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- How to cite a book in APA Style
How to Cite a Book in APA Style | Format & Examples
Published on November 14, 2019 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 4, 2022.
A book citation in APA Style always includes the author’s name, the publication year, the book title, and the publisher. Use the interactive tool to see examples.
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Table of contents, basic book citation format, ebooks and online books, citing a chapter from an edited book, multivolume books, where to find the information for an apa book citation, frequently asked questions about apa style citations.
The in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year, and (if relevant) a page number.
In the reference list , start with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year. The book title is written in sentence case (only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns ). Include any other contributors (e.g. editors and translators) and the edition if specified (e.g. “2nd ed.”).
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A citation of an ebook (i.e. a book accessed on an e-reader) or a book viewed online (e.g. on Google Books or in PDF form ) includes the DOI where available. If there is no DOI, link to the page where you viewed the book, or where the ebook can be purchased or accessed.
Since ebooks sometimes do not include page numbers, APA recommends using other methods of identifying a specific passage in your in-text citations—for example, a chapter or section title, or a paragraph number.
When citing a particular chapter from a book containing texts by various authors (e.g. a collection of essays), begin the citation with the author of the chapter and mention the book’s editor(s) later in the reference. A page range identifies the chapter’s location in the book.
Some books come in multiple volumes. You may want to cite the entire book if you’ve used multiple volumes, or just a single volume if that was all you used.
Citing a single volume
When citing from one volume of a multivolume book, the format varies slightly depending on whether each volume has a title or just a number.
If the volume has a specific title, this should be written as part of the title in your reference list entry.
Eliot, T. S. (2015). The poems of T. S. Eliot: Vol. 1. Collected and uncollected poems (C. Ricks & J. McCue, Eds.). Faber & Faber.
If the volume is only numbered, not titled, the volume number is not italicized and appears in parentheses after the title.
Dylan, B. (2005). Chronicles (Vol. 1) . Simon & Schuster.
Citing a multivolume book as a whole
When citing the whole book, mention the volumes in parentheses after the title. Individual volume titles are not included even if they do exist.
Eliot, T. S. (2015). The poems of T. S. Eliot (Vols. 1–2) (C. Ricks & J. McCue, Eds.). Faber & Faber.
All the information you need to cite a book can usually be found on the title and copyright pages.
The APA reference list entry for the book above would look like this:
Butler, C. (2002). Postmodernism: A very short introduction . Oxford University Press.
When a book’s chapters are written by different authors, you should cite the specific chapter you are referring to.
When all the chapters are written by the same author (or group of authors), you should usually cite the entire book, but some styles include exceptions to this.
- In APA Style , single-author books should always be cited as a whole, even if you only quote or paraphrase from one chapter.
- In MLA Style , if a single-author book is a collection of stand-alone works (e.g. short stories ), you should cite the individual work.
- In Chicago Style , you may choose to cite a single chapter of a single-author book if you feel it is more appropriate than citing the whole book.
The abbreviation “ et al. ” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten APA in-text citations with three or more authors . Here’s how it works:
Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).
In the 7th edition of the APA manual, no location information is required for publishers. The 6th edition previously required you to include the city and state where the publisher was located, but this is no longer the case.
If you’re citing from an edition other than the first (e.g. a 2nd edition or revised edition), the edition appears in the reference, abbreviated in parentheses after the book’s title (e.g. 2nd ed. or Rev. ed.).
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- Library Guides
APA 7th Referencing
Apa 7th referencing: books.
- In-text referencing
- Compiling a Reference list
- Citing tables and figures
- DOIs and Live hyperlinks
- Secondary sources
- Journal Articles
- Reports & Grey Literature
- Conference Materials
- Datasets, Software & Tests
- Social Media
- Images, tables & figures
- Sound & video
- Legislation & Cases
- Personal Communications
- Standards & Patents
- Course Notes or Course Presentations
- Generative AI
- Sample Reference List
On this page
Basic format to reference a book.
- Referencing a book: Examples
APA Referencing: Books and e-books from Victoria University Library on Vimeo .
Select the 'cc' on the video to turn on/off the captions.
A basic reference list entry for an e-book that you have retrieved from a Library database (with no DOI)* in APA must include:
- Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
- Year of publication of the book (in round brackets).
- Book title (in italics ).
- Edition (in round brackets), if other than first.
- DOI. Include a DOI for all works that have one, regardless of whether you used the online version or print version.
- The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.
Example: Hasler, E. (2018). The built environment. Liverpool University Press.
*IMPORTANT: An e-book retrieved from an academic database that does not have a DOI is referenced as though it were the print version.
For books with multiple authors, edited books, print books, online books (other than from a Library database), and chapters in books see examples below.
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- URL: https://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/apa-referencing
APA 6th Referencing Style Guide
- APA referencing style
- In-text citation
- Reference list
Book compilations / custom publications
Notes on the reference list, secondary citations.
- TV, film & video
- Tables, figures & images
- Personal communications
- Lecture notes
- Social media
- Computer software & mobile applications
- Legislation & cases
- Standards & patents
- Specific health examples
- Exhibition catalogue
Reference format for print books
Reference list entry:
- Use the first few words of the title, or the complete title if short, as listed in your reference list, and the date.
- double quotation marks for the title of an article or chapter or webpage;
- italics for the title of a journal or book or brochure or report;
- capitals for both.
Two - seven authors
In-text citations - two authors
- Use " and " between author names in a sentence
- Use " & " between author names in an in-text citation
- In the reference list use " & "
- Always give both authors each time you cite the work
In-text citations - three, four or five authors
- Give all authors the first time you cite them
- In subsequent citations, give only the first author and et al.
- Include the year if this is the first citation of this reference in the paragraph
In-text citations - six or more authors
- Cite only the surname of the first author, et al. and the year (always give the year).
Corporate author (organization)
Reference list entry:
- The first time you cite it in-text, write the corporate author in full with its abbreviation in square brackets "[...]" plus date.
- In subsequent citations use the abbreviation plus date.
Unabbreviated corporate authors
Write the corporate author in full every time if it is not well known by abbreviation.
Corporate author as publisher
In the reference list, where the author and publisher are the same, use the word Author in the publisher position.
New edition of a book
Chapter from an edited book
- the author(s) of the chapter is the main entry in your reference list and in your in text citation
Chapter from an edited book, newer edition
Book with a volume number of a series.
Several volumes in a multivolume work
Reprints and translations
- give the date of the version that you have read after the author; put the date of the original publication at the end
- in text give both dates: (Freud, 1900/1953).
- in text give both dates: (Plato, 380 B.C./1961)
Wordless picture book
Reference list entry :
Graphic novel where author and illustrator are given equal credit for authorship
Always use the DOI (digital object identifier) for an e-book if it is available.
Ebook - with doi:, ebook - kindle:, ebook - free online, no doi:.
- include the full URL or the site's homepage URL, whichever takes you to the source more reliably
ebook - via the AUT Library, no DOI:
- Replace the URL of the database with the homepage of the publisher.
Replace the database URL for the reference above,
with the Proquest homepage URL:
Chapter in an edited ebook - with DOI:
Chapter in an edited ebook - not from AUT Library:
- If the date of the most recent change or update is not clear from the website entry, include the retrieval date
Online dictionary definition:
In-text citations guide
- Treat a book that is a compilation of chapters from other books and published specifically for AUT (or another organisation) as an edited book
- Include the name and centre for which it is published, if that is stated with the other publishing details in the first few pages of the book
Book - where the organisation for which the book is compiled is not named:
Book - where the organisation is named:
A reference list only lists the sources you have referred to in your writing.
The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader. It also gives credit to authors whose work and ideas you have considered. All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as conversations or emails) which cannot be retrieved.
A bibliography is different from a reference list as it lists all the sources used during your research and background reading, not just the ones you refer to in your writing.
Reference list example
A secondary citation is where you are citing information or quotes the author of your reference has taken from source that you have not read.
- Name the author of the original work in your text, cite the secondary source in in-text citation: (as cited in ..., 1993)
Reference list entry:
- Give the secondary source in the reference list.
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How to Cite a Book in APA Format
Kendra Cherry, MS, is a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist, psychology educator, and author of the "Everything Psychology Book."
Emily is a board-certified science editor who has worked with top digital publishing brands like Voices for Biodiversity, Study.com, GoodTherapy, Vox, and Verywell.
Tom Werner / Getty Images
- Basic Structure
- One or More Authors
- Article Within a Book
Multivolume work, ebook or audiobook.
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is used in both academic and professional writing.
Before you create a reference page for your papers, essays, articles, or reports, it is important to learn how to format your references in proper APA style . This style dictates certain rules and guidelines for different types of references, including books.
Not all book citations are the same in APA style. The format may vary depending on a number of factors including the type of book and number of authors.
APA Book Citation: Basic Structure
The basic structure of a book reference should list the author's last name, the first initial of their first name, the first initial of their middle name (if applicable), publication year, book title, edition (if it isn't the first), and publisher. This is the same format for both books and ebooks. If the source has a DOI link, that should also be included at the end of the reference.
The following example shows one citation with a DOI hyperlink and the second without. Note the punctuation and style. The year of publication is in parentheses. The book title is italicized and in sentence case, and the edition information is in parentheses.
Book Citations in APA
Jackson, L. M. (2019). The psychology of prejudice: From attitudes to social action (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000168-000
Rogers, C. R. (1961). On becoming a person. Houghton Mifflin.
This basic format can be used for many types of books that have a single author or multiple authors. However, you may need to use one of the following formats for books that are edited, have no author, are translated, or require some specialized formatting.
Edited Book With One or More Authors
Edited books with one or more authors will include the names of the editors in the citation. It should follow the basic structure of a book reference but also include the first name initial, last name, and "Ed." for one editor or "Eds." for multiple editors in parentheses after the book title. Use an ampersand to separate multiple authors and multiple editors.
Citing Authors and Editors
Adler, A. (1956). The individual psychology of Alfred Adler: A systematic presentation of selections from his writings. (H. L. Ansbacher, & R. R. Ansbacher, Eds.). Basic Books.
Marson, G., Keenan-Miller, D., & Costin, C. (2020). The binge eating prevention workbook. (M. Solis, Ed.). New Harbinger Publications.
Edited Book With No Author
Edited books with no author should list the editors first. List the last name and first initial of the editor, followed by "Ed." or "Eds." in parentheses. The remainder of the reference should follow the basic structure and include the publication year, book title in italics, and publisher.
If the book is anything other than the first edition, it should also be noted in parentheses after the title of the book, with no italics. Remember, you don't need to include the publisher's location.
Atkinson, J. W., & Rayner, J. O. (Eds.). (1974). Motivation and achievement. V. H. Winston.
Article Featured in an Edited Book
Sometimes edited books feature a collection of articles written by different authors. To cite an article in such a collection, you should list the last name and first initial of the individual author(s), followed by the publication date and chapter title.
Next, the editors should be listed, followed by the title of the book and the page numbers of the chapter. The publisher's name goes last.
Citing an Article in a Book
Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2005). History of forensic psychology. In I. B. Weiner, & A. K. Hess (Eds.), The Handbook of Forensic Psychology (pp.1-27). Wiley.
Many famous psychology texts were originally written in another language and then translated into English. Books translated from another language should include the last name and first initial of the author, followed by the year of publication and book title.
The first initials and last name of the translator and the notation "Trans." should then be included in parentheses. Next, provide the publisher and the original year of publication.
Citing a Translator
Freud, S. (1914). The psychopathology of everyday life (A. A. Brill, Trans.). T. Fisher Unwin. (Original work published 1901).
If you're referencing a republished book, the in-text citation should include both the original and republished date. For example, if you were to reference the publication above in text, you would write "(Freud 1901/1914)."
The APA style guide also explains how to cite a multivolume work. You list the last name and first initial of the author(s) or editor(s), followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Then, you put the name of the publication in italics in sentence case.
You list the specific volumes in parentheses, using a hyphen between digits. You then list the name of the publisher.
Citing a Multivolume Work
Harris, K. R., Graham, S., & Urdan T. (Eds.). (2012). APA educational psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). American Psychological Association.
If the ebook or audiobook is also in print and the content is the same, you can cite it the same way you would a print book. However, with audiobooks, you might wish to call out specific information such as the narrator's name.
If you are crediting the narrator of an audiobook, the format is the last name and the initial of the author's first name, then the year of publication in parentheses. After listing the name of the book in italics, you put the first initial and the last name of the narrator, followed by "Narr." in parentheses.
Then you add "Audiobook" in brackets, followed by the publisher's name and URL. The seventh edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" gives the following example:
Citing an Audiobook
Rowling, J. K. (2015). Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone (J. Dale, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Pottermore Publishing. http://bit.ly/2TcHchx (Original work published 1997)
More Tips to Follow
It may seem like there's a lot of information to keep in mind as you cite books in APA style. But remember, the more you practice, the easier it gets!
As you use citations throughout your paper, you'll want to make sure you keep track of them separately so you can add them to your reference page at the end.
Traditionally the term “citation” is used to refer to an in-text source while “reference” is the correct term for a source listed on the reference page of an APA format paper.
The following are some helpful tips to keep in mind as you write an APA-style reference paper:
- Double-space : Remember that your reference page needs to be double-spaced.
- Indent : The first line of each reference should be flush left with the margin of the page. Each subsequent line of your reference should be indented.
- Use the DOI : If a digital object identifier (DOI) is available, include it at the end of the reference.
- Include the URL : If a book has been accessed via an online database , follow the basic APA format and include the full URL at the end.
- Follow additional guidelines : Be sure you are following the other guidelines for your reference page.
A Word From Verywell
APA citations are an integral part of writing in APA style. It's best to consult the latest edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" to stay up to date on all guidelines and helpful tips.
American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association . 7th ed. American Psychological Association; 2020.
American Psychological Association. Paper format .
American Psychological Association. Book/ebook references . Updated December 2020.
By Kendra Cherry, MSEd Kendra Cherry, MS, is a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist, psychology educator, and author of the "Everything Psychology Book."
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Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts
Reference List: Books
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here .
The following contains a list of the most commonly cited print book sources. E-books are described on our "Electronic Sources" page . For a complete list of how to cite print sources, please refer to the 7 th edition of the APA Publication Manual.
Note: If available, APA 7 requires a DOI for all works that have one — whether print or digital. If a print work does not have a DOI do not include it in the reference citation.
Basic Format for Books
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle . Publisher Name. DOI (if available)
Stoneman, R. (2008). Alexander the Great: A life in legend . Yale University Press.
Edited Book, No Author
Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle . Publisher. DOI (if available)
Leitch, M. G., & Rushton, C. J. (Eds.). (2019). A new companion to Malory . D. S. Brewer.
Edited Book with an Author or Authors
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (E. Editor, Ed.). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Malory, T. (2017). Le morte darthur (P. J. C. Field, Ed.). D. S. Brewer. (Original work published 1469-70)
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (T. Translator, Trans.). Publisher. (Original work published YEAR) DOI (if available)
Plato (1989). Symposium (A. Nehamas & P. Woodruff, Trans.). Hackett Publishing Company. (Original work published ca. 385-378 BCE)
Note : When you cite a republished work, like the one above, in your text, it should appear with both dates: Plato (385-378/1989)
Edition Other Than the First
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (# edition). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Belcher, W. (2019). Writing your journal article in twelve weeks: A guide to academic publishing success (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.
Article or Chapter in an Edited Book
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Note : When you list the pages of the chapter or essay in parentheses after the book title, use "pp." before the numbers: (pp. 1-21). This abbreviation, however, does not appear before the page numbers in periodical references. List any edition number in the same set of parentheses as the page numbers, separated by a comma: (2nd ed., pp. 66-72).
Armstrong, D. (2019). Malory and character. In M. G. Leitch & C. J. Rushton (Eds.), A new companion to Malory (pp. 144-163). D. S. Brewer.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (Vol. #) . Publisher. DOI (if available)
David, A., & Simpson, J. (Eds.). (2006). The Norton anthology of English literature: The Middle Ages (8 th ed.,Vol. A). W. W. Norton and Company.
Home / Guides / Citation Guides / APA Format / APA Book Citation
How to Cite a Book in APA
Book – A written work or composition that has been published – typically printed on pages bound together.
Understanding how to cite books will provide you with the basis for citation conventions in APA style. Books are key components of many papers and are often an invaluable resource, so this guide will show you how to format reference page citations and in-text citations for APA 7th edition.
Citing a book in which the chapters are written by different authors is a little more involved than citing other types of books. You will find information on this type of book in this guide, but you can find also find more in-depth information here, in the article How to Cite a Chapter in a Book APA . That article is also helpful for in-text citations that include page numbers.
What you need.
- Citing a book (print)
- Citing an E-book (online or digital book)
- Citing a book (found in a database)
- Citing an audiobook
- Citing a book with an editor credited on the cover
- Citing an edited book
In APA, a basic book citation includes the following information:
- Author’s name
- Title of the book
- Publisher of the book
- Year published
Additional information is needed when citing:
- DOI or stable URL if available
- Name of the translator or editor
- Title of the translator or editor (trans. or ed. respectively)
- Name of the chapter author
- Name of the chapter
- Name of the book editor or author
- Page numbers or ranges used
- Volume numbers and/or edition numbers
- New edition number
- Name of forward or introduction author if applicable
- Original publication date
Citing a book in APA (print)
Note: Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title and any subtitles (the first word that follows a colon), as well as the first letter of any proper nouns. See our APA Citation Basics guide or the APA Publication Manual for more information.
Citing an E-book in APA (online or digital book)
An e-book is considered a written work or composition that has been digitized and is readable through computers or e-readers (Kindles, iPads,nooks etc.). As of the APA 7th edition, a special notation does not need to be made for e-reader versions. Simply include the book’s URL or DOI number at the end of the citation. However, if you’re citing an audiobook, scroll down this page to see the different citation structure for audiobooks.
Citing a book in APA (found in a database)
Some e-books may be available online through your library’s databases or catalogs. According to the 7th edition of APA style, most books found via academic databases do not need to include the database name or link in the citation. This is because these books are usually widely available in many place and resources.
Citing an audio book in APA
An audiobook is a book that has been converted into audio files or an audio format. They are also sometimes called “books on tape.”
Citing a book with an author and an editor
Citing an edited book (no single author credited).
Here is a video that reviews book citations in APA style:
Solution #1: How to cite a book in another language
Books written in another language should contain the translation in brackets next to the title. If the language contains characters that are different from the Roman alphabet, transliterate the alphabet into the Roman alphabet for your citation.
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year). Title of the book in original language [Translated title]. Publisher.
Sanchez, E. (2018). Yo no soy tu perfecta hija Mexicana [I am not your perfect Mexican daughter]. Vintage Espanol.
Solution #2: How to cite a republished translated book
For translated books, include the name of the original author at the start of the citation, but for the year, include the date of publication for the version you are using. After the title, include the translator’s name, and after the publisher, provide the original publication date. For in-text citation, two dates are required. Write the date of the original publication first, then add a slash followed by the current version that you are using.
Reference page structure:
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year). Title of the work (Translator’s F. Last name, Trans.; Edition number ed.). Publisher. (Original work published Year)
Reference page example:
Freud, S. (1950). Beyond the pleasure principle (J. Strachey, Trans., 2nd ed.). Liveright. (Original work published 1920)
In-text citation structure:
Parenthetical structure: (Author last name, date of original publication/date of current version) Narrative structure: Author last name (date of original publication/date of current version)
In-text citation example:
Parenthetical example: (Freud, 1920/1950)
Narrative example: Freud (1920/1950)
Solution #3: How to cite an ancient Greek or Roman work
Much like translated versions, include the original date of publication after the publisher (or DOI link). However, for ancient texts, be sure to include “ca.” (which stands for “circa”) with the date, followed by B.C.E. or C.E. For the in-text citation, you will also need to include ca. and B.C.E. or C.E. after the author’s name, followed by the date of the current version.
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year). Title of the work (Translator’s F. Last name, Trans.; Edition number ed.). Publisher. (Original work published ca. date)
Homer. (1990). The odyssey (R. Fitzgerald, Trans.). Vintage Books. (Original work published ca. 8 B.C.E.)
Parenthetical structure: Author last name, original date of the work/current version date
Narrative structure: Author last name (original date of the work/current version date)
Parenthetical example: (Homer, ca. 8 B.C.E./1990)
Narrative example: Homer (ca. 8 B.C.E./1990)
APA Formatting Guide
- Annotated Bibliography
- Block Quotes
- et al Usage
- In-text Citations
- Multiple Authors
- Page Numbers
- Parenthetical Citations
- Reference Page
- Sample Paper
- APA 7 Updates
- View APA Guide
- Book Chapter
- Journal Article
- Magazine Article
- Newspaper Article
- Website (no author)
- View all APA Examples
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To cite a book in APA style, you need to have basic information including the authors, publication year, book title, and publisher. The templates for in-text citation and reference list entry of a book written by a single author along with examples are given below:
In-text citation template and example:
Author Surname (Publication Year)
(Author Surname, Publication Year)
Reference list entry template and example:
Author Surname, F. M. (Publication Year). Book title: Subtitle of the book . Publisher Name.
Dean, J. (2010). Blog theory: Feedback and capture in the circuits of drive . Polity Press.
Set the book title in italics and sentence case. Capitalize the first word after a colon. If an edition number is given, place it after the title in parenthesis. The style should be, for example, (2nd ed.).
To cite a book chapter with multiple authors in APA style, you need to have basic information including the names of the authors, publication year, chapter title, editors, publisher, and place of publication. The templates for in-text citation and reference list entry of a book chapter along with examples are given below:
When the source has 3–20 authors
In the text, use the first author’s surname followed by “et al.”
First Author Surname et al. (Publication Year)
Rong et al. (2017)
(Author Surname et al., Publication Year)
(Rong et al., 2017)
List the names of all authors in the reference list. Use “&” before the last author’s name. The book title is set in italics. The word “In” is used before the editor’s name. Note that the style for setting the editors’ names is the initial of the first name (and if applicable, the middle name) followed by the surname. Use “(Eds.)” after the editors’ name. Do not include the publisher’s location in the reference. The example below is for three author names.
Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F.M., & Author Surname, F.M. (Publication Year). Chapter title: Subtitle. In F. Editor1 & F. Editor2 (Eds.), Book title (pp. #–#). Publisher Name.
Rong, X. L., Hilburn, J., & Sun, W. (2017). Immigration, demographic changes, and schools in North Carolina from 1990 to 2015. In X. Rong & J. Hilburn (Eds.), Immigration and education in North Carolina (pp. 1–24). Sense.
When the source has more than 20 authors
In the text, use the first author’s surname followed by et al.
Alvarez et al. (2019)
(Alvarez et al., 2019)
List the first 19 author’s names in the reference list followed by an ellipsis. Then add the last author’s name.
Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., Author Surname, F. M., . . . Author Surname, F. M. (Publication Year). Chapter title: Subtitle. In F. Editor1 & F. Editor2 (Eds.), Book title (pp. #–#). Publisher Name.
Alvarez, L. D., Peach, J. L., Rodriguez, J. F., Donald, L., Thomas, M., Aruck, A., Samy, K., Anthony, K., Ajey, M., Rodriguez, K. L., Katherine, K., Vincent, A., Pater, F., Somu, P., Pander, L., Berd, R., Fox, L., Anders, A., Kamala, W., . . . Nicole Jones, K. (2019). Unsung psychology pioneers: A content analysis of who makes history (and who doesn’t). In R. Lerner & W. Overton (Eds.), The handbook of life-span development (pp. 509–553). Wiley.
APA Citation Examples
Other Citation Styles
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APA 7th Edition Citation Examples
- Volume and Issue Numbers
- Page Numbers
- Undated Sources
- Citing a Source Within a Source
- In-Text Citations
- Academic Journals
- Encyclopedia Articles
- Book, Film, and Product Reviews
- Online Classroom Materials
Format for books
Book with doi, edited book, books where the author and publisher are the same, numbered edition other than the first, revised edition, multi-volume set, chapter or article in an anthology.
- Conference Papers
- Technical + Research Reports
- Court Decisions
- Treaties and Other International Agreements
- Federal Regulations: I. The Code of Federal Regulations
- Federal Regulations: II. The Federal Register
- Executive Orders
- Charter of the United Nations
- Federal Statutes
- Dissertations and Theses
- Interviews, E-mail Messages + Other Personal Communications
- Social Media
- Business Sources
Author last name, first initial. (Year). Book title. Publisher. DOI
- Author: List the last name, followed by the first initial (and second initial). See Authors for more information.
- Year: List the publication year between parentheses, followed by a period.
- Book title: In italics. Capitalize the first word of the title, subtitle, and proper nouns, followed by a period.
- Publisher: List the name of the publisher.
- DOI: Use DOI when available.
See specific examples below.
Veletsianos, G. (2020). Learning online: The student experience . Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Publisher names: "Co.", "Inc." and related abbreviations should not be included in citations (for example, "Ivan R. Dee, Inc." should be given as " Ivan R. Dee ".)
Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-000
Miller, J., & Smith, T. (Eds.). (1996). Cape Cod stories: Tales from Cape Cod, Nantucket, and Martha's Vineyard . Chronicle Books.
For a single editor, use "(Ed.)".
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
Arking, R. (2006). The biology of aging: Observations and principles (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press.
Culliney, J. L. (2006). Islands in a far sea: The fate of nature in Hawai'i (Rev. ed.). University of Hawai'i Press.
Green, C. M. (1962-1963). Washington (Vols. 1-2). Princeton University Press.
If volumes in a work or set are published in different years, give the range of years separated by a dash as above.
Eliot, T. S. (2001). Tradition and the individual talent. In V. B. Leitch (Ed.), The Norton anthology of theory and criticism (pp. 1092-1097). W. W. Norton. (Original work published 1920)
Note that the page numbers of an article or chapter are preceded by "pp." in the reference list entry (for example, " pp. 1092-1097 "). In cases where an article/chapter occupies a single page, the page number is preceded by "p." (e.g, " p. 4 ").
Include the book's DOI after the publisher's name if a DOI is available.
If an article has been reprinted from a source that was published earlier, give the original date of publication in the "original work" element of the citation, as shown above. When using this element, do not put a period after it.
Note that this template should be used only for books that have different authors for each chapter. If the author(s) is/are the same for an entire book, create a reference list entry for the entire book, even if you only quoted from one chapter of the book. (Your in-text citation will direct your reader to the specific part of the book that you quoted.)
See Publication Manual , 10.2 and 10.3.
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APA Guide: 7th Edition
- Page Numbers
- Webpages and Other Online Content
- Legal Citations
- Writing Style
- Summary of Changes
See the below for how to write a reference. There is the format (including the periods, abbreviations, and capitalization) and an example for each type of item to be in the reference list.
See page 321-329 of the manual for more information.
- When the author and publisher are the same, use Author as publisher.
- When you list the pages of the chapter in parentheses, use pp. before the numbers.
- If a book or book chapter has a DOI, provide the DOI information at the end. Example: American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5 . In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.744053
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- Last Updated: Nov 27, 2023 2:10 PM
- URL: https://libguides.uta.edu/apa
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