sentence similar to the attention grabber to leave a lasting impression on the audience.
The following is an example of a good debate speech conclusion.
Structure for Debate Speech
Writing the Debate Speech
After deciding on the outline format, start writing the final draft of your debate. It is better to combine the elements of persuasion to explain the effects of the topic in real life. These are:
- Logos (persuasion by reasoning)
- Pathos (emotional appeal)
- Ethos (appeal based on the character of a speaker)
Furthermore, use transition words to maintain a logical flow between arguments. Never make the mistake of copying information from any other source. It is the best tip to avoid plagiarism.
Lastly, edit and proofread your work to identify any common errors. It may include grammatical, punctuation, and spelling mistakes.
You can also hire a professional proofreader or ask your friends or colleagues to proofread it. This is how you will be able to produce an amazing debate speech.
How to End a Debate Speech?
It is better to end your debate speech by identifying whether you have incorporated all the elements. Here is a checklist for you to access your speech with the help of the following questions.
- Does your debate speech begin with an impressive greeting?
- Have you written the original content in your debate essay?
- Have you provided personal experiences and a call to action to impress the judges?
- Do your speech and debate follow a proper format structure?
- Have you stated your opinion about the topic?
- Does it specify the correct types of debate that you want to pursue?
- Have you referred to a well-known book or movie?
- Do your arguments follow a restricted time limit?
- Have you proofread and revise your speech for punctuation, spelling, and grammar mistakes?
- Have you used an impressive sentence structure?
- Have you maintained consistency and logical flow between the arguments?
Follow these debating techniques to write a perfect one in no time. Check the example for a detailed understanding of the concept.
Examples to End a Debate Speech
Debate Speech Examples
The following are some debate speech samples and examples for you to get a better idea.
Sample for Debate Speech
Example for Debate Speech
Debate Speech Text Example
Debate Speech Example - Second Speaker
Debate Speech Example - Last Speaker
Get more debate examples by going through our blog.
Debate Speech Topics
Here are some unique topic ideas for you to write a debate on.
- Credit cards are more harmful than debit cards.
- We are becoming too dependent on technology.
- Marriage is an outdated concept.
- Homework is necessary with regard to the learning process.
- Being a college graduate in the United States is necessary for a successful career.
- It is a good idea to have laptops in classrooms.
- Facebook is a better social platform than Twitter.
- Cell phones can be used as educational tools.
- Junk food must be banned in high schools and colleges.
- The Prime minister of any state enjoys more power than the president.
If you are looking for more ideas, here is a list of interesting debate topics .
The Key to Winning a Debate
To do well in a debate, you need to research and prepare. This means spending a lot of time writing and rewriting your speeches.
However, you can't just prewrite everything and expect to win. You also need to be able to think on your feet, write quickly, and respond promptly if you want to win.
To do this, you need to understand the keys to victory.
Always Listen to the Opponent Carefully
Being a good listener is one of the most important debating skills our students can have. When we think of winning a debate, we often think of dazzling the audience with our brilliance. But, being quiet and listening to others is often more important.
If students do not listen to the other side, they will not know what the other side is saying. They will not be able to refute the claims of the opposition effectively if they do not know what those claims are.
Understand the Audience
Before giving a speech, it is important to know who your audience is. Students should learn that the way they present their arguments may be different depending on the demographics of the audience and/or the judges they will be speaking to.
People who have retired from teaching and people who are still in school might have different reactions to the same arguments. This is also true during a debate.
If the person giving the speech sees that the listeners are not reacting well, they should change their approach during the speech.
Practice is the Key to Success
The students should practice their speech before the debate. There is no need to learn it by heart entirely.
Usually, there is no expectation to memorize a speech entirely. Doing so can lead to the speaker losing some of their spontaneity and power in their delivery. However, students should not spend the whole speech reading off a piece of paper word by word.
Students should be familiar with the content of their speech and use flashcards as prompts if necessary.
They should also focus on making their body language, facial expressions, and hand gestures coherent with the verbal content of their speech. One way to do this is to practice delivering their speech in front of a mirror.
The above guide will help you understand the writing process of a debate speech. But, despite that, not everyone can draft perfect content. Therefore, many students end up taking writing help online.
However, due to a lack of resources, they often get stuck with unprofessional services. Most of them offer low-quality content at cheap prices.
If you are tired of these online scams, go for our legit essay writing service . MyPerfectWords.com guarantees the best service and top-quality debates at budget-friendly rates.
Similarly, the expert writers have years of experience to deliver the work within the given deadline. They will also help you to choose engaging speech and debate topics.
Avail of reliable debate writing help by placing your order now.
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How To Write A Debate: 9 Steps
How To Write A Debate: A debate is a serious conversation on a topic done at a public gathering or legislative assembly when opposing viewpoints are given and the discussion is usually ended with a vote. A debate is a formalized discussion.
Two opposed sides alternate speaking in support and opposition to a specific point of dispute, which is frequently based on a topic. Unlike arguments with family or friends, each participant is given a set amount of time to speak, and interjections are strictly monitored. “ Affirmative ” speakers are those who agree with the subject, while “ opposition ” speakers are those who disagree.
Almost everyone has had to write an argument at some time in their lives, whether for an English lesson, as part of a group, or simply for fun. However, just because the majority of people have done it previously does not mean it is simple. There are a plethora of things to think about: should you start by appealing to your audience’s emotions or go right to the point with cold hard facts? In your discussion, how many arguments should you include? Is it necessary to include a conclusion?
This article demonstrates how to easily organize and compose a debate to help you limit and reduce ambiguity.
Recommended: How to Start a Debate By Introducing yourself
Table of Contents
Debate Writing Essentials
A debate must have a proposition, a topic, or a problem, and speakers must talk for or against it. As a result, each point should be carefully picked, taking into account both the benefits and cons of the topic at hand.
To make the ideas clear in one’s mind, an outline of the essential issues should be created in the order in which one would argue. Because a speaker’s time is frequently limited, the points should be concise and instructive. Every issue/subject has its own vocabulary, which must be carefully selected in order to prevent unwanted pauses in the argument due to a lack of words to communicate views on the spot.
The speaker addresses the chair makes an argument, ‘ appeals ‘ for empathetic comprehension and support, attacks the opponent’s position, and asserts the argument.
Also see: How to speak in Public without fear or anxiety
What Are The Various Types Of Debate?
1. Cross-Examination Debate: This is a contemporary form of college debate in which two people compete against one other. These debates are meant to be values-based and to concentrate on the most important aspects of a contentious subject. While precise approaches differ, Cross-Examination Debate favors extensive use of evidence and an emphasis on the topic rather than delivery.
2. Lincoln-Douglas Debate: It is a one-on-one argument in which logic, ethical ideals, and philosophy are heavily emphasized. The Lincoln-Douglas Debate is a sort of high school debate in the United States. It is also known as LD Debate or just LD, and it is used in tournaments such as the National Forensic League.
Five speeches and two rounds of cross-examination make up an L-D debate session. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, which took place between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas in 1858, are commemorated by the initials LD. Their arguments revolved around slavery, its morality, ideals, and logic.
Also see: Differences Between Interpersonal and intrapersonal communication
3. Academic Debate: Academic debate is an excellent way to strengthen your academic skills while also learning about new topics. Many different speeches, such as Lincoln Douglas’, might be utilized as a template.
Debate competition teaches students how to defend their point of view in front of others. Also, work on your writing and thinking skills.
4. Parliamentary Debate: In most regions of the world, these are the most prevalent types of debates. The practice differs from country to country. Although it is called a Parliamentary debate, it is not a debate held in a government legislature. These are called after the discussions that take place in the British parliament.
5. Spontaneous Debate: These debates, also known as SPAR, are frequently held in college and university classrooms. In these debates, two debaters pick a topic at random. Before engaging in a brief discussion on the topic, the debaters spend a few minutes preparing what they will say. These disputes are more concerned with presentation and style than with topic because they do not need much study.
Also see: Advantages and Disadvantages of being a leader
6. NDT Debate: NDT stands for National Debate Tournament. Tournament debate is one of the oldest and most popular types of debate at the collegiate level. The emphasis in this type of debate is on providing vast volumes of data as rapidly and as logically as possible.
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9 Steps to Write An Excellent Debate
1. A Strong Start: A great opening statement is the foundation of any excellent dissension. When dealing with something emotionally charged, such as debate themes, starting with an emotionally charged introduction is the best way to go.
For example, if you were advocating for your nation to accept more migrants, an opening phrase maybe, “Have you ever imagined how it might feel to be forced to leave your home? To be so afraid of violence or other forms of persecution that you and your family must flee your home and migrate to a new country?”
It’s equally as effective to start your dissension with a compelling statistic. If your topic isn’t overly emotive, using a shocking or alarming statistic as your first line might nevertheless convey emotion. You should try to get your audience and judge to sit up taller in their seats.
2. Describing The Topic: Following your beginning, you must make the topic you’re discussing very obvious to your audience. Declare your issue as well as your team’s viewpoint on it. Make sure your topic’s keywords are defined. This doesn’t have to be an exact dictionary definition; alternatively, it might be your understanding of the word in the context of the discussion or scenario.
While this may appear tedious, it is necessary to ensure that you and your opponent are on the same page. Debating someone who has a different interpretation of the issue than you is extremely difficult. If you’re not the first speaker in the discussion, you should use this time to either agree with or disagree with your opponent’s description.
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3. Titling or Signposting: Signposting may appear to be inconvenient and unneeded. It can even appear to impede the flow of your otherwise smooth and lyrical speech if you’re a word fanatic. However, it is very essential in the framework of a good discussion.
You may believe you’ve written the greatest and most straightforward debate in the world, but the audience isn’t you. They aren’t as knowledgeable about the subject as you are, and they aren’t nearly as committed to the discussion as you are. During the introduction, they may zone out for a few seconds before becoming fully disoriented. This is why signposting is so essential; it’s a quick and easy approach to remind your audience what you’re talking about and where you’re at in your speech.
Add a few phrases at the conclusion of your introduction to notify the listener how many points you’ll be making and in what sequence you’ll be delivering them.
You might state at the outset of each argument to remind the audience of what you’re talking about. While this may appear simple and as if you anticipate the audience to fall asleep on you, it is actually quite important and makes your discussion simpler to follow.
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4. Rebuttal: Sometimes the best attack is a solid defense, as the saying goes. If you’ve ever watched a professional debate, you’ll know that the most exciting portion is generally when one side takes one of the opposing side’s arguments and rips it apart.
While entertaining to watch, it is also the hardest aspect of any discussion to master. Rebutting arguments requires you to think on your feet. You have just thirty seconds to deliver a compelling counter-argument to one that your opponent has undoubtedly spent hours studying and polishing. Fortunately, there are several tactics you may do while rebutting to make the task seem less intimidating.
5. Make Pre-research: If you’ve decided on a discussion topic before the debate, time is your most valuable commodity. Use it. Put yourself in your opponent’s position after you’ve created your own arguments and try to predict what arguments they’ll employ.
Also see: Reasons Why Most Businesses Fail
6. Identify The Point: If your opponent is arguing for a change, there is one essential topic you may focus on while rebutting them. If your opponent is calling for a complex shift in government policy or social philosophy but has failed to articulate the benefits of the proposed change, here is your chance to strike.
Bringing up economic issues is extremely beneficial since it can be applied to almost any argument topic. Any discussion on social justice, a topical issue, a government policy, or something utterly out of the ordinary will have an economic component.
7. Make Your Own Claims: A simple but powerful technique to create a defense against your own case is to twist your own reasoning to refute an opponent’s claim. Of course, going too far and reciting your entire planned argument is a terrible error. However, you may break down the body of your speech into different parts to counter your opponent.
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8. The Body: Writing a body paragraph for an essay is essentially identical to writing an argument for a debate. Each argument should begin with signposting, followed by a one-sentence explanation of your case.
After that, you should expand on your point a little, provide some facts and statistics to back up your claims, and then neatly link back to the debate’s topic so the audience understands that you’re not just delivering a passionate rant, but rather a carefully calculated point that ties in with a general thesis statement.
In most debates, having three arguments is the best strategy to keep your speech running long enough. If you have a clearly weaker argument, attempt to wedge it between two stronger ones.
9. Collecting Proof: If your issue necessitates the use of statistics and specialists at every step, you must ensure that you are doing everything appropriately.
When you use the appropriate evidence in your dispute, you become more credible, but when you use the wrong sort of information from the wrong sources, you leave yourself up to criticism from the adversary.
The first step in locating appropriate evidence to quote is to examine the source. Second, ensure sure the information or figure is current. Your proof is the foundation of your argument; if it isn’t solid enough, everything will fall apart.
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It brings together the arguments you’ve made in the body of your essay and delivers a message that should leave the reader feeling informed. Writing an argument ending is one of the most significant, as well as one of the most fundamental, aspects of your speech.
Now it’s just a matter of expressing yourself. If you’re the last person to speak in a group discussion, make sure your conclusion addresses the most severe issues expressed by your peers.
Writing a debate might be difficult or tedious, but it can also be gratifying since it expands your understanding, fosters critical thinking, and sharpens your persuasive skills. However, in order to be effective, you must know how to write for a discussion. The preceding instructions will assist you in comprehending the debate speech writing process. A good debate involves a combination of subject knowledge, reasoning ability, and the ability to articulate the proper attitude.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka, ACMC, is a lawyer and a certified mediator/conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a developer with knowledge in various programming languages. Samuel is determined to leverage his skills in technology, SEO, and legal practice to revolutionize the legal profession worldwide by creating web and mobile applications that simplify legal research. Sam is also passionate about educating and providing valuable information to people.
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- How to write an argumentative essay | Examples & tips
How to Write an Argumentative Essay | Examples & Tips
Published on July 24, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.
An argumentative essay expresses an extended argument for a particular thesis statement . The author takes a clearly defined stance on their subject and builds up an evidence-based case for it.
Table of contents
When do you write an argumentative essay, approaches to argumentative essays, introducing your argument, the body: developing your argument, concluding your argument, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about argumentative essays.
You might be assigned an argumentative essay as a writing exercise in high school or in a composition class. The prompt will often ask you to argue for one of two positions, and may include terms like “argue” or “argument.” It will frequently take the form of a question.
The prompt may also be more open-ended in terms of the possible arguments you could make.
Argumentative writing at college level
At university, the vast majority of essays or papers you write will involve some form of argumentation. For example, both rhetorical analysis and literary analysis essays involve making arguments about texts.
In this context, you won’t necessarily be told to write an argumentative essay—but making an evidence-based argument is an essential goal of most academic writing, and this should be your default approach unless you’re told otherwise.
Examples of argumentative essay prompts
At a university level, all the prompts below imply an argumentative essay as the appropriate response.
Your research should lead you to develop a specific position on the topic. The essay then argues for that position and aims to convince the reader by presenting your evidence, evaluation and analysis.
- Don’t just list all the effects you can think of.
- Do develop a focused argument about the overall effect and why it matters, backed up by evidence from sources.
- Don’t just provide a selection of data on the measures’ effectiveness.
- Do build up your own argument about which kinds of measures have been most or least effective, and why.
- Don’t just analyze a random selection of doppelgänger characters.
- Do form an argument about specific texts, comparing and contrasting how they express their thematic concerns through doppelgänger characters.
Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.
An argumentative essay should be objective in its approach; your arguments should rely on logic and evidence, not on exaggeration or appeals to emotion.
There are many possible approaches to argumentative essays, but there are two common models that can help you start outlining your arguments: The Toulmin model and the Rogerian model.
The Toulmin model consists of four steps, which may be repeated as many times as necessary for the argument:
- Make a claim
- Provide the grounds (evidence) for the claim
- Explain the warrant (how the grounds support the claim)
- Discuss possible rebuttals to the claim, identifying the limits of the argument and showing that you have considered alternative perspectives
The Toulmin model is a common approach in academic essays. You don’t have to use these specific terms (grounds, warrants, rebuttals), but establishing a clear connection between your claims and the evidence supporting them is crucial in an argumentative essay.
Say you’re making an argument about the effectiveness of workplace anti-discrimination measures. You might:
- Claim that unconscious bias training does not have the desired results, and resources would be better spent on other approaches
- Cite data to support your claim
- Explain how the data indicates that the method is ineffective
- Anticipate objections to your claim based on other data, indicating whether these objections are valid, and if not, why not.
The Rogerian model also consists of four steps you might repeat throughout your essay:
- Discuss what the opposing position gets right and why people might hold this position
- Highlight the problems with this position
- Present your own position , showing how it addresses these problems
- Suggest a possible compromise —what elements of your position would proponents of the opposing position benefit from adopting?
This model builds up a clear picture of both sides of an argument and seeks a compromise. It is particularly useful when people tend to disagree strongly on the issue discussed, allowing you to approach opposing arguments in good faith.
Say you want to argue that the internet has had a positive impact on education. You might:
- Acknowledge that students rely too much on websites like Wikipedia
- Argue that teachers view Wikipedia as more unreliable than it really is
- Suggest that Wikipedia’s system of citations can actually teach students about referencing
- Suggest critical engagement with Wikipedia as a possible assignment for teachers who are skeptical of its usefulness.
You don’t necessarily have to pick one of these models—you may even use elements of both in different parts of your essay—but it’s worth considering them if you struggle to structure your arguments.
Regardless of which approach you take, your essay should always be structured using an introduction , a body , and a conclusion .
Like other academic essays, an argumentative essay begins with an introduction . The introduction serves to capture the reader’s interest, provide background information, present your thesis statement , and (in longer essays) to summarize the structure of the body.
Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a typical introduction works.
The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts is on the rise, and its role in learning is hotly debated. For many teachers who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful. This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its critical benefits for students and educators—as a uniquely comprehensive and accessible information source; a means of exposure to and engagement with different perspectives; and a highly flexible learning environment.
The body of an argumentative essay is where you develop your arguments in detail. Here you’ll present evidence, analysis, and reasoning to convince the reader that your thesis statement is true.
In the standard five-paragraph format for short essays, the body takes up three of your five paragraphs. In longer essays, it will be more paragraphs, and might be divided into sections with headings.
Each paragraph covers its own topic, introduced with a topic sentence . Each of these topics must contribute to your overall argument; don’t include irrelevant information.
This example paragraph takes a Rogerian approach: It first acknowledges the merits of the opposing position and then highlights problems with that position.
Hover over different parts of the example to see how a body paragraph is constructed.
A common frustration for teachers is students’ use of Wikipedia as a source in their writing. Its prevalence among students is not exaggerated; a survey found that the vast majority of the students surveyed used Wikipedia (Head & Eisenberg, 2010). An article in The Guardian stresses a common objection to its use: “a reliance on Wikipedia can discourage students from engaging with genuine academic writing” (Coomer, 2013). Teachers are clearly not mistaken in viewing Wikipedia usage as ubiquitous among their students; but the claim that it discourages engagement with academic sources requires further investigation. This point is treated as self-evident by many teachers, but Wikipedia itself explicitly encourages students to look into other sources. Its articles often provide references to academic publications and include warning notes where citations are missing; the site’s own guidelines for research make clear that it should be used as a starting point, emphasizing that users should always “read the references and check whether they really do support what the article says” (“Wikipedia:Researching with Wikipedia,” 2020). Indeed, for many students, Wikipedia is their first encounter with the concepts of citation and referencing. The use of Wikipedia therefore has a positive side that merits deeper consideration than it often receives.
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An argumentative essay ends with a conclusion that summarizes and reflects on the arguments made in the body.
No new arguments or evidence appear here, but in longer essays you may discuss the strengths and weaknesses of your argument and suggest topics for future research. In all conclusions, you should stress the relevance and importance of your argument.
Hover over the following example to see the typical elements of a conclusion.
The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity. As the popularity of distance learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by digital education, and educators should fully embrace these advantages. The internet’s dangers, real and imaginary, have been documented exhaustively by skeptics, but the internet is here to stay; it is time to focus seriously on its potential for good.
If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!
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An argumentative essay tends to be a longer essay involving independent research, and aims to make an original argument about a topic. Its thesis statement makes a contentious claim that must be supported in an objective, evidence-based way.
An expository essay also aims to be objective, but it doesn’t have to make an original argument. Rather, it aims to explain something (e.g., a process or idea) in a clear, concise way. Expository essays are often shorter assignments and rely less on research.
At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.
The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .
The majority of the essays written at university are some sort of argumentative essay . Unless otherwise specified, you can assume that the goal of any essay you’re asked to write is argumentative: To convince the reader of your position using evidence and reasoning.
In composition classes you might be given assignments that specifically test your ability to write an argumentative essay. Look out for prompts including instructions like “argue,” “assess,” or “discuss” to see if this is the goal.
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How to waste an hour: 12 steps, 3 ways to cope with being deaf, 8 ways to win a tickle fight, how to use a sharpening steel: 14 steps, 3 ways to identify lead paint, 3 ways to shrink leather shoes, 4 ways to eat chicken feet, 3 ways to clean a popcorn ceiling, how to be a dancer, how to write a debate speech: 10 steps.
A well-crafted debate speech can effectively persuade an audience and make a lasting impact. By following these ten steps, you’ll be on your way to creating a powerful and engaging debate speech.
1. Understand the topic: Begin by thoroughly researching the topic of debate. Understand various viewpoints, facts, and statistics to develop a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Familiarize yourself with common arguments for and against the issue.
2. Analyze your audience: Before crafting your speech, spend some time considering who your audience is. What do they already know about the issue? What are their concerns, values, or interests? Tailor your speech to resonate with them.
3. Define your position : Clearly state your stance on the issue at hand. Your position should be strong, specific, and concise – bold statements will keep your audience engaged in the debate.
4. Develop your main arguments: Identify 2-3 compelling arguments supporting your position. These should form the backbone of your debate speech. Be sure to provide evidence, examples, or anecdotes that support each argument.
5. Prepare counterarguments: Anticipate objections from opponents and address these in your speech. By acknowledging opposing viewpoints and providing a persuasive rebuttal, you’ll strengthen your overall argument.
6. Organize your speech: Structure is crucial in presenting an effective debate speech. Begin with a captivating introduction that grabs the attention of the audience, followed by a clear thesis statement outlining your key points. Present each argument (along with its evidence) as separate supporting points before addressing counterarguments.
7. Maintain logic and consistency: Ensure that all elements of your speech are logically connected and coherently presented throughout. Avoid contradicting yourself or presenting irrelevant information.
8. Use persuasive language techniques: Employ rhetorical devices like metaphors, analogies, or hyperbole to enhance the impact of your arguments. Encourage emotional responses from your audience by appealing to values, beliefs, or fears.
9. Write an engaging conclusion: Wrap up your speech by summarizing your main arguments and highlighting their significance. End on a strong note that encourages action or emphasizes the importance of the issue.
10. Practice, practice, practice: Finally, rehearse your speech multiple times to perfect your delivery. This will not only boost your confidence but also help you identify any errors or areas of the speech that need improvement.
By following these ten steps, you’ll be well on your way to writing a persuasive and memorable debate speech that effectively communicates your position and leaves a lasting impression on your audience.
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Debate Reports Samples That Help You Write Better, Faster & with Gusto
Composing Reports on Debate is so much easier and fun when you have an expertly written example piece right in front of you. Fortunately, WePapers.com offers you full access to free Debate Reports directory you can exploit to thrive in the writing craft. Each Report example may serve as a source of motivation for interesting topic ideas; or a place where you can discover most efficient writing practices; or a template you can follow when organizing your own piece. More broadly, not only our resource can empower you to create an exceptional Debate paper but also hone your writing abilities and expand your expertise.
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Report Writing on Inter-School Debate Competition [With PDF]
Today in this article, I’m going to show you how to write a report on Inter-School Debate Competition. So without further delay let’s jump into the article.
Interschool Debate Competition
By Diya Sreesanth
January 1, 2019; New Delhi: This year the Interschool Debate Competition was held at our school. There were 24 different schools participating. The competition was held for a week. Food and accommodation were arranged at our school hostel. All the participants were extraordinarily skilled.
One could actually see the future leaders in the contestants. The decisions of the judges were final. There were no foul plays. This year our school won the first prize and much to our amazement two of the best speakers were from our school.
All the participants were students with equal calibre and potential but in the end, some stood out shining brighter than the others. The topic for the final competition was ” the increasing number of old age homes in India “. There were so many notable points presented by each team but the point presented by the winning team was the game-changer.
The prizes were given away by the honourable education minister, who talked about a few memories from his school days.
Intercollege Debate Competition
By Arshida Menon
August 18, 2018; Kerala: The day of the final competition had arrived. Everyone was at the brim of tension. A hot discussion was going on between the judges. Everyone present knew that the decision was rather difficult, even for the judges. The final teams presented their views and proved their points in such a manner that none could decide which team was better.
The competition was a week long. There were a large number of participants from different colleges. All the necessary arrangements were done by our college management and students. Food and accommodation for all the registered participants were arranged in the college. The topic was ” Corruption and Politics “.
This was the topic given for the final round. This brought to light many of the hidden facts about corruption in politics. Every point presented was accepted with cheering. So sharp were the points that it actually made a commoner think about the fact. The first prize was won by St.Teresa’s College.
Inter-Department debate competition
By Sulaksha Nair
January 1, 2019; New Delhi: The debate competition was held between different departments. Each department could be represented by two teams. The competition was judged by an excellent debater known for his skills in debating. The competition was held in the auditorium. Points presented were accepted by the spectators with cheers and claps.
Some of the points even made us think about the facts. There was so much talent in the room. Arguments were made and proved. The competition was so interesting that it had a very huge audience. The competition was a huge success. Our college chairperson was selected as the best speaker and debater.
The first prize was won by the department of political science. They marched through the college ground. At the end of the prize distribution, the principal gave his presidential speech thanking everyone for their active participation and also the organisers, and everyone who worked for making this a success. Our principal appreciated the judging panel and also all the participants for sharing their views with us.
Inter-state College Debate Championship
By Jane Anna
January 1, 2019; New Delhi: The competition was arranged by the Mahatma Gandhi University. Participants representing different states from different colleges had come to take part in the competition. The huge attraction of this competition is that the winner receives a check of 1 lakh for the college he/she studies and a sum of twenty thousand for themselves.
Experts from every State came to take part in the competition. This is a competition conducted to bring out the talents in the students and to take it to the next level. There were heated discussions. All the necessary arrangements for the participants were arranged in the college where the competition was held.
There were refreshment counters and snack bars. There were necessary precautions taken in case of any emergencies. The participants exhibited their oratory skills and displayed their knowledge. They proved their points in such a manner that the audience was convinced.
The competition was a huge success and the first prize was won by the team representing New Delhi. The best debater was Royce Adams. The competition came to an end with a vote of thanks given by the principal of the college in which the competition was held.
There you have it: Report Writing on Inter-School Debate Competition.
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How to Write a Debate Speech in English | Format, and Examples
Every student has to write a debate at some point in school, college, or university and if you don’t know about the methods and steps to write a debate speech, you won’t write an effective debate speech to increase your chance of success. Following a proper structure and format in debate writing is essential for a good debate to convenience the audience. There are some tips and methods to write an effective debate speech and by setting a tone and correct words choice and sentences, you can grab the judge’s and the audience’s attention. So, are you searching for pro tips on how to write a debate speech in English? Let’s dive into this article and get complete knowledge about debate writing.
Before diving into the steps of debate writing, it’s necessary to understand debate speech definition and debate speech format.
Debate Speech Definition
A debate speech is a formal discussion on a specific topic between two opposing sides or groups. One side discusses in a favor of the given topic or title, while the other side speaks against it or disagrees with the first side. The main purpose of a debate speech is to convince the judges and audience that your opinion is right. In debate speech, you need to express your views in a specific format and make your opponents impress by good debate writing skills.
Debate Speech Format
You can follow the following pattern for a debate speech.
Opening Statements and Explanation
This section consists of the opening sentences by using three arguments with explaining questions.
- Pro Tema – Up to 5 minutes
- Con Team – Up to 2 minutes
- Con Team – Up to 5 minutes
- Pro Team – Up to 2 minutes
Rebuttals (No new Arguments Here)
In this section, the debaters repeat the deponent arguments and evaluate what is wrong with his/her position.
- Pro Team – Up to 3 minutes
- Con Team – Up to 3 minutes
In the summary, debates summarize their positions after detailed arguments and discussions with the opponents. In addition, the debaters also say why their position is the best.
Finally, each group will be assumed to answer the questions up to 20 minutes long session. For instance, you can look at the following debate speech template to get an idea of the debate speech structure.
Debate Speech Format PDF
How to Write a Debate (6 Steps)
Structuring and writing your debate correctly will increase your chance of success. By following the 6 easy steps below will help you win the debate competition. Without further ado let’s dive into the following steps.
- Begin With a Strong Opening Lines
- Define the Topic
Step #1: Begin With a Strong Opening Lines
Every good speech and discussion starts with a strong sentence. Remember the first impression is the last impression, hence start your debate with a strong opening line that can help you impress the audience and the judge immediately. For example, you can start your debate by asking an open-ended question, tell a story, state an amazing fact or say a powerful quotation.
Step #2: Define the Topic
When you started your debate with a strong sentence and catch the audience’s attention, in the next step you need to make the subject clear to your listeners. You need to state the topic and your group’s position on the topic to help the audience comprehend the side you are going to argue about.
“Ladies and gentlemen, today I would like to talk to you about the education system. The education system that we have followed in our country has been reformed many times. Computer literacy at the age of 13 can help in the child’s future studies. Here, I will argue that the problem is the pandemic, besides being stressful, are indecisive in assessing student learning.”
Step #3: Signposting
Signposting may seem irritating and avoidable. If you are word-addict it can even seem like it’s confusing the flow of your otherwise clear and lyrical speech. However, it’s totally important in the format of a good debate speech. You might think that you write a good debate speech, but remember the audience isn’t you to judge. They don’t how much idea about the topic as you have and they might get bored for a few moments in your introduction and then get completely lost. This is why signposting is necessary for debate.
This is a good way to remind your audience of what you are discussing and where you are up to in your speech. Hence, after your introduction add a few points that tell the audience that how many points you are going to deliver and in what order you are delivering them.
Also Read : Essential Transition Words and Phrases for Writing
Step #4: Rebuttal
Have you heard that sometimes the best offense is a good defense? In a professional debate, the most compelling part is usually when one side takes one of the arguments of the opponent and then cuts it to pieces. Indeed, it’s the most difficult part of any debate speech to finish correctly. In a debate speech Rebutting arguments forces you to think thoroughly on the spot. You have a little time like 30 to 40 seconds to take arguments that your opponent has spent a lot of time researching and edging and convincingly oppose it.
There are some approaches that you can use while rebutting in a debate speech and make the challenge a little less dismay. These include the following:
- Pre-research thoroughly
- What’s the point
- Economic Challanges
- Say your own arguments
Step #5: Arguments
The argument is the most significant part of a debate speech. To make it clear for you, we have divided this down into four simple subtopics.
1. Decide what to argue:
If you have researched the topics and have good information, then a lot of arguments will come to your mind. It always requires good research to come up with talking points. Consider the issue. You can research online, read books and novels for good ideas. When you have good knowledge of the topic then the right arguments will come to your mind no matter how strong your position is.
2. The Layout :
Writing an argument is the same as writing a body paragraph for an essay. You can start each argument by signposting for instance, “Initially, I want to argue….” and then follow up with a sentence shortly. After this, you need to talk in detail about the topic by giving some facts and statics to constitute what you are saying, and then at the end link neatly back to the title of the debate to make clear to the audience that you are not only giving a passionate rant but instead making a carefully calculated point that related in with a general thesis statement.
3. Find Evidence:
Embedding the right evidence into your debate speech makes you more conceivable, but using the wrong and irrelevant evidence from a wrong source leaves you vulnerable to be attacked by the opposition. Hence, it’s necessary to search beforehand and find the right evidence.
4. Persuasive Strategies:
Remember you can be as persuasive and colorful in debate as you write a persuasive piece. Don’t use harsh words or insult your opponents and don’t use the sense of humor where it’s not important, but other than the obvious limitation you can use as many persuasive strategies as you can.
Step #6: How to Conclude
The conclusion is the result of your writing and is one of the most important parts of a debate speech. It should sum the points you have written in the whole parts of your writing, and by delivering the conclusion of your debate the listeners or readers should feel as if they have gained the result of whatever you have written in the body.
Writing a conclusion for a debate speech is the same as writing a conclusion for an essay. In the link below you can read more about how to conclude a debate.
- How to Write the Best Concluding Paragraph
Debate Speech Sample in English
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New speaker Mike Johnson faces first test as government shutdown looms
Johnson must wrangle his fractious gop conference as congress tries to reach a short-term spending deal.
Speaker Mike Johnson (R-La.) spent his first two weeks atop the House Republican leadership rung rarely opining and instead just listening.
In his first meeting with one of the conference’s five ideological factions, Johnson listened as the House Freedom Caucus passionately argued to curb spending, prioritize national security in upcoming fiscal fights and temporarily set two deadlines to fund the government into early next year.
Days later, moderate Republicans implored Johnson to avoid making swing-district lawmakers take tough votes or face an embarrassing defeat when they revolted on the House floor. He then listened as appropriators — tasked with assigning how federal funds are spent each year — pleaded that he avoid a government shutdown by ignoring the two-tiered proposal and instead passing a clean extension of current funding levels, arguing that the hard right would probably vote against any short-term measure.
After attending three meetings with Johnson, Rep. Dave Joyce (R-Ohio) eventually blurted out, “What do you want?”
Live updates: House to vote on GOP plan to avert government shutdown
Joyce and the Republican conference got their answer Saturday. Johnson ultimately decided to move forward with a stopgap funding proposal meant to appease the hard right while trying not to alienate the centrists. The result was a two-tiered funding schedule that does not include other demands from across the GOP conference, such as steep budget cuts, a border security proposal and funding for Israel or Ukraine.
Instead of appeasing just one ideological faction, the proposal has angered the hard right, puzzled the middle and been mocked by the White House. But it may attract enough support, including from Democrats in the House and the Senate, to land on the president’s desk this week.
How Johnson handles the threat of a government shutdown at the end of the week is his first major test and will set the stage for the rest of his speakership.
He faces the herculean task of uniting an ideologically fractious conference that has been pulled further apart after a contentious speakership fight that exposed and strengthened lingering resentments, policy differences and doubt that Republicans can ever find consensus again. Johnson has never served in a highly placed leadership role that would have forced him to know a broad swath of the conference, and he has stepped into the fray at a time when a leader is critical not only to the functioning of American government but also to decisions related to aiding foreign democracies.
Of about two dozen Republican lawmakers and aides interviewed by The Washington Post — many of whom spoke on the condition of anonymity to speak freely about internal party discussions — a significant number acknowledged granting Johnson a “grace period” to find his footing in a job that very few would ever want. But how he manages the demands from across the conference could abruptly end the honeymoon period as soon as this week.
“People want to give Mike grace to be able to move forward. But at the end of the day, we have a job and the clock is ticking. You’re storming the beaches of Normandy and somebody goes down, you don’t sit around and form a committee,” Rep. Chip Roy (R-Tex.) said about Johnson’s approach to listening and incorporating requests. “Time is ticking and we got to go get it done.”
For Roy and other members of the Freedom Caucus, that grace period has ended. Roy won’t support the bill, saying Monday, “Mike’s a good friend and I like him, and we’ll keep working together going forward. But all I’m saying is right now I oppose this measure. I think it’s a mistake.”
Rep. Andrew Ogles (R-Tenn.), another Freedom Caucus member, said Monday that what happens over the next 36 hours probably wasn’t going to be to everyone’s liking, including his, but that the real test is coming later.
“We have to kind of gear up and gird up for January because that’s where the real fight begins,” he said.
After weeks of listening, Johnson decided to marry the two major requests of the hard right and pragmatic factions by extending existing funding levels for some government agencies into mid-January and the others until early February. If adopted, the plan would force the House and Senate to find compromise on their full-year appropriation bills to fund the government for the 2024 fiscal year before those deadlines.
Johnson’s choice on stopgap funding comes after he already shepherded House passage of a $14 billion aid package for Israel by reallocating funds already appropriated to the IRS — a decision many Republicans lauded him for.
But hard-right members immediately rejected the short-term funding plan over the weekend, frustrated that it doesn’t include border policy provisions, spending cuts or funding for Israel. There is also widespread recognition from lawmakers and senior aides that it will need Democratic votes to pass.
When asked last week whether he would support a staggered continuing resolution, or CR, with no other policy riders attached to it, House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries (D-N.Y.) called the idea “ridiculous.”
But now that the plan is official and a shutdown looms, Democrats are signaling an openness to the idea by not broadly criticizing it. A senior House Democratic aide said leadership is “still discussing” how to approach the measure. They appreciate that there are no conservative poison pills attached but think the staggered approach is overly complicated. Democrats also worry that they could lose their leverage to pass emergency funding for Ukraine and Israel.
The lack of spending cuts and the decision to fund the Defense Department until February have also appeased some Senate Democrats who were wary of the two-tiered approach. Democrats historically fear that Republicans would be willing to shut down the entire government if defense funding is complete. This proposal keeps defense funding on the table to provide incentive to fund the rest of the government.
“It’s a good thing the speaker didn’t include unnecessary cuts and kept defense funding with the second group of programs,” a Senate Democratic leadership aide said.
Besides averting a government shutdown, Johnson also must overcome deep policy disputes to finish passing full-year funding bills and approve must-address reauthorizations touching farming and federal aviation before year’s end. Meanwhile, he has to navigate waning support for Ukraine aid while managing ongoing demands for the passage of a border security bill.
“This will be a very heavy lift, and Johnson will need to expend tons of political capital,” one House Republican lawmaker said of Johnson’s attempt to pass the stopgap bill. “Maybe he gets there in this honeymoon phase.”
House GOP tensions linger during fiscal debate
Several Republican lawmakers noted that unlike former speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), who was ousted after passing a short-term funding bill that relied on Democratic support, Johnson is starting the job without any enemies — in part because many members do not know him outside of his reputation as a policy-driven and religious conservative. Though Johnson’s lack of intraparty controversy and personal vendettas is part of why Republicans unanimously supported him for speaker, he faces a trust deficit among some pragmatic lawmakers, who believe McCarthy earned their fealty by helping them get elected and ensuring they return.
Johnson has the most to prove with governing-minded Republicans as he has been largely embraced by the hard-right faction, a group he has aligned himself with since being elected to Congress in 2016. Though McCarthy incorporated members of the Freedom Caucus into weekly meetings — unlike his GOP predecessors — lawmakers within the group were struck by Johnson’s decision to meet with them first only days after becoming speaker.
“I’m really, really pleased to see that he is being so inclusive, specifically with the Freedom Caucus,” said Rep. Matthew M. Rosendale (R-Mont.), who was one of eight Republicans who voted to oust McCarthy as speaker last month.
Johnson earned praise for his earlier decision to pair aid for Israel with rescinding Democratic-approved funds to hire more IRS employees. Doing so is projected to add to the deficit, but Republicans celebrated it as a show of unity because it paired the desire of many to help a foreign ally while assuaging fiscal conservatives’ concerns.
“He really has done a good job of threading the needle between sort of the traditional Republican world and the ‘America First’ Trump world. He’s pretty unique in that he speaks both dialects fluently,” said Rep. Drew Ferguson (R-Ga.), one of Johnson’s few close allies in the House.
But others are not convinced yet, fearing Johnson may be giving lip service to all factions ahead of making decisions that will result in broken promises. Some Republicans have taken his tendency to seek overwhelming input as his inability — or the inability of any Republican in his position — to successfully weave concerns into a solution that does not ultimately irk the hard-right flank.
“Johnson is allowing the inmates to run the asylum,” one senior GOP leadership aide said.
Before Johnson made his decision on a proposal to avert a government shutdown, many governing-minded Republicans said that he should ultimately support passage of a clean funding extension until January that possibly tacks on Israel aid, because members of the Freedom Caucus would not move to oust him immediately if he did. While several Freedom Caucus members said they would not make a motion to vacate Johnson from the speakership, several privately admitted a decision to pass a clean funding extension — ostensibly with the help of Democrats — would start to test their patience.
Johnson will have to continue reassuring both factions of the conference as he moves ahead on tackling must-address issues.
He had been telegraphing to pragmatic lawmakers in private conversations that he does not support a government shutdown and wants to fund aid to Israel and Ukraine through offsets, a position that fiscal conservatives across the conference support. In one conversation with a vulnerable Republican, Johnson assured them he could not allow the government to shut down because he could not bear running into military service members at his local grocery store and knowing they are not getting paid.
During a luncheon with the centrist Republican Governance Group, several lawmakers asked him to avoid making them vote on abortion -related issues because it could hurt their reelection chances, according to four people present. In response, Johnson said he had met earlier with several antiabortion groups and told them not to expect the GOP majority to pass a federal abortion ban or similar measures because vulnerable Republicans could not handle the political implications. He also noted that a federal abortion bill would not pass a Democratic-held Senate, according to a person in the room.
Some Republicans left the gathering concerned that Johnson had suggested siding with the base on other issues, particularly on how to navigate the looming funding deadline. Most, however, are taking him at his word.
“Why wouldn’t I trust him? I don’t have any other reason not to,” Rep. Lori Chavez-DeRemer (Ore.), a vulnerable Republican incumbent, said after attending the meeting. “So I’m giving the new speaker the benefit of the doubt. If that’s what he says, that’s what I’m going to go off of unless he proves differently.”
Other moderate Republicans have described their group as “free agents” now because their loyalty to McCarthy had forced them to take tough votes for the sake of party unity. They made clear to Johnson that they will vote against controversial bills more often, especially if he puts issues on the House floor that go against the desires of their constituents.
“The reality is to get his job done and function, he’s going to need a bunch of us. And that’s something that I think he understands, and something he’s got to figure out,” said Rep. David G. Valadao, who represents a swing district in California.
The demands from across the conference have already tested Johnson. Since ascending to the speakership, he has had to pull consideration of a bill funding the transportation and housing departments for a full year because New York Republicans are protesting a deep slash to Amtrak funding while the Freedom Caucus is pushing for those cuts. Eight swing-district Republicans were planning to vote against the financial services appropriation bill because it would have rolled back a law in D.C. that forbids discrimination against women based on reproductive decisions they make. Republican leaders ultimately delayed consideration of that bill because hard-right lawmakers were also set to vote against it after an amendment by Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-Fla.) to strip funding for the new FBI headquarters was not adopted.
Overcoming those contentious policy differences ahead of the next fiscal deadline if Congress extends it into the new year is just part of the struggle that Johnson and the GOP leadership team must overcome. Failure to do so, several Republican lawmakers mused, could cost them their majority in 2024.
“I don’t think the Lord Jesus himself could manage this group,” Rep. Troy E. Nehls (R-Tex.) said as his cigar burned outside the Capitol. “I tell you, we keep it up, we won’t keep the House.”
Jacob Bogage, Jeff Stein and Jacqueline Alemany contributed to this report.
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Ohio voters enshrine abortion access in constitution in latest statewide win for reproductive rights
It was a busy election night across America on Tuesday, with voters deciding on governors, mayors and reproductive rights. (Nov. 8)
Supporters of Issue 1 cheer at a watch party, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, in Columbus Ohio. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
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A woman bows her head during a prayer at a watch party for opponents of Issue 1 at the Center for Christian Virtue in Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Nancy Kramer, co-chair of Ohioans United for Reproductive Rights, speaks at a watch party for Issue 1, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, in Columbus Ohio. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
Aaron Baer President of Center for Christian Virtue speaks during a watch party for opponents of Issue 1 at the Center for Christian Virtue in Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
CBP Program Manager Sam Huddleston bows his head during a prayer during a watch party for opponents of Issue 1 at the Center for Christian Virtue in Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Lauren Miracle, right, holds her son Dawson, 1, as she helps her daughter Oaklynn, 3, fill out a child’s practice ballot before voting herself at a polling location in the Washington Township House in Oregonia, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7. Polls are open in a few states for off-year elections that could give hints of voter sentiment ahead of next year’s critical presidential contest. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
A sign is posted outside a polling location in the Washington Township House in Oregonia, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, as people arrive to vote. Polls are open in a few states for off-year elections that could give hints of voter sentiment ahead of next year’s critical presidential contest. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Lauren Miracle, helps her children Dawson, 1, and Oaklynn, 3, fill out children’s practice ballots before voting herself at a polling location in the Washington Township House in Oregonia, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023. Polls are open in a few states for off-year elections that could give hints of voter sentiment ahead of next year’s critical presidential contest. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Precinct election official Andrew Kleiman, right, opens the door for Lauren Miracle, and her children Dawson, 1, and Oaklynn, 3, at a polling location in the Washington Township House in Oregonia, Ohio, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023. Polls are open in a few states for off-year elections that could give hints of voter sentiment ahead of next year’s critical presidential contest. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
People gather in the parking lot of the Hamilton County Board of Elections as people arrive for early in-person voting in Cincinnati, Thursday, Nov. 2, 2023. They urge a vote for or against the measure known as Issue 1. Issue 1 is the only abortion question on any state ballot this year. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
John Capannari calls out for a vote against a constitutional amendment seeking to protect abortion rights in Ohio in the parking lot of the Hamilton County Board of Elections as people arrive for early in-person voting in Cincinnati, Thursday, Nov. 2, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
People hold signs urging a vote for a constitutional amendment seeking to protect abortion rights in Ohio in the parking lot of the Hamilton County Board of Elections during early in-person voting in Cincinnati, Thursday, Nov. 2, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — Ohio voters approved a constitutional amendment on Tuesday that ensures access to abortion and other forms of reproductive health care, the latest victory for abortion rights supporters since the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade last year.
Ohio became the seventh state where voters decided to protect abortion access after the landmark ruling and was the only state to consider a statewide abortion rights question this year.
“The future is bright, and tonight we can celebrate this win for bodily autonomy and reproductive rights,” Lauren Blauvelt, co-chair of Ohioans United for Reproductive Rights, which led support for the amendment, told a jubilant crowd of supporters.
What to know about Tuesday’s elections
- Key issues: Democrats got more evidence that they can win races centered on the national debate over abortion . Abortion rights supporters won an Ohio ballot measure and the Democratic governor of Kentucky , Andy Beshear, held onto his office by campaigning on reproductive rights.
- Historic firsts: Former Biden White House aide Gabe Amo became the first Black member of Congress from Rhode Island after winning a special election. Democrat Cherelle Parker was elected as Philadelphia’s first female mayor.
- Looking to 2024: It was a good night for Democrats , but none of the races were an up-or-down decision on President Joe Biden, or former President Donald Trump.
- Up next: It’s time for the third Republican presidential debate. Here’s what to know if you want to tune in Wednesday night.
The outcome of the intense, off-year election could be a bellwether for 2024 , when Democrats hope the issue will energize their voters and help President Joe Biden keep the White House. Voters in Arizona , Missouri and elsewhere are expected to vote on similar protections next year.
Heather Williams, interim president of the Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee, which works to elect Democrats to state legislatures, said the vote in favor of abortion rights was a “huge victory.”
Issue 1 supporters cheer as they watch election results come in, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, in Columbus Ohio. Ohio voters have approved a constitutional amendment that guarantees the right to abortion and other forms of reproductive health care. The outcome of Tuesday’s intense, off-year election was the latest blow for abortion opponents. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
“Ohio’s resounding support for this constitutional amendment reaffirms Democratic priorities and sends a strong message to the state GOP that reproductive rights are non-negotiable,” she said in a statement.
President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris issued statements celebrating the amendment’s win, emphasizing that attempts to ban or severely restrict abortion represent a minority view across the country. Harris hinted at how the issue would likely be central to Democrats’ campaigning next year for Congress and the presidency, saying “extremists are pushing for a national abortion ban that would criminalize reproductive health care in every single state in our nation.”
Issue 1 supporters celebrate as Rhiannon Carnes, executive director, Ohio Women’s Alliance, speaks at a watch party, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, in Columbus Ohio. Ohio voters have approved a constitutional amendment that guarantees the right to abortion and other forms of reproductive health care. The outcome of Tuesday’s intense, off-year election was the latest blow for abortion opponents. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
Ohio’s constitutional amendment, on the ballot as Issue 1, included some of the most protective language for abortion access of any statewide ballot initiative since the Supreme Court’s ruling. Opponents had argued that the amendment would threaten parental rights, allow unrestricted gender surgeries for minors and revive “partial birth” abortions, which are federally banned.
Public polling shows about two-thirds of Americans say abortion should generally be legal in the earliest stages of pregnancy, a sentiment that has been underscored in both Democratic and deeply Republican states since the justices overturned Roe in June 2022.
Before the Ohio vote, statewide initiatives in California, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana and Vermont had either affirmed abortion access or turned back attempts to undermine the right.
Voter turnout for Ohio’s amendment, including early voting , was robust for an off-year election. Issue 1’s approval will all but certainly undo a 2019 state law passed by Republicans that bans most abortions after fetal cardiac activity is detected, with no exceptions for rape and incest. That law, currently on hold because of court challenges, is one of roughly two dozen restrictions on abortion the Ohio Legislature has passed in recent years.
Republicans remained defiant in the wake of Tuesday’s vote. Ohio House Speaker Jason Stephens said Issue 1’s approval “is not the end of the conversation.”
“As a 100% pro-life conservative, I remain steadfastly committed to protecting life, and that commitment is unwavering,” Stephens said. “The Legislature has multiple paths that we will explore to continue to protect innocent life.”
Previously, state Senate President Matt Huffman, a Republican, has suggested that lawmakers could come back with another proposed amendment next year that would undo Issue 1, although they would have only a six-week window after Election Day to get it on the 2024 primary ballot.
Hamilton County Commissioner Alicia Reece, second from left, joins voters in reacting to the passage of Ohio Issue 1, a ballot measure to amend the state constitution and establish a right to abortion, at an election night party hosted by the Hamilton County Democratic Party, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2023, at Knox Joseph Distillery in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood of Cincinnati. (Kareem Elgazzar/The Cincinnati Enquirer via AP)
Issue 1 specifically declared an individual’s right to “make and carry out one’s own reproductive decisions,” including birth control, fertility treatments, miscarriage and abortion.
It allowed the state to regulate the procedure after fetal viability, as long as exceptions were provided for cases in which a doctor determined the “life or health” of the woman was at risk. Viability was defined as the point when the fetus had “a significant likelihood of survival” outside the womb, with reasonable interventions.
Anti-abortion groups, with the help of Republican Gov. Mike DeWine, tested a variety of messages to try to defeat the amendment, primarily focusing on the idea that the proposal was too extreme for the state. The supporters’ campaign centered on a message of keeping government out of families’ private affairs.
The latest vote followed an August special election called by the Republican-controlled Legislature that was aimed at making future constitutional changes harder to pass by increasing the threshold from a simple majority vote to 60%. That proposal was aimed in part at undermining the abortion-rights measure decided Tuesday.
Voters overwhelmingly defeated that special election question, setting the stage for the high-stakes fall abortion campaign.
Associated Press writer Samantha Hendrickson in Reynoldsburg, Ohio, contributed to this report.