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This Urdu Keyboard enables you to easily type Urdu online without installing Urdu keyboard . You can use your computer keyboard or mouse to type Urdu letters with this online keyboard.
Pressing Esc on the Urdu keyboard layout will toggle the mouse input between virtual QWERTY keyboard and virtual Urdu keyboard. The key will also turn on/off your keyboard input conversion. Pressing Esc on your keyboard has the same function.
Press Shift for additional Urdu letters that are not visible on the keyboard.
For mobile phones and tablets, touch and hold inside the text area to copy the text. You can then paste the text in any app such as Facebook, Twitter, email, or search app.
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Government Jobs in Pakistan Today 2024
Cover Letter for Job 2023 Application Sample Download
Posted: May 31, 2023
A Cover Letter mostly uses to write Applications for Govt and Private jobs Like Government departments, Banks, Private Companies, and others. In Pakistan, we can write a Cover Letter sample in English and Urdu format. Most time It is used to introduce job seekers with just 1-page documents. The Cover Page contains the Job seeker’s Name, Personal Information, Educational record, Professional Skills, etc. You can also get jobs in Pakistan to write Cover Letters and can download them in Word and PDF Format just with 1 click.
How to Write an Application for a Government Job:
There are two main categories of Cover letters which include where you are applying.
- Applying for Specific Post
- Applying through your Qualification
If you have found a post name in the job advertisement then you will write a letter with a post name. But if you listen about opening job posting in the company and you do not know about which posting is opening in this company then write a letter for an appointment with suitable posts in an Organization or Company.
Where to use English and Urdu Language in the Application:
If you are applying in the Government Department and you are applying between BPS-01 to BPS-09 posts. Then you need to write in Urdu. But for Class IV posts you must need to write Cover Letter in Urdu. If you are applying to BPS-10 or upper then you need to write in English. You can use the same method for both languages. Write and choosing a language is depends on which type of company and department are announced vacancies.
How to Write a Cover Letter:
The process of writing a Cover Letter is easy and you need just simple format writing. No detail to write about your vacant. Just write to the point detail mention about you. you have to write in hard copy or soft copy. Hard copy has prescribed the format and you are required to just print and fill it out by hand, and soft copy is you need to write in MS Word and send via e-mail or online. There are given some steps about the Cover letter for your easy understanding. Check also that you have written a specific purpose as your desired jobs. Make the right proofreading after you complete writing a cover letter for job opportunities. Attach a Cover Letter with your personal resume or CV. Match all provided detail as given in the advertisement. <0l>
- Write Your Address and Contact Number which you write under your name on the cover page or at the bottom of the page.
- Mention the Company or Department to which you are applying.
- Write how you know about these posts which you applying like from Friend, Newspaper, or website.
- Write about your Qualification and Experience. if you have a scholarship or internship so must write.
- Say that you like to walk in for an interview for the desired position.
- Make sure you will follow up on rules and policy.
- Tell about that you are interested and work with hardworking.
- Write your name and make your signature at the bottom. If you will send it through E-mail then not need the signature.
Purpose of Cover Letter for Career
The Purpose of the Cover letter is to show your eligibility and specification about yours. You have to show that you are the right person to hire for a specific job. It depends on the experience and skill requirement of the company or organization, and what they want about a suitable person. Your cover letter will affect employment. It will provide what is achievement and goals of your career. Your skills have to make attention and attractive on the selector’s body.
Main parts of the Cover Letter
There is 4 main part into following.
February 23, 2022 at 12:30 pm
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How to Learn Urdu: A Step-by-Step Guide
Learning Urdu is not just about acquiring a new skill; it's a journey into a rich culture filled with history, tradition, and opportunities. In this guide on how to learn Urdu, we'll provide you with practical ideas and resources to set you on the right path to mastering the language.
When you learn Urdu, you not only gain language proficiency but also develop problem-solving skills, creativity, and adaptability. Additionally, it opens doors to connect with new people and cultures, which can be incredibly enriching both personally and professionally.
Urdu, spoken by millions worldwide, is gaining increasing global influence. It's not just a language; it's a bridge to a diverse world.In today's interconnected world, knowing Urdu can be a valuable asset in fields like international business, diplomacy, and even cultural exchange programs.
Getting Started with Urdu Language
Urdu alphabet: the building blocks.
The Urdu alphabet may seem intimidating at first, but fear not; it's unique and manageable. Here's a simplified list of the Urdu alphabet with pronunciation:
To master the Urdu alphabet, consider using resources like flashcards. Follow these steps:
- Create a set of flashcards, each featuring one Urdu letter on the front and its pronunciation on the back.
- Start with a small batch, gradually adding more letters as you progress.
- Review the cards regularly, practicing both recognizing the letter and pronouncing it correctly.
- To reinforce your memory, write down the letter and its pronunciation while saying it out loud.
- Additionally, consider incorporating the flashcards into your daily routine, spending a few minutes each day to ensure consistent practice.
Flashcards can be a powerful tool for mastering the Urdu alphabet, helping you build a solid foundation for your language learning journey.
Basic Grammar: Constructing Sentences in Urdu
The main rules of Urdu grammar involve constructing sentences using a subject-verb-object (SVO) structure, where the subject is followed by the verb and then the object. Verb conjugation is crucial, as it changes depending on the gender and number of the subject. Urdu nouns are gendered, with masculine and feminine forms, and adjectives must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
Verb tenses, such as past, present, and future, are used to indicate the timing of actions. Word order can be flexible, but the subject is often placed before the object. Lastly, Urdu uses postpositions instead of prepositions , which means that modifiers come after the noun they modify. Understanding these fundamental rules is essential for constructing grammatically correct Urdu sentences. Here's an example:
Subject + Verb + Object
- میں کتاب پڑھتا ہوں (Main kitab parhta hoon) - I read a book.
- وہ خوش ہے (Woh khush hai) - She is happy.
To avoid common grammatical errors, remember these tips:
- Verb Conjugation: Pay special attention to verb conjugation patterns in Urdu, as they change depending on the gender and number of the subject. Practice conjugating verbs in various tenses and moods to become more comfortable with different verb forms. Additionally, familiarize yourself with irregular verbs and their conjugations.
- Word Order: While Urdu has a flexible word order, understanding when and how to use different word orders is important. Learn how to emphasize different elements of a sentence by rearranging words. Pay attention to the use of subject-verb-object (SVO), object-verb-subject (OVS), and other word orders in different contexts.
- Punctuation and Sentence Structure: Correct punctuation and sentence structure can significantly impact the clarity of your writing. Understand the use of commas, periods, question marks, and other punctuation marks in Urdu sentences. Also, practice constructing complex sentences and using appropriate connectors and conjunctions to link ideas together coherently.
Common Phrases: Start Speaking Urdu
Learning common phrases can kickstart your Urdu conversations. Here are 20 everyday phrases with pronunciation and English translations:
1. سلام (Salaam) - Hello
2. شکریہ (Shukriya) - Thank you
3. خدا حافظ (Khuda Hafiz) - Goodbye
4. براہ کرم (Barah-e-karam) - Please
5. ہاں (Haan) - Yes
6. نہیں (Nahi) - No
7. میں نے سمجھا (Main ne samjha) - I understand
8. میں نے نہیں سمجھا (Main ne nahi samjha) - I don't understand
9. کیا آپ انگریزی بولتے ہیں؟ (Kya aap angrezi bolte hain?) - Do you speak English?
10. میرا نام ______ ہے (Mera naam ____ hai) - My name is ___
11. میں نے آپ کو دیکھا (Main ne aap ko dekha) - I saw you
12. کیا حال ہے؟ (Kya haal hai?) - How are you?
13. آپ کا شکریہ ہ (Aap ka shukriya) - You're welcome
14. برسات کا موسم ہے (Barsaat ka mausam hai) - It's raining
15. میں طالب علم ہوں (Main talib ilm hoon) - I am a student
16. آپ کیسے ہیں؟ (Aap kaise hain?) - How are you?
17. یہ کتاب کتنی قیمتی ہے؟ (Yeh kitaab kitni qeemti hai?) - How much does this book cost?
18. میں وہ کام کرتا ہوں (Main woh kaam karta hoon) - I do that work
19. کرپایہ (Karpaaya) - Excuse me
20. میں گم ہو گیا ہوں (Main gum ho gaya hoon) - I am lost
To pronounce common phrases in Urdu accurately, consider these three tips:
- First, familiarize yourself with the unique sounds in Urdu, such as 'ṛ,' 'ṣ,' 'ẓ,' 'ṭ,' and 'ain,' by listening to native speakers or language resources.
- Second, practice the correct pronunciation of individual words, paying attention to stress patterns and syllable emphasis to ensure clarity.
- Third, practice speaking the phrases in context by engaging in conversations with native Urdu speakers or using language exchange apps to receive feedback on your pronunciation and intonation.
Tips and Tricks
Here are three useful tips for your studying daily routine to kickstart your Urdu language journey:
- Morning Vocabulary Practice: Start your day by dedicating the first 15-30 minutes to expanding your Urdu vocabulary. Create flashcards with new words or phrases in Urdu and their English translations. Review and memorize them while paying attention to pronunciation. Use language learning apps or online resources that offer daily word-of-the-day features to introduce new vocabulary.
- Grammar Focus in the Afternoon: In the afternoon, allocate time for grammar exercises and practice. Choose a specific aspect of Urdu grammar to work on each day, such as verb conjugation, noun-adjective agreements, or sentence structure. Utilize grammar books, online courses, or language apps that provide exercises and explanations. Practice writing sentences and paragraphs to reinforce what you've learned.
- Evening Language Immersion: In the evening, immerse yourself in Urdu language and culture. Watch Urdu movies, TV shows, or YouTube channels with Urdu content. Listen to Urdu podcasts, music, or news broadcasts. Try to comprehend the content as much as possible, even if you start with simple materials. This routine helps improve your listening comprehension, exposes you to different accents and dialects, and reinforces your connection with the language.
Learning Urdu can be more effective when integrated into your daily routine. Here are three ways to do it:
- Label Objects: Stick labels on objects around your home with their Urdu names. This constant exposure will reinforce your vocabulary.
- Watch Urdu Media: Tune in to Urdu news, movies, or TV shows. It helps you get accustomed to the language's rhythm and pronunciation.
- Join Language Groups: Find online or local language exchange groups where you can practice with native Urdu speakers.
Advanced Urdu Language Learning Tips
Once you've mastered the fundamentals, it's time to delve deeper into the language. Explore more complex grammar rules, expand your vocabulary, and engage in meaningful conversations to enhance your fluency.
Some of the main songs, movies, and books for practicing Urdu include timeless classics like the songs of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, renowned for his qawwali performances, which offer beautiful Urdu lyrics and rich cultural expressions. In the world of movies, classics like "Mughal-e-Azam" and "Umrao Jaan" showcase Urdu dialogue, poetry, and melodious songs, providing a glimpse into the language's cinematic history.
For literature, beginners can explore simple Urdu books like "Urdu Ki Pehli Kitab" by Ibn-e-Insha or "Urdu Ki Akhri Kitab" by Ibn-e-Insha, while more advanced learners can delve into the works of poets like Mirza Ghalib or read modern Urdu novels like "Basti" by Intizar Hussain. These resources offer a diverse range of language experiences, from poetic verses to everyday conversations, making them valuable for practicing and deepening your understanding of Urdu.
Practical experience is invaluable when learning a language. Here are three ways to interact with native Urdu speakers:
- Language Exchange Apps: Platforms like Tandem or HelloTalk connect you with native Urdu speakers for language exchange.
- Online Communities: Join Urdu language forums or social media groups dedicated to language learners.
- Local Meetups: Look for language exchange meetups or cultural events in your area.
Online Urdu Language Courses
Online courses provide structured learning opportunities. Here are three popular online courses for learning Urdu:
- University of California, Berkeley - Urdu Language Program : This program is suitable for beginners and provides a comprehensive introduction to Urdu, covering vocabulary, grammar, reading, writing, and conversation skills. It's a structured course with a focus on building a strong foundation in the language. The university's reputable faculty and resources ensure a high-quality learning experience.
- University of Michigan - Elementary Urdu Course: This course is designed for beginners and covers basic grammar, vocabulary, and communication skills. It provides a solid foundation for those who want to start learning Urdu. The University of Michigan is known for its language programs, making this course a reliable choice for beginners.
- Harvard University - Intermediate Urdu Course : Offers an intermediate Urdu course online, which is ideal for learners who have already mastered the basics. This course focuses on developing more advanced language skills, including reading and analyzing Urdu literature, and engaging in complex conversations. Harvard's prestigious language department ensures the course's academic rigor and quality.
Tutoring: Personalized Guidance for learning Urdu
Tutoring can provide personalized guidance and accelerate your language skills. Here are three platforms to find Urdu language tutors:
- Italki: Provides a platform where you can connect with native Urdu speakers and experienced tutors for personalized one-on-one lessons via video chat. This personalized approach allows you to tailor your learning experience to your specific goals and needs, whether it's improving speaking, listening, grammar, or vocabulary. You can choose from a variety of tutors with different teaching styles and schedules, making it convenient to find a tutor who fits your preferences.
- Preply: It provides access to a diverse pool of experienced Urdu tutors from around the world, enabling you to choose a tutor whose teaching style aligns with your learning preferences and goals. Preply's platform offers flexibility in terms of scheduling, allowing you to set lesson times that suit your availability.
- Verbling: It provides access to a global community of experienced language tutors, including native Urdu speakers, allowing learners to choose a tutor who matches their learning style and objectives. Verbling's platform offers live one-on-one lessons via video chat, ensuring interactive and personalized instruction.
Mobile Apps: Learn Urdu Anytime, Anywhere
Learning Urdu is more accessible than ever with mobile apps. Here are three popular apps to facilitate your Urdu language journey:
- Memrise: Its spaced repetition system helps learners remember words effectively, and the user-generated content ensures a wide range of courses suitable for various levels. It also provides audio and visual cues for pronunciation, making it excellent for building vocabulary and improving listening skills. Memrise's engaging format encourages consistent practice, making it an enjoyable resource for language learners.
- HelloTalk: You can engage in text, voice, or video conversations, allowing you to practice speaking and listening skills with real native speakers. It offers language correction features, so you receive feedback on your messages, ensuring accurate communication. The app also includes translation tools, a language partner finder, and a news feed for language learning content, creating a well-rounded language learning experience.
- UrduPod101: Its content includes grammar explanations, vocabulary lessons, cultural insights, and practical dialogues, offering a holistic approach to language learning. The lessons are suitable for learners of all levels, from beginners to advanced, and come with downloadable materials and lesson notes. Additionally, UrduPod101 offers a community aspect where learners can engage with teachers and fellow students, fostering a supportive and immersive learning environment.
Books: A Rich Resource for learning Urdu
Teaching books are a valuable resource for in-depth learning. Here are three teaching books for Urdu:
- "Teach Yourself Urdu" by David Matthews and Kasim Dalvi : It offers a comprehensive introduction to the language, covering essential grammar, vocabulary, and cultural insights. The book includes dialogues, exercises, and pronunciation guides to help learners grasp the basics of Urdu effectively. "Teach Yourself Urdu" is known for its user-friendly approach and gradual progression, making it an excellent choice for self-study.
- "Urdu: An Essential Grammar" by Ruth Laila Schmidt : It is a highly regarded reference book. It delves into the intricacies of Urdu grammar, providing explanations of key concepts, rules, and examples. This book is particularly useful for those who want to understand the structural aspects of the language and gain a solid foundation in Urdu grammar.
- "Complete Urdu: A Teach Yourself Guide" by David Matthews and Mohamed Kasim Dalvi: It covers various aspects of the language, including grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation, in a structured and accessible manner. The book includes dialogues, exercises, cultural insights, and audio recordings to help learners develop their listening and speaking skills. It's suitable for beginners and those looking to build a strong foundation in Urdu.
Videos and Podcasts: Immersive Learning
Videos and podcasts offer immersive language learning experiences. Here are three channels offering Urdu language content:
- UrduPod101 (YouTube Channel): Offers an extensive collection of YouTube videos for learning Urdu. These videos cover a wide range of topics, from grammar lessons and vocabulary explanations to cultural insights and practical conversations. They are suitable for learners at various levels, from beginners to advanced, and are accompanied by visual aids and subtitles to enhance understanding.
- Learn Urdu with UrduPod101 (Podcast) : It is an audio-based resource that offers a convenient way to improve your Urdu listening and speaking skills on the go. It features a series of audio lessons that cover different aspects of the language, including pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and cultural topics. The lessons are designed to be practical and engaging, making them suitable for learners of all levels.
- Urdu Studio: It is a YouTube channel dedicated to teaching Urdu to learners of all levels. The channel offers a wide range of videos covering Urdu grammar lessons, vocabulary building, pronunciation guides, and practical conversations. The lessons are presented in a clear and engaging manner, making it accessible for beginners while also offering content for more advanced learners. Additionally, the channel provides cultural insights and tips for better understanding Urdu language and culture.
Conclusion: How to learn Urdu
In this guide, we've explored "How to learn Urdu" step by step. From mastering the alphabet to finding the right resources and engaging with native speakers, you now have a roadmap to start your learning process.
Remember, consistency, practice, and a love for the language are your keys to success. So, get started, and soon you'll find yourself conversing fluently in Urdu, opening doors to a world of culture and connection.
How long does it take to learn Urdu?
The time it takes to learn Urdu depends on various factors, including your prior language learning experience, the amount of time you dedicate daily, and your learning methods. On average, it may take several months to become proficient in basic conversation, and years to achieve fluency.
How hard is it to learn Urdu?
Learning Urdu can be challenging, but it's certainly achievable with dedication and the right resources. The script and grammar may seem complex at first, but with consistent practice and effective learning strategies, you can make steady progress.
How can I learn Urdu quickly?
To learn Urdu quickly, immerse yourself in the language as much as possible. Practice regularly, engage with native speakers, and use a combination of resources like language apps, books, and courses to expedite your learning.
How can I learn Urdu at home on my own?
Learning Urdu at home is entirely feasible. Start by mastering the alphabet, then progress to basic grammar and common phrases. Use online courses, mobile apps, books, and videos to supplement your learning. Engage with native speakers through language exchange platforms or local meetups.
How can I become fluent in Urdu?
Becoming fluent in Urdu requires consistent effort and practice. Beyond the basics, focus on expanding your vocabulary, improving your listening and speaking skills, and engaging in meaningful conversations with native speakers. Immersion in Urdu media, such as movies, music, and books, can also aid fluency development.
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Write Urdu online
Best online english to urdu typing tool.
Type in URDU (Press Ctrl+g to toggle between English and URDU)
Steps to write Urdu online using English alphabets
- Start typing roman Urdu(using English alphabets) words in above box
- Press space bar and see the word convert to Urdu menuscript automatically
- If you don't get the correct Urdu word press backspace button two times and you will get Urdu word suggestions then you can select the correct word.
- Copy the final text written in Urdu using Copy to Clipboard paste it wherever you like!
- To type "میرا خیال ہے" in Urdu alphabet just write "mera khyal hai"
- To write your name for facebook or twitter simple type your name in English and press space bar
- if you like to apply styles or formatting to your Urdu text you can use Urdu Rich Text Editor
- You don't need to download additional urdu typing software just open website.
- Some of the Frequently Asked Questions about Urdu
- Happy writing Urdu online !!
How to use Write Urdu different features
Urdu Verb Conjugation: A Beginner’s Companion
In this article, we’re going to cover one of the most crucial topics in Urdu language learning: Urdu verb conjugation. Having learned the basics of Urdu verbs, you may be able to hold basic conversations; however, in order to become a non-native advanced Urdu expert, you need to strengthen your grip on verb conjugation in Urdu. You should also become familiar with Urdu grammar tenses. → Before continuing, we recommend that you read our article on the 100+ Must-Know Urdu Verbs and check out our lesson on the Top 25 Urdu Verbs for Beginners .
- Why is it Important to Study Urdu Verb Conjugation?
- What is Conjugation?
- Verb Groups
- Bonus for the Ambitious Learners
- Some Rare Irregular Urdu Verbs
- Rehearse with Us
1. Why is it Important to Study Urdu Verb Conjugation?
To learn about conjugation in Urdu is a Herculean task. Nevertheless, with enough motivation, you really can gain a strong understanding of this important topic. But why should you?
If you want to master the Urdu language, you absolutely need to understand Urdu verb conjugation. This is especially important when trying to converse with someone in an Urdu-speaking country like Pakistan . If you don’t know anything about Urdu verb conjugation, you’ll have a miserable time trying to communicate.
Finally, when you learn about conjugation, you’re able to study many other aspects of Urdu grammar at the same time. This includes things like tenses, moods, and persons.
2. What is Conjugation?
When you conjugate a verb in Urdu , you’re changing that verb to show tense, person, number, and mood. In Urdu, the word for “conjugation” is فعل کی گردان کرنا ( fail ki girdaan kerna ).
Now, let’s look through each of the different things that affect conjugation in Urdu, starting with the person.
In Urdu, we have six different persons:
- واحد متکلم ( wahid mutkalim ) — first person singular
- جمع متکلم ( jama mutkalim ) — first person plural
- واحد حاضر ( wahid hazir ) — second person singular
- جمع حاضر ( jama hazir ) — second person plural
- واحد غائب ( wahid ghaeb ) — third person singular
- جمع غائب ( jama ghaeb ) — third person plural
Study the Urdu conjugation chart below to better understand how the person affects conjugation.
In the Urdu language, a verb almost always conjugates according to the person. Here’s an example of what this looks like:
- میں کھاتا ہوں mei khata hun. “I eat.”
- ہم کھاتے ہیں۔ hum khatay hain. “We eat.”
- تم کھاتے ہو۔ tum khatay ho. “You eat.”
- وہ کھاتے ہیں۔ woh khatay hain. “They eat.”
Grammatical mood depicts the intention or feeling of a specific action. Below you’ll find what the verb “play” looks like in each mood.
- میں کھلیتا ہوں mei khelta hun. “I play.”
- کاش میں کھیلتا۔ kaash mei khelta. “I wish that I could play.”
- اگر تم نہ اٹھاتے تو بچہ کھیلتا رہتا۔ agar tum na uthatay to bacha khelta rehta. “The baby might play if you do not pick him up.”
- روزانہ فٹبال کھیلو۔ rozana football khelo. “Play football daily.”
“Play football daily.”
- کھیلنا Khelna “To play”
Grammatical voice is another aspect that affects Urdu verb conjugation. The two voices are active and passive, which we’re sure you’re familiar with. Here’s an example:
I- Active Voice
- وہ فٹبال کھیلے۔ woh football khelay. “They played football.”
II- Passive Voice
- انھوں نے فٹبال کھیلا۔ unho nay football khela. “Football was played by them.”
In Urdu verb conjugation, grammatical gender also plays an important role. The two genders in Urdu are masculine and feminine. For example:
- میں کالج جاتا ہوں۔ mei college jata hun. “I go to college.”
- میں کالج جاتی ہوں۔ mei college jati hun. “I go to college.”
In the example sentences, the base form of the verb جانا ( jana ) changed based on gender. In the first sentence, جاتا ہوں ( jata hun ) is used to denote the masculinity of the subject; in the second sentence, جاتی ہوں ( jati hun ) is used to denote the femininity of the subject.
Finally, the tenses also affect conjugation in Urdu. Let’s take a look:
- فعل حال مطلق ( fail haal mutliq ) — Present Indefinite
- فعل ماضی مطلق ( fail maazi mutliq ) — Past Indefinite
- فعل مستقبل مطلق ( fail mustaqbil mutliq ) — Future Indefinite
- فعل حال جاری ( fail haal jari ) — Present Continuous
- فعل ماضی جاری ( fail maazi jari ) — Past Continuous
- فعل مستقبل جاری ( fail mustaqbil jari ) — Future Continuous
- فعل حال مکمل ( fail haal mukammal ) — Present Perfect
- فعل ماضی مکمل ( fail maazi muakaaml ) — Past Perfect
- فعل مستقبل مکمل ( fail mustaqbil mukammal ) — Future Perfect
- فعل حال مکمل جاری ( fail haal mukammal jari ) — Present Perfect Continuous
- فعل ماضی مکمل جاری ( fail maazi muakammal jari ) — Past Perfect Continuous
- فعل مستقبل مکمل جاری ( fail mustaqbil mukammal jari ) — Future Perfect Continuous
Don’t worry too much about memorizing all of the tenses above. You can get along just fine by simply grouping verbs into three main tenses:
- زمانہ ماضی ( zamana maazi ) — Past Tense
- زمانہ حال ( zamana haal ) — Present Tense
- زمانہ مستقبل ( zamana mustaqbil ) — Future Tense
3. Verb Groups
Okay, now we’re going to look at Urdu verb groups based on verb endings. In the following sections, we’ll provide you with several Urdu verb conjugation charts to help you better understand how conjugation works within each group.
For your convenience, in the following examples, we’ll use a single Urdu verb: لکھنا ( likhna ), meaning “to write.” This will help you understand the formation of different Urdu verb conjugations more easily.
1- Verbs with تا ہے / تی ہے / تے ہیں / تاہوں / تی ہو ( ta hai / ti hai / tay hain / ta hun / ti ho ) at the end
First, we’ll look at an Urdu verb conjugation chart explaining the ending words of the present simple tense. In this case, the sentence in Urdu will always end with a verb having تا ہے / تی ہے / تے ہیں ( ta hai / ti hai / tay hain ) at the end.
2- Verbs ending with ا / یا ( alif / ya )
Below is another Urdu verb conjugation chart that shows the Urdu verb in the past simple tense. The ending words of the verb, in this case, are ا /یا ( alif / ya ) .
3- Verbs ending with ے گا / گے ( ye ga/gay )
By removing the نا from the end of the infinitive and replacing it with ے گا/گے ( ye ga/gay ), you’ll get the future simple tense in the Urdu language. This verb group will help you to talk about future plans with others. Study the chart below to see how this works.
As explained earlier, the basic purpose of using the single infinitive لکھنا ( likhna ), or “to write,” is to show you how the different conjugations work on the same verb. If you successfully learn the basic rules and groups of Urdu conjugations, you’ll be able to utilize them effectively in your Urdu reading, writing, and conversations.
4. Bonus for the Ambitious Learners
In order to bring clarity and depth to the topic of Urdu verb conjugation, study the Urdu verb conjugation chart below. It shows the conjugation of لکھنا ( likhna ) for all tenses. This is for the learners who are ready and willing to go a step further.
5. Some Rare Irregular Urdu Verbs
Like all languages, Urdu has a few irregular verbs of its own. Fortunately, there aren’t very many of these for you to learn. Below, we’ll cover two verbs that have odd conjugations in the past tense.
- جانا Jana “To go”
The verb جانا ( jana ) conjugates normally, except in the past case. You can see this change in the table below.
- کرنا Kerna “To do”
Similarly, the verb کرنا ( kerna ) will conjugate normally except in the past case. You can see this change in the table below.
6. Rehearse with Us
Having learned the basics of Urdu verb conjugation, it’s crucial that you practice your skills and test your knowledge.
1- Conduct Multiple Practice Sessions Yourself
Become the master of your own destiny by practicing Urdu verb conjugation yourself. The best way to start is to pick up a few Urdu verbs from different resources available on UrduPod101.com and use them by imagining several day-to-day situations. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes, because every mistake will take you one step closer to your destination.
Now, here’s a quiz on Urdu verb conjugation! Give the correct conjugation of each verb for the examples below.
1. وہ اچھا گانا ـــــــــــــــــ ۔ woh acha gana ________ . “She sings well.”
The verb to be used in the sentence above is گانا .
2. جلد ہی تم ایک اچھی خبر ــــــــــــــــ۔ ۔ jald he tum aik achi khabar _____________ . “You will listen to the good news soon.” (when addressing a man)
The verb to be used in the sentence above is سننا .
3. تم ایک غلطی ــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ۔ tum ek ghalti ____________ . “You were repeating a mistake.” (male speaker)
The verb to be used in the sentence above is دوہرانا .
4. میں جاپان ــــــــــــــــــ ۔ mei Japan _________. “I went to Japan.” (male speaker)
The verb to be used in the sentence above is جانا .
5. وہ مدد ـــــــــــــــــ ۔ woh madad mang raha hai. “He is asking for help.”
The verb to be used in the sentence above is مانگنا .
If you’ve hit the bull’s eye, congratulations! If you’re confused about the correct answers, though, follow the quiz key below.
3- Key to Quiz
1. وہ اچھا گانا گاتی ہے۔
(Present Simple Tense)
2. جلد ہی تم ایک اچھی خبر سنو گے۔
(Future Simple Tense)
3. تم ایک غلطی دوہرا رہے تھے۔
(Past Continuous Tense)
4. میں جاپان گیا۔
(Past Simple Tense)
5. وہ مدد مانگ رہاہے۔
(Present Continuous Tense)
If you’re still a bit confused, feel free to consult the charts and tables from this article. These will empower you to find out the logic behind each answer. You can also reach out to us in the comments if you still have questions!
In this article, you’ve learned about Urdu verb conjugation with various illustrations and examples. Hopefully, you found all the details that you wished for. Nonetheless, if we missed anything, let us know! We’ll give you that information as soon as possible.
In addition, visiting UrduPod101.com is a must. We have tons of Urdu language learning resources, so if you haven’t explored it thoroughly yet, be sure to do so soon. You’ll get access to sumptuous knowledge and information pertaining to the Urdu language.
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Qissa – A Digital Platform For Urdu Writers
Urdu writers in Pakistan have been decreasing lately. One reason for its downfall is the traditional publishing methods used by Urdu publishers. There has been a decline in Urdu language since English writers and publishers in Pakistan have grown quickly in the past few years. It is a crucial time for Urdu readers and writers to save the glory of the dying language. Daastan has been working towards the improvement of the literary space in Pakistan. Through digitizing the publishing process, Daastan seeks to revive the reading and writing culture in Pakistan.
How Daastan Supports Urdu Writers
Since its inception, Daastan has been keen to promote education , literacy and healthy learning in Pakistan. Daastan has always laid equal importance on literature in Urdu as well as English. At Qissa we have published around 70 Urdu books and are working on many more. We believe the best way to keep a language alive is to read it. Since Urdu is our national language , we know it a lot better than English, which means we can write better in this language. While writing in English, most writers struggle with translating their thoughts into words. With Urdu, it is a lot easier consequently producing finer stories.
Services For Urdu Writers
Daastan provides Editing services for Urdu writers . Our Urdu Editorial works with the author to help them improve their book. A basic level editing includes spell check , and editor’s advice on improving the manuscript. This level of editing is required for ebook publishing . Level 2 for Urdu editing includes grammar check , fixing the sentence structure and formatting the text. Our Editor will discuss your story, layout and characters in detail and work with you to improve the text. At the third level, our Editor will guide you with formatting the book for print , after a detailed overview of the text. Any required changes will be made with the help of expert Urdu Editors to ensure good quality of your book. Our Urdu Editorial also offers a customised Mentorship program for writers where you can learn and explore different genres and writing techniques through exercises.
Importance Of Urdu Language
The world today is no longer disconnected . Countries are interdependent in terms of economic, political and social activities . In this global village, sticking to regional languages seems like a backward idea to many. Most writers want their name to be known all over the world. Pakistani writers too, perhaps carry the same vision . To broaden their market and reach out more people, writers stick to English language. On the contrary, protecting and safeguarding your language is probably more important today than ever. With an increasing threat to smaller cultures and languages, we need to make sure that our language survives and flourishes .
If you are an Urdu writer , Daastan is the best place for you. We do not treat your books as merely a product that has to be sold. For us, it is our cause. Publish your book with us today and join our mission to revive the reading culture in Pakistan!
مجمعے کی دوسری عورت از بشریٰ اقبال.
Aslam o alaikum! I want to publish my novel. So please can I get detail about it.?
You can have a look at meraqissa.com/page/publishing to understand the process of publishing.
Hi, I am intrested in knowing can you publish my urdu horror story on your page?
Hey, We only publish eBooks or printed copies. You will have to get your stories published on Qissa.
Kis trhan hum koi b story likh sakte??
Check all details here: https://www.meraqissa.com/page/publishing/
I want to publish a story
I want to publish my Urdu long story it’s like a dramatic story. Where and how should I submit ?
Hey! I wanted to publish my article on your website. How can I send you?
Asslam.o.alikum I wonna publish my novel stories on your website kindly tell me details
I want to publish articles,afsana on ur website..How can I send you
I want serve u by novel drama article writing
I want to publish my article plz guide.
We only publish books Check all details here: https://www.meraqissa.com/page/publishing/
If I publish a novel, will you pay for it?
We offer self-publishing only.
Assalamualaikum This is Dr.Afsana I want publish my urdu book which is based on women health. Will you please help me to publish this book.
Hello, Kindly visit this link for all details regarding publishing process: https://www.meraqissa.com/page/publishing/
Can i send u an episode of my novel… Is it the website of publishing novels..? If it is not then kindly tell me about procedure that how can i bublish my novel… By sendig episode one by one or what about the fund.
I want to earn mery pas bht interesting ideas hoty hen r mera writing skill b acha h r Mje urdu me likhna he psnd h. Mery pas aj kl ki stories type k ideas ni hoty blcul different hoty hen but issue ye h k mae ks pr trust kru? Mae publish kesy kru don’t know Mje fame b chaheay r earn to definitely krna h. Kia ap koi help pr razi hen?
i wanted to upload my urdu novel on your website, how i can send on your site
How to publish???
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- How to self publish a book in Urdu Language: Essential Guide
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Looking to publish a book in Urdu Language ? Urdu is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family. Urdu is spoken as a first language by approximately 70 million people and as a second language by more than 100 million people, primarily in Pakistan and India. Urdu is one of the most proficient languages. It is the language of poets, known as shayars in Urdu, and it defines beauty and grace. Urdu is both Pakistan’s official language and an identity symbol for Indian Muslims.
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- Urdu is the official state language of Pakistan and is also formally recognised, or “scheduled,” under India’s constitution. Significant speech communities can also be found in the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Notably, Urdu and Hindi are mutually understandable.
- Urdu evolved from the regional Apabhramsha of northern India in the 12th century CE, acting as a linguistic modus vivendi after the Muslim conquest. Amir Khosrow (1253-1325) was its first prominent poet, writing dohas (couplets), folk melodies, and riddles in the newly developed Hindvi language.
- Except for minor differences in short vowel allophones, Urdu sounds are phonologically identical to Hindi sounds. Urdu also has a full set of aspirated stops (sounds emphasised with a quick release with an audible breath), a feature of Indo-Aryan, as well as retroflex stops.
- The spirants have the most sounds retained, which are sounds spoken with the friction of breath against some part of the oral route, in this case,/f/, /z/, /zh/, /x/, and /g/. One stop sound, the glottal /q/, has also been kept from Perso-Arabic.
- Urdu, like Hindi, is a Hindustani language. Some linguists believe that the earliest forms of Urdu emerged from the mediaeval (6th to 13th century) Apabhraa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, which is also the predecessor of several modern Indo-Aryan languages.
- Historians claim that it emerged and flourished in Delhi during the ‘Delhi Sultanate’ period from the 12th to the 16th century, and then again during the ‘Mughal Empire’ period from the 16th to the 19th century, when various court poets employed this language in their famous poetry and literature. It was later developed in the Deccan states.
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Things to keep in mind before you publish a book in Urdu Language?
Urdu literature has been adored from past many centuries and so are their authors. Urdu books are one of the most popular pieces of literature – many self publishing houses also are welcoming towards the literature that is soothing, peaceful, and about raw human emotions.
However, selecting a decent publishing house is also difficult. So, here are a few pointers to help you select the finest Urdu publishing house for you:
- Make a list of possible publishing houses: Find various sorts of self-publishing houses and submit a query to get a brief overview of what each publishing house offers and the pros and downsides of each publishing house.
- Do study each offer and its pros and cons: Now that you have all of the facts, you must compare which publishing houses are best for you. While they will undoubtedly assist you in creating the bundle, you must also be clear about what is best for your book. This will undoubtedly assist you and the self-publishing firm in determining which services are appropriate for your book. The packages include editing , cover design , paper quality selection, online and offline promotion, and other activities related to book creation.
- Trust the process: Discuss everything with them, then sign a contract to start the process. Keep up with the process and enjoy the thrill of becoming a new self published author . Make sure you know what you need on your cover page, the genre of your book, and who your target audience is. Make an effort to be a good sport as a client or author, and keep your project team members motivated as well.
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Listed below are some of the Urdu Books self published by BlueRose Publishers :
Tawaaf e Aalam (Truth of the Life) by Shahzad Ali Self Published Urdu Book by BlueRose Publishers
Tawaaf e Aalam (Truth of the Life) by Shahzad Ali
Dawat Ittehad-e-Millat by Shahzad Ali Self Published Urdu Book by BlueRose Publishers
Dawat Ittehad-e-Millat by Shahzad Ali
Create & publish your book for free.
Alfaz e- Ishq by Imran Ahmad Sheikh Self Published Urdu Book by BlueRose Publishers
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Alama Iqbal Aur Syed Nazir Nayazi by Dr. Ifshana Nazir Self Published Urdu Book by BlueRose Publishers
Alama Iqbal Aur Syed Nazir Nayazi by Dr. Ifshana Nazir
Syed Nazeer Niazi was an eminent Muslim scholar, professor and journalist. He was one of the leading activists of the Pakistan movement. He was James Boswell of Allama Iqbal. His biography of Iqbal, Iqbal kay Hazoor, and Maktoobat-e-Iqbal Banaam Nazir Niazi are basic sources for the study of Iqbal.the author has brought forth every aspect of Syed nazir’s works on Iqbal.
Abdul Qawi Dasnavi Ek Iqbal Shinass by Dr. Ifshana Nazir Self Published Urdu Book by BlueRose Publishers
Abdul Qawi Dasnavi Ek Iqbal Shinass by Dr. Ifshana Nazir
We BlueRose Publishers publish books in many regional languages like Punjabi , Tamil , Telugu , Malayalam , Marathi , Bengali , Kannada and many more. You can get in touch with us with your queries and your manuscripts. We will be over joyed to help you become an author – just like you dreamed.
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