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Solving Traffic and Pollution Problems: Essay Ideas

Below are some ideas for the following IELTS writing task 2 essay question.

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

There are two questions to answer:

  • Do you think increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems?
  • What other measures do you think might be effective to solve traffic and pollution problems?

Increasing the price of petrol:

  • if the price is increased, less people will be able to afford it
  • if less people can afford petrol, less people will drive cars
  • if less people drive cars, there will be less congestion on the roads
  • if less people drive, there will be less air pollution

Other ways to solve traffic and pollution problems:

  • traffic problems can be solved by improving public transport to encourage more people to use it rather than to use their own cars
  • public transport can be improved by having more public transport available, making it more punctual and reducing the price of tickets to make it more affordable to the average person
  • another measure is to have no traffic zones in city centers which will  reduce both congestion and pollution in urban centers.

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Hi Liz. I have a question, please , if possible, instruct me the best way to do it. So, in some essay has two questions. To be specific, in the agree and disagree essay I don’t know how I should approach. Like this: To what extent do you agree or disagree, and next question in the same essay : ‘What other measures do you think might be effective’. Please, enlight me if I construct the essey: introduction, the first paragraph- the first side(which I don’t agree, the second- which I agree, third paragraph-solution? Or the first-my side, senond-solutions?

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You are over thinking. Try to take a very simple, logical approach. IELTS is testing you on logical organisation. One body paragraphs contains your opinion (whatever it is) and the other body paragraph contains the solutions. Simple, clear, logical = high band score for Coherence & Cohesion.

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Is it okay to use “this essay will discuss/ this essay discussed?? I’ve seen many teachers teach this . Thank you!

If the instructions ask for your opinion, the words “this essay will” does not express your opinion.

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Dear ma’am , How can i improve my sentense formation ………. My teacher said that ” mostly, i make incorrect sentense ” please give the instruction to make correct sentense ………. Thankyou…

You need an English language teacher and an English language website. This website is for IELTS skills. Start developing your English first.

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Hi Liz, this topic popped up on 25 Mar IELTS in Australia.

Yes, sometimes the topics and questions can re-appear in the test 🙂

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hai liz please suggest what type of essay is the below mentioned one.

Some companies have uniform for their staffs which must be worn at all times

What are the advantages for a company of having a uniform?

Are there any benefits of having a uniform for the staff ? tnq kalaivanan

This is Direct Question Essay. You have two questions to answer.

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hi Liz, i’m not clear about what type of question is this?is it opinion essay,cause/solution or direct question essay????

It is a mixed type. It contains an opinion with solutions.

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Please have a look at this one. Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree. What other measures do you think might be effective.

Growing traffic is considered to be a major issue to the world. More cars are hitting the road day by day, which lead to serious pollution problems. In order to tackle this ongoing issue, countries decide to increase the price of petrol, as they think it is the most convenient approach and use some alternatives to petrol like wind and solar power that might be effective. I personally feel that increasing petrol price is not necessary to cut down pollution problems.

To begin with, we can classify people into three categories based on their income such as low income, middle income and rich. When the country increases the petrol price, the first two of these categories will be affected. With regards to low paid people, they suffer from paying petrol’s normal price, but when it is increased, they will not be able to afford it. It is likely to be the same with middle-income people, the money they get is only sufficient for their hand and mouth, so they spend their money consciously. Most of their money goes for household appliances, children education, electricity, and petrol. When petrol price increases, they will suffer a lot and think twice before paying for petrol. On the other hand, this will not majorly affect rich people, as they can afford petrol because of their extra allowances.

However, the country should encourage people to reduce the usage of cars by advertising the consequences of the traffic congestion on the society. Having said that, carpooling is another environmentally friendly solution, as it reduces the carbon footprint of each individual by going to work in groups. In addition to that, we as individuals play a major role in this process. We should be aware of keeping our body fit by cycling or walking instead of using cars for short distances. This will help us to be physically active and healthy, as well as reduce the consumption of petrol. Furthermore, Government could also reserve separate lanes for carpoolers, bicyclers and pedestrians so that they can reach their destination faster which will encourage other people to follow them.

To conclude, traffic is one of the main causes of pollution as it produces harmful gasses and we should be aware of this catastrophic problem. The Government should raise awareness among people on limiting the usage of petrol and use public transportation to keep our atmosphere safe and clean. In this regard, I feel that the government should focus on educating the people instead of increasing the price of petrol. Government and people are the two sides of a coin, so not only the Government always plays a role in saving our earth, but also we should work along with the Government in order to restrict the pollution problem due to the large consumption of petrol.

I don’t usually comment. However, I will say that your conclusion should be either one or two sentences long – no more.

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It is believed that the most effective solution to rapidly increasing traffic and pollution problems is to make petrol expensive. In my opinion, I agree that, by doing so, it will help to bring down the traffic congestion but there are also other ways to curb the exploding traffic and pollution menace.

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Hi Liz How can I write a thesis statement for a cause and effect essay?

The percentage of overweight children in western society has increased by almost 20% in the last ten years.

What are the causes and effects ?

https://ieltsliz.com/liz-notice-2015-2016/

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Hi Liz…i am confused with the use of the verb ‘increase’…I thought that it is a passive verb which means that we do not use it in Passive voice as it has a passive meaning..However you used the phrase ‘if the price is increased’or …’need to be increased’…please could you explain me this grammatic phenomenon?…thanks a lot

This verb can be used in all forms. Please check your dictionary. All the best Liz

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I noticed that the question states “pollution problem”. Would I be deviating from the topic if I state that increasing fuel cost will not be the optimal solution for mitigating pollution issues since other factors unrelated to car use may pollute the air, such as improper waste disposal?

I am looking forward to your response. thank you very much.

For this essay question, the subject is both traffic and pollution together which means you can separate them. The pollution in the essay question relates to traffic pollution only so it wouldn’t be advisable to start writing about other sources of pollution. Liz

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Hi Liz sorry for disturbing.Could you assess my essay and give some advices.

Nowadays,increasing number of cars on roads,one of the big issues for the environment and growthing amount of people.Owing to,vehicles emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere,which able to create greenhouse effect in the atmosphere.Simultaneously,greenhouse gases cause to raise average ambient temperature. In my opinion,increasing the price of petrol isn’t the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.Due to,the people who has afford to drive a car,although increasing price of petrol,ongoing driving,by connecting it with their needing.Meanwhille,increasing price of petrol can influence to the price of other manufactures trade,makes it raise.That is why,I can’t go along this opinion.In addition,the increasing price of petrol also can lead to protest and demonstrations,which aren’t good for goverment policy. I suggest that the solution start mass to make vehicles which use alternative types of fuel instead of petrol and that is can mitigate the pollution of environment.Furthermore,for reducing traffic congestion I reckon that,some rich people need change their opinion about cars psychologically.They should look to cars as transport method don’t as luxurious.Because,many rich families have more cars than they need.To conclude,I’d like to mention about that,todays many entrepreneurs at the world are interesting about mass producing cars which use alternative types of fuel (hybrid,hydrogen e.t.c.)

Please read my notice about posting writing: https://ieltsliz.com/posting-writing/ Thanks Liz

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10 Possible Solutions to Air Pollution

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Bumper-to-bumper traffic in both directions on the Interstate 405 in Los Angeles. 

Cars are a real dichotomy. On one side, they provide opportunities for recreation, access to better stores and markets and the freedom to move where we want, when we want.

On the other hand, some claim they rob us of our health and produce a lot of pollution . It's this last part that worries many people. Cars produce a large portion of the world's pollution, in excess of several billion tons per year in the United States alone, and boats, trucks, trains and buses also contribute to the pollution whole. But as car users, we have a few easy-to-implement solutions to air pollution .

To really bring about change, humans have to change their attitude toward cars and take action, and that may be a harder change than any other.

Most importantly, there is no one magic solution. Each small step is a part of another, and no one single step can move ahead significantly without help from the others.

Effects of Air Pollution

  • Change Petroleum Fuel Vehicles to Fuel Cell Technology
  • Put More Electric Cars on the Road
  • Don't Idle
  • Reduce Distance Driven and Time on the Road
  • Change Travel and Commuting Patterns
  • Keep Your Car in Top Condition
  • Drive a More Fuel-efficient Car
  • Build Up Public Transportation
  • Walk or Bike
  • Change the Way We Live and Think

Finding ways to reduce air pollution can have positive impacts on the world as a whole and on our own health. If we can improve air quality, we can lower respiratory and cardiovascular diseases because even short-term exposure to air pollutants can cause health problems .

There is also a link between high air pollution levels and climate change. As the World Health Organization notes , "Reducing ambient and household air pollution can also reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and short-lived climate pollutants, such as black carbon particles and methane, therefore contributing to the near- and long-term mitigation of climate change."

10. Change Petroleum Fuel Vehicles to Fuel Cell Technology

The back of the BMW Hydrogen 7

Effective hydrogen fuel cells are the Holy Grail of alternative fuel technologies. The best-known fuel cell is hydrogen-based. This technology uses hydrogen gas to create electricity. The electricity is then converted to mechanical energy in an electric motor to get the car, truck, bus, boat or any other form of transport run by an engine moving.

The only emission from the cell is water , pure H 2 O, clean enough to drink and a far cry from the hydrocarbons, CO 2 and oxides of nitrogen produce by the cleanest car today.

Technology is currently struggling with finding an absolutely pure form of fuel cell, one that emits no harmful pollutants, as well as using renewable energy to produce or supply the raw materials for the fuel cells.

Indeed, the easiest way to produce the needed supply of hydrogen gas at this point is using fossil fuels, though this may change in the future.

9. Put More Electric Cars on the Road

Nissan LEAF engine

Electric cars are not as new as most drivers realize. They were among the first prototype cars created in the late 1890s, and producers manufactured more electric cars than petroleum-powered cars at the turn of the last century.

Today, the electric car is going mainstream. The Nissan LEAF is one electric vehicle that opened a new market for consumers, allowing urban driving without the guilt of tailpipe emissions. Electric vehicles receive their fuel from a linked collection of batteries. The batteries are lead, nickel-metal hydrides and lithium concoctions storing energy provided from home electrical outlets or electric recharging station.

Like fuel cells , electric cars lack a reliable infrastructure, as well as a way of reliably using renewable sources — such as solar, wind or geothermal — to generate their fuel. Instead, they rely on fossil fuel-burning electric plants to supply their needs.

The are nearly 2 million electric vehicles traveling the country's roads as of 2023.

8. Don't Idle

Woman sitting in car

Alternative fuels provide one road to reducing pollution, but they're far from perfect at this point. However, there are a few steps that can be taken now to help reduce tailpipe emissions. One of the most effective is to reduce idle time for vehicles.

According to the California Energy Commission, your car idles anywhere from five to 10 minutes a day on average, depending on driving conditions. Idling your car for two minutes uses about the same amount of gas as going one mile. If you're sitting longer than 10 seconds, it's wise to turn off your car as those 10 seconds will use the same amount of fuel as it would take to restart the engine after being shut down.

Many hybrid cars and electric cars now have an automatic start and stop system that shuts down the engine when the speed is zero. Stepping on the gas, rather than turning the key, gets the car rolling again.

How much this feature will reduce pollution is the subject of debate. Some emissions systems work well at idle; others don't. Larger vehicles, including trucks and buses, as well as diesel engines, can produce more emissions at idle than when running. However, using less fuel means producing fewer emissions and less pollution.

7. Reduce Distance Driven and Time on the Road

Bumper to bumper traffic

According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), vehicles account for almost one-third of smog-forming emissions, and every year, more people take to the road and drive farther distances, an increase of more than 120 percent since 1970. Driving fewer miles would, therefore, decrease the amount of pollution produced by cars.

Doing this is easy. You can:

  • Combine errands into one trip
  • Take public transportation
  • Shop by phone, mail or internet
  • Telecommute, if possible

However, this is just the tip of the transportation iceberg. Transportation engineers and urban planners are looking at how to reduce traffic congestion so vehicles spend less time on the road.

Think of the infamous Los Angeles traffic where the average commute time can exceed more than an hour. As people sit in traffic, inching forward, their cars are releasing a steady stream of pollution that, when combined with the geography of the LA basin, creates some of the worst smog in the country.

Better roads, better traffic light timing and access to better public transportation would go a long way to reducing air pollution.

6. Change Travel and Commuting Patterns

parked Zipcar

As engineers and planners struggle with how to reduce driving time and idle time, they're indirectly shaping how the country is settling and evolving.

The press of fuel prices has yet to result in a direct change in how Americans settle, but more Americans are settling closer to where they work and play in an effort to reduce their fuel consumption — or turning to technology to increase telecommuting and work-from-home opportunities.

By reducing commutes — the United States Census Bureau tallied the average commute time at about 30 minutes — cars would produce fewer pollutants.

The new trend in urban planning has become "walkable communities." The idea is to mix residential, business and industrial concerns together so people who live in the area can walk to their work, a store or even to their doctor's office without ever needing a car. The incentive here is not only to reduce pollution and use less fuel but to increase the quality of life for the residents and promote local businesses.

But people will still need to travel. Many of the community plans integrated public transportation, ride-sharing programs or hourly car rental programs such as Zipcar into the overall planning.

Seen from the outside, these communities almost seem unworkable, but whether they come to pass successfully or not, they do spur ideas for immediate ways — like better public transportation — to reduce pollution.

5. Keep Your Car in Top Condition

Man fixing his engine

Car manufacturers designed your car to run at optimal efficiency; however, time, distance, weather and a host of other factors all contribute to decreasing that efficiency. Routine maintenance and care can reduce the amount of fuel a car consumes — and reduce the amount of pollution it puts out, too.

These are just a few of the components and systems to check if you want to keep your car running its best:

  • Keep your engine properly tuned. This means changing the oil , air filter and checking the fluids on a routine basis. It also means changing the spark plug, spark plug wires and cleaning the fuel system at the manufacturer's scheduled interval. Doing this can improve mileage by more than 4 percent. If your check engine light is on (depending on the root cause), fixing that problem right away can sometimes improve mileage by more than 30 percent.
  • Keep your tires properly inflated. Under- and over-inflated tires have an effect on the rolling resistance of the car. Properly inflated tires can improve gas mileage by more than 3 percent.
  • Reduce the weight in your car. Every 100 pounds (45.4 kilograms) reduces fuel efficiency by 1 to 2 percent.
  • Remove the roof rack. Doing this can add about 5 percent to your miles-per-gallon rating
  • Drive steady. Fast acceleration and inconsistent speed can reduce your car's overall efficiency by more than 4 percent.

4. Drive a More Fuel-efficient Car

 Ford Focus on display

This makes good common sense, right? No matter how well-kept a car is, it becomes less efficient and therefore more polluting with time. If possible, trade an older car in for a newer, more fuel-efficient model.

Today's emissions controls are almost three times better than cars made a decade ago and pollute that much less, too. There's also a much greater variety of efficient cars on the market today than there was just 10 years ago.

The EPA offers a Green Vehicle Guide, which rates newer cars by how much they pollute and contribute to the overall smog problem. The same ratings are on all new car window tags.

While the issue of whether producing a new, less-polluting car creates more pollutants during the manufacturing process than during the new car's lifetime is still unsettled, it remains true that a newer car will pollute less and use less fuel.

3. Build Up Public Transportation

Bus

The United States, as a whole, does not have a well-developed public transportation system. If the car is a symbol of freedom, a public bus is just about the opposite. Bus or train schedules rarely seem to follow work or errand needs. The systems are often slow and inefficient.

But from the standpoint of reducing transportation-related pollution, using public transportation is one of the most effective and immediate changes the country can make.

According to PublicTransportation.org, public transportation — mainly buses and subways — saves about 37 million metric tons (40,785,500 tons) of carbon dioxide annually. Additionally, if an individual switches a 20-mile (32.2-kilometer) daily roundtrip commute to public transportation, their annual CO2 emissions will decrease by about 4,800 pounds (2,177 kilograms) per year.

Combining an increase in public transportation with better road engineering, land use and other factors could help reduce transportation-related pollution by more than 20 percent.

Private concerns can also help with public transportation. Companies sometimes provide a shuttle bus for their employees or post rideshare boards. Car cooperatives are making inroads in the United States. These services allow a member to rent a car from a central location and pay a small fee for use.

The system is ideal for inner-city dwellers who only occasionally need a car, allowing them access to a vehicle without needing to buy one. By using public transportation for their primary needs and a regular car for the odd trip where it was necessary, one Swiss study indicated that car cooperative owners drove at least 60 percent less than they would have if they owned a car.

2. Walk or Bike

Man riding bike and holding a surfboard

These obvious choices are (by far) the best way to reduce pollution as they produce no emissions. Many cities are experimenting with bike share programs similar to car cooperatives. While something of a challenge for a regular driver, most experts suggest not replacing a car with a bike in most cases, but rather parking the car and using a bike or walking to do errands.

Most errands within about a mile (1.6 kilometers) are comfortable by foot, and anything up to 5 miles (8.1 kilometers) is doable by bike for most people. And, in addition to polluting less, the person gets the benefit of exercise.

Making the switch isn't easy. Many streets and cities are not particularly bike- or pedestrian-friendly. Experts suggest starting small and easing into an alternate car routine. In essence, they suggest you have some experience before biking or walking in traffic.

There are several websites with tips, tricks and links to maps and mapping software for pedestrians and bicyclists to avoid the worst of the pitfalls.

If a person can't bike because of bad knees or other health issues, companies also produce electric motor kits that significantly reduce the physical power needed to ride a bike.

1. Change the Way We Live and Think

Woman swiping her transportation card

All solutions to transportation pollution ultimately rely on humans. Ask a European about Americans, and they will likely portray us as a little spoiled and a little too freewheeling with our transportation freedoms. Many of the solutions listed in this article will only work if there's a fundamental shift in thinking.

We'll have to adjust to smaller, more efficient cars. We'll also have to adjust to using more public transportation. And to use either of those, we'll have to change the way we live, move closer to our place of business, cram into a car with more people, take vacations closer to home, camp instead of RV— overall, do more with less.

At the turn of the century, people criticized automobiles as unreliable — a fad and something that would never catch on. People got by with trains and horses, and no one really needed to live more than 10 miles (16.1 kilometers) from where they worked. Why would you want a car? People now have the same attitude toward electric cars, fuel cells, public transportation and walking to work.

And will it work? Well, only you can say.

Lots More Information

Related articles.

  • 5 Myths About Renewable Energy
  • 5 Amazing Green Cities
  • Top 5 Green Myths
  • 5 Wacky Forms of Alternative Energy
  • American Public Transportation Association. (May 7, 2011) http://www.publictransportation.org/benefits/environment.asp
  • Bike Commuters. (May 12, 2011) http://www.bikecommuters.com/
  • Bridging the Gap. "Alternate Transportation Guide for the Greater Kansas City Area." (May 9, 2011) http://www.bridgingthegap.org/media_vault/documents/1243351866.pdf
  • California Energy Center. "Should I Shut Off My Motor When I'm Idling My Car?" (May 10, 2011) http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/myths/idling.html
  • Car Talk. "Car Talk's Guide To Better Fuel Economy." (May 9, 2011) http://www.cartalk.com/content/features/fueleconomy/
  • Environmental Protection Agency. "Green Vehicle Guide." (May 11, 2011) http://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/Index.do
  • Environmental Protection Agency. "SmartWay Program." (May 1, 2011) http://www.epa.gov/smartway/index.htm
  • Environmental Protection Agency. "Transportation and Climate." (May 8, 2011) http://www.epa.gov/otaq/climate/publications.htm#basic
  • Murphy, Samantha. "Toyota, Shell Open First U.S. Hydrogen Fueling Station from Pipeline." TechNewsDaily. (May 10, 2011) http://www.livescience.com/14099-toyota-shell-open-hydrogen-fueling-station-pipeline.html
  • U.S. Department of Energy. "Keeping Your Car In Shape." (May 8, 2011) http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/maintain.shtml

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7 Tips to Help Cities Reduce Traffic Congestion

  • 7 Tips to Help Cities…

how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

Are you a city manager, board member, or just a citizen wondering how your city can reduce traffic congestion? This article will help you consider some ways to reduce traffic congestion in your community.

7 tips on how to reduce traffic congestion in cities

1. revolutionize traffic light management.

Traffic congestion is a severe problem in many cities around the world. It can cause delays and frustration for drivers, and it can also lead to air pollution and increased emissions of greenhouse gases.

One way to help reduce traffic congestion is to revolutionize the way that traffic lights are managed. By using data from sensors and GPS devices, traffic-light management systems can optimize traffic flow, reduce delays and help improve traffic flow.

In addition, by reducing the need for cars to idle at red lights, these systems can also help to save fuel and reduce emissions. Traffic signals managed by computers and AI can also be adjusted in real-time to respond to changes in traffic conditions.

Many cities are using the help of artificial intelligence like the solutions LYT provides when it comes to tactics like transit signal priority and emergency vehicle preemption.

LYT helps with connected networks of traffic signals in a city so they can communicate bi-directionally in real-time. As more cities adopt these technologies, traffic congestion will likely become less of a problem.

2. Restrict parking near busy intersections

Restricting parking near busy intersections is one way to help reduce traffic congestion. By reducing the number of cars on the road, you can also help to reduce pollution and save fuel.

This can be done by charging a higher fee for parking at these locations, or by making it only available for residents. If you live in an area with high traffic congestion, this is one way you can help make a difference.

Parking spaces should be placed strategically to allow for the free flow of traffic. They should also be located near public transportation so that people have the option to take the bus or train instead of driving. This can reduce congestion by taking cars off the road.

 3. Encourage the use of alternative routes

Traffic congestion is a familiar sight in many cities and towns. Cars inch along bumper-to-bumper, often at a snail’s pace.

The resulting delays can be frustrating for motorists and costly for businesses. However, there are steps that cities can take to reduce traffic congestion. One effective measure is to encourage the use of alternate routes.

By providing motorists with information about less crowded roads, cities can encourage drivers to spread out and ease the pressure on congested thoroughfares. In addition, cities can also work to improve public transportation options, making it easier for people to get around without having to rely on their cars.

4. Improve bus service

One way to reduce traffic congestion is to improve bus service and provide more coverage.

This would allow more people to take the bus instead of driving (a.k.a. mode shift), which would reduce the number of cars on the road. It would make public transportation more accessible for those who live in areas that are not currently served by buses.

Another way to reduce traffic congestion is to create a dedicated bus lane for buses. This would give buses priority over other vehicles, which would help to make their trips faster and more efficient.

Reducing congestion on the roads can have a number of positive impacts, including reducing pollution, saving fuel, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Mass transportation is a key part of reducing traffic congestion, and by improving bus service, we can help to make a difference.

Transit priority , bus lanes, and efficient routing are ways to help make traffic and congestion smoother.

5. Construct more park-and-rides

As anyone who has ever been stuck in traffic can attest, congestion is a major problem in many cities.

It wastes time, increases pollution, and can even lead to accidents. There are a number of ways to reduce traffic congestion, and one of them is to construct more park-and-rides.

These special parking areas are located near public transportation, such as bus or train stations. By encouraging people to leave their cars at home and take public transit instead, park-and-rides can help to reduce traffic on the roads.

They can also help to ease parking shortages in busy areas. As more and more people turn to public transportation, park-and-rides will become an increasingly important part of our urban infrastructure.

6. Build a robust light rail network

A light rail network is another mass transit option that can help to reduce traffic congestion. Light rail is a type of train that runs on a dedicated track, often with its own right-of-way separate from other vehicles.

This can make light rail a faster and more efficient option than buses, which can get caught in traffic just like cars.

Light rail vehicles are typically larger than buses, so they can carry more passengers at a time. One of the best congestion mitigation strategies is building a light rail system integrated with the existing mass transit network. This will provide people with more travel options and help to reduce traffic on the roads.

Building a robust light rail network can effectively reduce traffic congestion and promote sustainable transportation options.

7. Promote carpooling and ride-sharing

Smart cities are promoting ride-sharing to help reduce traffic.

Carpooling and ride-sharing are two more sustainable transportation options that can help to reduce traffic congestion. Carpooling is when two or more people share a ride in a single vehicle. This can be done by friends, family, or co-workers who are going to the same general area.

Ride-sharing is similar to carpooling, except that it generally involves strangers using a phone app to request a ride from someone who is headed in the same direction.

Both carpooling and ride-sharing help to reduce the number of vehicles on the road, making it easier for everyone to get where they need to go.

Congestion occurs when there are too many private vehicles trying to use the same roads on peak periods. By promoting carpooling and ride-sharing, we can help to reduce traffic and make our roads more efficient.

Help your city reduce congestion

In conclusion, reducing traffic congestion in our cities is not just a dream; it’s an achievable goal through a combination of innovative strategies and sustainable transportation options. The seven tips outlined in this article provide valuable insights into how cities can take proactive steps to alleviate congestion, improve air quality, and enhance overall quality of life for their residents.

At LYT, we are at the forefront of this transformation. Our cutting-edge solutions, such as transit signal priority and emergency vehicle preemption , are already helping numerous cities create connected networks of traffic signals that communicate in real-time, significantly reducing congestion. By embracing these AI-powered technologies, cities can revolutionize their traffic management systems and pave the way for a smoother, more sustainable future.

So, whether you’re a city manager, a board member, or a concerned citizen, remember that the power to reduce traffic congestion lies within our grasp. By implementing these strategies and adopting advanced technologies like those offered by LYT, we can build cities where traffic flows freely, pollution diminishes, and the quality of life soars. Together, we can drive change and make our cities more vibrant and sustainable places to live. Join us on this journey towards congestion-free, greener, and smarter cities – the future is brighter than ever before! Get a personalized demo today!

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Ielts essay # 456 - the best way to solve traffic and pollution problems, ielts writing task 2/ ielts essay:, increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems., to what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement what other measures do you think might be effective.

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how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

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Air Pollution Solutions

While air pollution is a serious problem, it is a problem that we can solve! In the United States and around the world, people are taking action to reduce emissions and improve air quality.

The Clean Air Act: How Laws Can Help Clean Up the Air

Creating policies and passing laws to restrict air pollution has been an important step toward improving air quality. In 1970, fueled by persistent visible smog in many U.S. cities and industrial areas and an increase in health problems caused by air pollution, the Clean Air Act paved the way for numerous efforts to improve air quality in the United States. The Clean Air Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set air quality standards for several hazardous air pollutants reported in the Air Quality Index (AQI) , requires states to have a plan to address air pollution and emissions reduction, and also addresses problems such as acid rain, ozone holes, and greenhouse gas pollution which is causing the climate to warm.

Since the Clean Air Act was passed:

  • The amounts of the six common pollutants in the atmosphere measured by the EPA (particulates, ozone, lead, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide) are declining.
  • The risks of premature death, low birth weight, and other health problems due to air pollution have decreased.
  • Vehicle emissions have decreased, despite increases in the number of miles driven each year, due to stricter emissions standards and increased efficiency in vehicle engines.
  • Emissions and toxic pollutants (such as mercury and benzenes) from factories and power plants have decreased, due to new technologies.
  • There is less acid rain, due to decreased power plant emissions.
  • The ozone hole continues to shrink as a result of banning the use of CFCs.
  • Pollution-caused haze in cities and wilderness areas has decreased.

Source: EPA

Most industrialized countries have laws and regulations about air quality. The United Kingdom first passed its Clean Air Act in 1956 following a deadly smog event that killed many London residents. In China, where rapid industrial and urban growth in recent decades resulted in a sharp decrease in air quality, numerous laws about air pollution have been passed, including a frequently updated five-year national plan to meet target reductions in air pollution.

It is important to note that while laws and regulations are helping, the effects of air pollution are still apparent. The decline of toxic air pollutants and health improvements are welcome changes, yet the growing threat of climate change due to fossil fuel emissions remains a problem that still needs to be solved.

There Are Many Solutions to Air Pollution

In order to improve air quality and slow climate warming, change needs to happen on a national and global scale. However, actions at the individual and community level are also important.

  • Burn less coal. Pollution from burning all fossil fuels is harmful to the atmosphere, but burning coal has a larger impact on air pollution than burning oil or gas because it releases more carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and heavy metal pollutants per unit of energy. Also, over one-third of the electricity produced in the world comes from burning coal. As of 2014, the global demand for coal is beginning to decline. In North America, coal plants are being replaced by natural gas. Some countries, such as Japan and South Korea, rely more on nuclear energy, and there is a global increase in electricity supplied by clean, renewable sources like wind, solar, and water.

This is an illustration showing ways that you can help reduce air pollution: wind turbines are a source of renewable energy; drive low pollution vehicles; choose alternative transportation modes, such as walking, riding the bus, or riding a bicycle; refueling in the evening; and around the house choose low VOC products, use less energy, forgo the fire, and mow the grass in the evening.

  • Conserve energy — at home, work, and everywhere! The demand for electricity, which is most often produced by burning fossil fuels, has grown exponentially over the past decades. Conserve energy by turning off lights, buy appliances rated for energy efficiency, and keep the thermostat set higher in the summer and lower in the winter. Whenever possible, invest in renewable energy sources to power your home. Several countries are using renewables, nuclear power, or lower-emission sources like natural gas to meet their increasing power demand. And many countries plan to significantly increase their use of renewable energy sources in the future.
  • Monitor air quality warnings and take action on poor air quality days. On days when pollution levels are high, taking action can help reduce the risk of harm to those who are most vulnerable. Reducing overall car usage and avoiding idling your car can help on days with high levels of ozone pollution. Save refueling and use of gas-powered yard equipment for the evening when it is cooler and ozone levels are lower. On days when particle pollutants are high, avoid burning yard waste and wood. Choosing to carpool or using a clean transportation method is always helpful, especially on days with high levels of air pollution. Check on the air quality in your area at the AirNow website .
  • Take action within your community to find solutions to air pollution. Around the world, many of the current solutions are the result of communities coming together to demand change. Citizens in Shenzhen, China, inspired a switch to electric buses in their city. In Brussels, Belgium, a movement started by parents concerned about poor air quality in schools led to a plan to invest in public transportation and bicycling, along with a ban on fueled cars by 2030. And in many countries, governments are closing coal plants and exploring new sources of energy because of citizens who are concerned about climate warming.

Check out the EPA's website to learn more about actions you can take to reduce air pollution.

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how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

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The best way to solve traffic and pollution problems

9IELTS

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1: (Agreement)

Over the last century, our cities faced unprecedented growth of traffic congestion and as a result of this, we encounter a litany of environmental pollutions. Some experts believe that the rising cost of petrol is the best way to tackle these problems. I firmly believe that there is a defensible basis for this argument. In this essay, some other possible solutions will be elaborated.

The proponents of this view claim that recent studies have shown that due to increasing the price of petrol, the user of this energy has dramatically decreased. As a result of this, the wide demand for petrol has slumped. The key point to justify this attitude could be illustrated by a tangible example. Our country “Iran” has a high reputation for having oil resources. Consequently, the price of petrol was not justified by comparison with another country. To cut a long story short, after applying this idea in cities, the evidence has shown most of the people turn to some Alternatives instead of the use of a private car. For example, by the time went on, the rising price of petrol has caused majority the people use much more public transportation rather than the past.

Alternatively, there are other possible solutions to address this issue. First and foremost, governments should give special care to renewable energy such as water, wind, solar energy and etc. Also, they should encourage people to use public transportation such as electric tram, metro, bus and etc. Last but not least, we should own up to the fact that we need cultural reconstruction about the true understanding of the energy crisis on our planet.

In conclusion, from what has been discussed above, increasing the price of petrol can be an effective factor to reduce consumption of this energy, at least in my country. Serious measures should be taken by government and individuals as a duty for solving these problems. Also, the government must assume responsibility, stop passing the bulk and settle down the effective laws to control this issue. Finally, it is absolutely imperative we should not try to be wise after the events.

[ by – Reza Paziresh ]

Sample Answer 2: (Disagreement)

It is considered that increasing the price of petrol is one of the most important ways to curb escalating traffic and pollution problems. However, in my opinion, I completely believe that using other sustainable sources of energy like solar, wind and hydro will immensely help to tackle such issues.

On the one hand, there are people who think that increasing the price of petrol will reduce its use and, thus, decrease rising traffic congestions and pollutions. However, in spite of increased petrol price people will continue to use it as there are no other viable options available to run vehicles. Hence, it will not bring much change in solving growing traffic issues and pollutions. In fact, due to the increase in petrol price cost of goods may increase because of an increase in transportation costs, creating detrimental effects on the economy.

On the other hand,  if more sustainable energy like solar power, wind power, and hydropower are utilised to run vehicles and factories, there will be less emission of harmful gases like carbon mono oxide and CFC which contributes increasing air pollution considerably. In addition, using solar power to run public vehicles would result in cheap fare. This will encourage people to travel through eco-friendly cheap trams, trains and buses.

To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve the growing traffic congestions and pollutions. Thus, an effective way to control the aforementioned issues would be to use other renewable sources of energy in the public transport system which can significantly bring down traffic and pollution problems.

[ by – Vikash Singtan ]

Sample Answer 3: (Agreement)

Traffic and pollution have been being two major concerns worldwide lately. Several solutions have been proposed to deal with these problems, improving the price of petrol for example. However, whether or not it is effective is debatable. Yet, I personally agree with proposing a more expensive price of petrol to reduce traffic and pollution based on demanding point of view.

To begin with, a classic economic theory clearly argues that the higher the price, the lower the demanding of a product and reversely. By increasing the price of petrol, more people may be more aware of using the vehicle considerably since they need to pay more to fill the tank. This idea can lead to a systematic approach to reducing traffic and air problem through declining possibilities of people to buy fuel needed to run their vehicle and this may result in reducing the number of transportation tool subsequently. For instance, Whitehorse city has imposed the expensive price of fuel and gas which influences the number of vehicles operating and as a result, it comes up as the cleanest air city of the world.

Meanwhile, the other way to overcome traffic and pollution is by optimising public transportation. A good system of public vehicles accomplished by better infrastructure may be delightful to everyone and can attract individuals to use public transportation more often than their own vehicles. This idea certainly can minimise the amount of traffic and pollution as well. Mass rapid train in China and Japan, for example, sophisticated transport and well-managed train schedule have successfully brought up these countries in lessening traffic problem.

All in all, a wide range of solutions is available to help cope with traffic and pollution problem. Improving fuel price and public transportations are true as proposed solutions.

[ by – Linda ]

Sample Answer 4: (Agreement)

Traffic congestion and pollution are two pressing issues all over the world. As the majority of cars and bikes are petrol driven, elevating petrol price can reduce their numbers on the roads, and as a result, help control traffic congestions and pollution to a great extent, I believe.

Unlike the past, when only rich people could afford automobiles, a majority of car and motorbike owners, these days, are from middle-class families. Therefore, a higher fuel cost will affect their budget, and many of them might opt-out using petroleum driven cars. Such surge in prices will increase the demand for public transportations which is by far the most efficient way to pull out the pollution and traffic jam problems.

Moreover, such a price hike will make eco-friendly automobiles popular. For instance, electric cars, or CNG or LPG driven vehicles can become a viable option for consumers. Although it cannot reduce traffic problems, it can reduce pollutions effectively.

Other solutions can also be considered instead of upscaling petroleum price only. To begin with, the government can implement policies to restrict the number of cars per family can own, and also offer subsidies to citizens to purchase electric cars. An odd-even approach can be implemented by states where number plates ending with odd numbers can use some roads during rush hours while cars with even number plates can run on other streets. Besides, citizens should change their mindset and help the authority in curbing traffic jams and pollutions.

To conclude, increasing petrol price will open the doors for alternative options which can, directly and indirectly, combat both traffic and pollution problems. The government should make sure the petrol price does not hike the price of other necessary commodities.

[Written by – Patrick; email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.]

Sample Answer 5: (Partial Agreement)

It is considered by many that increasing the price of fuel is one of the most effective methods to curb escalating traffic congestion and pollution problems. I somewhat agree with this proposition, and I will explain my point of view as well as suggest some measures that could have a huge impact on this matter.

On the one hand, there is no doubt about the uncontrolled growing traffics and pollutions as a consequence of rapidly growing cars on the streets. So in order to solve these issues, we need to take steps to control the number of vehicles that run on the streets every day. And increasing the fuel price seems like a great solution. This will also make people think about using alternative energy sources which cause no harm to the environment. One good example here is the use of hybrid cars instead of gasoline dependent ones. However, rising petrol price will make it exclusive for wealthy people and thus poor population will not be able to afford to use petroleum products. This will increase the prices of daily commodities.

Then, turning to other possible solutions than to increase petrol price, which are effective in facing the velocity of traffic flows and pollution; one of these could be setting new restrictions in relation to daily or weekly fuel consumption. For example, determining particular days to use petroleum-driven cars and utilizing other options which are environmental friendly could be a great step. Another solution could be educating people about the importance of saving our environment and the consequences of pollution using multiple advertising media. For instance, through newspapers, the government should encourage people to use non-petroleum items to drive cars.

In conclusion, elevating petrol prices is one of the ways to slow down the pace of growing traffic and its problems related to pollutions despite its negative effects on poor people of society. Alternative ways, which are equally or more effective than increasing fuel price, should be considered to curb these issues.

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Transport pollution: some practical solutions for developing countries, javier morales sarriera, gurpreet singh sehmi, this page in:.

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Solve Growing Traffic And Pollution Problems # IELTS Essay

Increasing the price of petrol is the best to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Topic (Essay Level Band 7.0)

In today’s world the main problems which we face in our everyday lives are related to traffic congestion and high levels of pollution. Both these problems, which are inter-related, affect people to a great extent as everyone has to commute for personal and professional reasons. Increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to solve these problems but it can help to reduce them to quite an extent.

These days, everyone uses private vehicles for commuting daily for personal and professional reasons as it is a more comfortable means of travel. This results in the increase of the level of pollution due to the toxic and poisonous fumes emitted by theses vehicles. A reduction in the price of petrol can dissuade a few people from using their vehicles as its usage would become costly. But in general, people who prefer the comfort of their own vehicles would continue to use them irrespective of the decrease in petrol costs. So it is only to an extent this would help curtail the traffic and pollution problems.

SOLVE GROWING TRAFFIC AND POLLUTION PROBLEMS

There can be other measures which can be used to curb the growth of traffic and pollution. First and foremost, public transport should be made easily and cheaply available to the public so that it can become affordable for all people. Secondly, the routes for such transport should also be increased and expanded, especially to those areas where commutation is difficult. Lastly, a tax can be levied on all vehicles which are used by people for personal and professional use. In conclusion, it can be said that the decrease in the price of petrol would not be a very effective way of curbing traffic and pollution related problems and other measures should be devised to keep these in check.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 – Increase of Petrol

IELTS Writing Task 2 – Increase of Petrol

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. to what extent do you agree or disagree what other measures do you think might be effective.

Many often suggest that increasing the price of gasoline can alleviate traffic congestion and, as a result, reduce carbon emissions and noise pollution. However, based on historical evidence, I strongly disagree with this notion. Instead, I believe that rehabilitating public transportation systems and promoting teleworking are far more effective solutions.

The price of gasoline has been steadily rising since the 1980s, yet people continue to rely on it, leading to a surge in car purchases. Gasoline is considered a commodity that people need regardless of its price. Therefore, further increasing the price would not result in a decrease in traffic, nor would it effectively address pollution issues such as noise and air pollution caused by cars.

To alleviate traffic congestion, the focus should be on reducing the number of cars on the road. This can be accomplished by revitalizing public transport and promoting teleworking. The government can invest in enhancing public transportation infrastructure and ensuring its safety and maintenance. Additionally, incentivizing companies to implement teleworking policies would encourage employees to reduce car dependency.

By implementing these measures, the number of cars on the road would diminish. Private car owners would have more confidence in public transit when they see that it is readily available and properly maintained. Employees would also reduce their use of cars by opting to work remotely. As a result, the reduction in car usage would lead to decreased gas emissions, thereby improving air quality and reducing noise pollution.

In conclusion, the idea of increasing the price of gasoline lacks substantial evidence to support its claims. Past instances of gasoline price increases have not resulted in reduced traffic or pollutant reduction. Therefore, investing in teleworking opportunities and improving public transportation systems provide a more viable approach to resolving these issues.

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Traffic Congestion and Pollution: 2 Part Question

This IELTS model essay is on the topic of traffic congestion and pollution. It’s a 2-part, or IELTS direct question essay .  It is taken from Cambridge IELTS 8 .

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

(Cambridge IELTS 8 Academic Test 3)

Overall Opinion: disagree – more effective solutions

  • workers rely on cars – would be too expensive if petrol prices rose

Other measures

  • e.g. light rail, underground (Bangkok Skytrain)
  • e.g. London

Many cities around the world have seen a rapid rise in the number of private vehicles on the road, and this has led to serious problems related to traffic congestion, as well as pollution from exhaust fumes. Some feel that the best way to deal with this problem is by increasing fuel prices, but I disagree and think that there are more effective options.

Raising petrol prices is an overly simplistic solution to a rather complicated situation. It may have worked 30 years ago, but today many people live some distance from their workplace, often so they can live somewhere more cheaply, and have come to rely on their cars to get to work. If they are suddenly forced to spend more money on petrol, these people would find it a lot harder to make ends meet. So what can be done instead?

One obvious solution would be to improve public transport so that workers have more choice over how to get to work. Many cities have invested heavily in light rail and underground systems, meaning many commuters no longer need to drive, and this has helped to alleviate road congestion. For example, Bangkok has recently expanded its Skytrain network, enabling people living in the suburbs to quickly get to work in the centre of the city.

However, this alone is not enough. Perhaps the best solution would be to target the parts of the road network most susceptible to congestion and charge motorists a fee for using those stretches of road. Such a solution is known as a congestion charge and it has been used to good effect in many major cities including London.

To conclude, traffic congestion and the resultant pollution is a growing and complicated problem which needs to be approached in a more sophisticated manner than simply increasing petrol prices. Investing in public transport and congestion charges are perhaps two more effective solutions.

(317 words)

Vocabulary: Less Common and Uncommon Lexical Items

A good way of studying this essay is to look at the language in my essay. Here is a list of some of the complex noun phrases that I used in this essay. These are the kinds of phrases that IELTS Examiners are looking for at Band 7 and above for Lexical Resource. (Note: there are very few “rare” words in this list – they are mostly combinations of very common words – it is the combinations, or collocations, that are uncommon.)

  • a rapid rise in the number of private vehicles on the road
  • serious problems related to traffic congestion
  • pollution from exhaust fumes
  • the best way to deal with this problem
  • more effective options
  • raising petrol prices
  • an overly simplistic solution
  • a rather complicated situation
  • some distance from their workplace
  • one obvious solution
  • light rail and underground systems
  • Skytrain network
  • people living in the suburbs
  • the parts of the road network most susceptible to congestion
  • a congestion charge
  • many major cities
  • the resultant pollution
  • a growing and complicated problem
  • a more sophisticated manner

Now, without looking at the essay again, try to complete the missing words from the essay. Many of the missing words are parts of collocations, so this activity will help you develop an understanding of collocation. Good luck! (The activity is best done on a desktop or laptop computer).

Paragraph 1

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About the author

Charlie is a former IELTS Examiner with 25 years' teaching experience all over the world. His courses, for both English language learners and teachers, have been taken by over 100,000 students in over 160 countries around the world.

3 thoughts on “Traffic Congestion and Pollution: 2 Part Question”

Thanks for this practice!

When I left a comment, the activities appeared. Thank you on behalf of my students. They are very helpful and beneficial.

I am an English teacher from Istanbul, Turkiye. I teach ESL classes to Turkish and international students in a private university English Prep School. I always search for resources for my students. I recommended the coherence and cohesion activity to all my students and colleagues but in this part, I could not find the mentioned activity. When you scroll over the Paragraphs above, I was expecting to see them.

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Discover the 7 STEPS to BAND 7 in IELTS Writing Task 2

There’s Only One Way to Fix Air Pollution Now

Clean-air rules just can’t keep up with climate change.

Dark afternoon smoke from the Alamo Fire burning in the nearby coastal mountains, within view of the Pacific Ocean, creates an eerie, surreal scene on July 9, 2017, near Santa Maria, California.

It feels like a sin against the sanctitude of being alive to put a dollar value on one year of a human life. A year spent living instead of dead is obviously priceless, beyond the measure of something so unprofound as money. But it gets a price tag in the world of economic models. Different agencies and organizations use different estimates—no one can seem to agree on the precise going rate. But according to the Environmental Protection Agency, a statistical lifetime is valued at about $11.5 million in 2024 dollars. By one new analysis, that translates to about $250,000 per year of living.

That’s important to know, because the EPA is in the business of calculating how much money is lost or saved by preventing people’s early demise through various environmental regulations. Making contaminated water safer and dirty air cleaner costs money, but the country also benefits financially by keeping people alive. In the EPA’s own language, the agency simply estimates how much people are willing to pay to reduce their risk of dying from exposure to an unclean environment.

Polluted air is particularly important to the life-cost calculus. Air pollution is associated with some 100,000 to 200,000 American deaths each year. Particulate matter from burning fossil fuels is responsible for roughly one in five deaths worldwide. In the U.S., those lost life years and other air-pollution-related damages amount to about 5 percent of GDP . The U.S. has largely decided that the cost is worth it, more than made up for by the financial benefits of keeping the economy moving. But a pair of new analyses suggests that we may be getting that calculus wrong—that air pollution is already a silent but severe tax on human life and will get only more costly as the world warms.

In the first report , economists at MIT, the University of Chicago, McMaster University, and the National Bureau of Economic Research found that the Great Recession of 2007 to 2009—despite causing profound economic hardship—actually increased Americans’ life expectancy. And the economic advantages of those added life-years might even roughly equal the economic costs.

Using county-level data focused on local labor markets, they found that every 1 percent increase in unemployment led to a .5 percent decrease in the death rate. Some regions saw larger benefits than others, and young people, whose lifetime earning power is especially harmed in any recession, were likely still harmed more than helped, at least in the short term. But older Americans, who have naturally higher mortality rates, got especially lucky. Out of every 25 Americans age 55, for instance, one appears to have received an extra year of life. On average, across all age groups, the recession reduced the American mortality rate by 2.3 percent.

The recession officially lasted just 18 months, but life expectancy stayed elevated for at least 10 years. And crucially, the researchers estimate that more than a third of the reduction in deaths resulted from fewer commuters hitting the road, as well as lower industrial activity and electricity generation—in short, a reduction in air pollution.

When the team applied the value of a life-year to the recession-induced longevity, they suddenly saw the recession differently: What Americans lost in income and purchasing power, they gained in life-years, Matthew J. Notowidigdo, an economist at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and an author of the paper, told me. “From a social-welfare perspective, they kind of even out.”

Remarkably, the recession seemed to even reduce the “ deaths of despair ” typically linked to economic downturns. For each 1 percent increase in the unemployment rate during the recession, deaths from drug overdose, liver disease, and suicide went down 1.4 percent in the years following it. The cleaner air of the Great Recession might have contributed: A recent study of suicide in China found that a major reduction in particulate-matter pollution during the country’s recent crackdown on pollution prevented some 46,000 such deaths in just five years.

The China study is not the first to link dirty air with suicide. And that makes sense, given the many connections researchers are now drawing between air pollution and cognitive outcomes. Ultra-small air-pollution particles known as PM2.5—so named because they are 2.5 microns or smaller in diameter, about 30 times narrower than a human hair—can cross the blood-brain barrier, and are linked to a suite of neurological harms. A 2023 paper found that Americans living in places with the country’s median level of PM2.5 air pollution had a 56 percent higher chance of developing Parkinson’s disease than those living in the cleanest air. High levels of PM2.5 appear to also be related to higher rates of dementia . In children, whose brains are still developing, exposure to PM2.5 has been associated with behavioral and cognitive problems.

Because particulate matter poses such a health risk, the U.S. has for more than half a century enforced rules limiting how much of it can leave tailpipes and smokestacks. Prior to the Clean Air Act, breathing was an outrageously hazardous activity in many towns and cities. On Halloween weekend in 1948, two dozen people suffocated to death in the city of Donora, Pennsylvania, when a windless weather pattern made pollution from the local zinc plant stall over the town.

Each year since the air-quality rules came into force, they have prevented nearly 250,000 premature deaths, staved off nearly 200,000 heart attacks, kept American adults at work a cumulative 17 million days, and boosted school attendance by 5.4 million days. But those benefits are now being swamped by another source of air pollution, one that’s far less directly manageable than cars and power plants: climate change. That’s the conclusion of a new report from the nonprofit First Street Foundation, which found that climate-change-fueled environmental conditions such as wildfires and ozone pollution are already reversing decades of air-quality gains for millions of Americans, a trend that will get worse for at least the next 30 years.

According to First Street, American air got better from the 1970s until 2016. Then, it began to reverse course. As the climate crisis deepens—specifically as more frequent, hotter wildfires bear down on the American West and as temperatures rise across the country—that degradation will continue. By 2054, the report projects, U.S. air quality will have degraded to what it was in 2004, wiping out years of progress. “We’re essentially adding back more premature deaths, we’re adding back more heart attacks,” Jeremy Porter, a demographer who serves as the head of climate implications at First Street, said during a webinar presenting the findings.

Read: A frightening new reason to worry about air pollution

The impacts will be worse across the West, where wildfires are set to cause the greatest increases in PM2.5 pollution. Pierce County, in Washington State, is projected to see 12 more days of poor air quality a year by 2054, the biggest increase in the country. The researchers defined poor air days as those with an Air Quality Index of 101 or above, the threshold at which the EPA says air becomes dangerous for sensitive groups (elderly people, children, and people with certain illnesses) and can impair lung function for a sizable portion of active, healthy people too. “Twelve days doesn’t sound like a lot, but you’re thinking about 12 more days being trapped in your house, not being able to go outside, worrying about the health consequences of being exposed to the poor air quality,” Porter said. California’s San Bernardino County came in second, with nine additional days, and Fresno County would add eight more days.

California is already experiencing the worst of what First Street called the “climate penalty” on air quality. Its number of “hazardous” air-quality days—the worst on the EPA’s Air Quality Index, indicating emergency conditions—increased from three in 2010 to 38 in 2021. “Very unhealthy” days, the next level down from “hazardous,” went from one to 17 over that period. The number of days designated as “unhealthy for sensitive groups” went up, from 15 to 55. And “good” air-quality days, when the air is considered safe for everyone to breathe, declined by 32 percent.

The First Street researchers described California’s situation as a glimpse into the rest of the country’s future under climate change, barring dramatic action to curb it. The East Coast and Great Lakes regions got a taste of that future last summer, when wildfire smoke blown over from Canada’s record burns turned the sky in some places a sickening orange. Notowidigdo told me that last year, he was working on the Great Recession paper when Canadian wildfires sent air quality plummeting in Chicago, where he lives. He and his kids were stuck inside, and wore masks if they had to go out. Still, the bad air got to them through their house’s walls.

Although clean-air rules served their purpose relatively well in the 20th century, today the pollution they regulate is being dwarfed by the consequences of a warming planet. You can’t put scrubbers on a wildfire. But you can cut off the fuel—climate change—coaxing them to get bigger. The faster the American economy moves away from fossil energy, the sooner the burns stop growing.

That transition will be expensive. But the science makes clear that Americans are already paying steep costs, and stand to pay even more in the coming decades. GDP, as Notowidigdo and his colleagues note, may be an incomplete proxy for the true health of society. As long as economic growth is linked to polluting industries, it will come at the cost of human health. As such, we live in a world where economic downturns can paradoxically save lives. But a country powered by clean energy could presumably prosper economically without killing people prematurely.

The air we breathe is worsening because of an expired calculation. Maybe it was always bunk. Now, preserving life depends on how quickly we can correct that equation.

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Essay 81 – To solve growing traffic and pollution problems

Gt writing task 2 / essay sample # 81.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: [Disagreement]

Some believe that raising the price of fuel is the most effective method to solve traffic congestion and pollution issues. I, however, believe that increasing fuel cost is not the answer to the problem as more effective solutions are there to curb traffic jams and environmental pollution.

Theoretically, higher oil prices dissuade people from using private vehicles to save their budget. This means the number of private transports that runs on the roads will decrease and less quantity of greenhouse gases will be released to damage the atmosphere. But in practice, it is a quick-fix solution that will not bring any lasting impacts and can also jeopardize our economy. Moreover, oil cost is not a big deal for those who can afford expensive cars but will add woes to mass people. Since higher oil price makes production cost go higher, prices of essential items will also grow as a result. In consequence, people’s purchasing power will decline and the economy will be negatively affected.

In my opinion, governments can tackle traffic and pollution problems more effectively. First and foremost, the government can improve the public transport system so that citizens can travel comfortably. Secondly, the government should wage an aggressive campaign for an Eco-friendly lifestyle. For example, people can check the goods they buy are packaged in biodegradable packaging which decomposes easily. Last but not least, the government also can encourage corporations to introduce a ‘telecommuting’ and ‘work from home’ culture, which in turn will reduce traffic considerably and will cut greenhouse gas emissions accordingly.

To reiterate, an increase in petrol price is less effective to ameliorate traffic and pollution problems, rather it can hamper economic growth. Improved public transport and public awareness to go eco-friendly can be far better solutions.

Model Answer 2: [Agreement]

In recent times, traffic and pollution have become significant problems in most cities. Some people suggest that the most effective solution to this is to raise the price of petrol. I fully agree with this viewpoint. In addition, there are other measures that can be taken to address the issue.

Firstly, increasing the petrol price would help discourage people from using their vehicles frequently. When the cost of petrol is higher, people would be more cautious about how much they drive and where they go, leading to a decrease in traffic congestion and air pollution. For instance, cities like London, Singapore, and Stockholm have implemented a congestion charge scheme that involves a high cost for using vehicles in congested areas. As a result, there has been a reduction in the number of cars on the roads and a decrease in air pollution.

However, there are some who argue that increasing the price of petrol would affect the economy negatively. For instance, it would increase the cost of transporting goods, leading to higher prices for consumers. In response, governments can provide subsidies for essential goods transport, such as medical supplies or food.

In addition to that, governments should provide incentives for people to use public transportation. This could include reducing fares, increasing the frequency of buses and trains, and providing better infrastructure for cyclists and pedestrians. For example, the city of Amsterdam has a vast network of cycling paths, which encourages people to cycle instead of driving cars. This has reduced traffic congestion and helped improve air quality.

In conclusion, increasing the price of petrol is an effective measure to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. It would encourage people to use their vehicles less frequently and switch to public transportation or other alternatives. Nevertheless, this measure must be coupled with other measures, such as incentives for using public transportation and subsidies for essential goods transport, to ensure that the overall impact on society is positive.

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Increasing The Price Of Petrol Is The Best Way To Solve Growing Traffic And Pollution Problems | Band 7 IELTS Essay Sample

by Manjusha Nambiar · October 24, 2021

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Here is a band 7 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 7 IELTS essay sample

In order to address the issue of traffic congestion and environment pollution, people suggest that raising the fuel cost may be the best approach. I agree with this statement because it will discourage people from using their own vehicles for commuting; however, there are other solutions as well that can be implemented to overcome this trend.

When petrol becomes more expensive, few people will be able to drive their own cars. This will reduce the number of private cars on the roads and thus ease traffic congestion to a great extent. Another advantage of this measure is that it will improve air quality. Automobiles are one of the biggest causes of air pollution. When there are fewer cars on the roads, there will be less emission of toxic gases.

On the other hand, encouraging the people to use public transport and limiting the number of vehicles that enter the city centre on a daily basis can be considered as other options. That said, many people hesitate to use trains or busses due to their poor quality of service. If the authorities can upgrade the public transport service, it may increase the number of people who use them for daily travelling. Furthermore, imposing heavy parking costs in cities will discourage commuters from coming to congested areas in their own vehicle.

In conclusion, raising the fuel price can be a good solution to overcome the pollution and traffic problems in countries. However, there are other alternative measures that can be taken to address this phenomenon.

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how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

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how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

Increasing the price of fuel is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Oct 19, 2021 / Recent IELTS writing task 2 questions / 4:25 pm

blog

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

  16 October, 2021

MODEL ANSWER>>>

  It is suggested that the most effective way to address the problems of traffic and pollution is a hike in the price of fuels. Considering the fact that fuel is an essential commodity, I feel that it hardly makes any significant impact in solving these crises.

  The most important reason why I cannot accept a price hike of fuels is because fuel as an energy source has become an integral part of the smooth running of life in the modern era. As far as it plays a vital role, even a substantial increase in the price would not reflect any decline in the rate of pollution caused by vehicles and congestion on roads. At the same time, the move would cause financial difficulties among the common people, who have to spend more. Whether it is private vehicles or public vehicles, transportation should hardly face any hurdles for maintaining the normal life of people, and it is the responsibility of governments.

  Analysing the better options to curb the problem of traffic , the first which comes to my mind is the improvement of infrastructure in transportation, which includes the construction of elevated motorways, subways and making metro rails and monorails popular. A simultaneous implementation of stringent traffic laws and their effective monitoring can mitigate the issue further. Regarding pollution , governments can promote the most energy-efficient and less-polluting fuels like CNG instead of petrol and diesel. Laws can also be implemented to scrap older vehicles on roads, which are one of the major causes of pollution caused by motor vehicles.

  To conclude, it is clear that as far as fuel plays an integral part in the life of modern man, its price hike is not going to alter the traffic and pollution problems. Instead both these issues can be solved better if addressed individually.

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Search this blog, cambridge 8 test 3 writing task 2 - increasing the price of petrol, cambridge 8 test 3 writing task 2, ielts writing how to answer cambridge 8 test 3 writing task 2 question.

How would you answer this essay question about increasing the price of petrol, traffic and pollution?

  • What traffic problems are there in your country?
  • Who should solve traffic problems?
  • Will traffic problems be better or worse in the future? Why?

Some people think increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

Cambridge 8 Writing Task 2 Test 3

Authentic IELTS practice tests - Cambridge 8 Test 3 Writing Task 2 .

Is Increasing The Price Of Petrol The Best Way To Solve Growing Traffic And Pollution Problems?

Increasing the Price of Petrol IELTS Task 2 Sample Essay Answer

Increased traffic on our roads and concern for the environment are hot topics at the moment, and so they should be as they directly impact our mobility and future. We can expect further traffic increases in major cities as populations grow and developing countries become wealthier.

While increasing petrol prices directly impacts all who use the road, it is no long-term solution for solving traffic or pollution problems. As we have seen, previous increases in the cost of petrol have not meant that traffic is now moving freely in the present. The normal sequence of events is something along the lines of oil companies increasing prices, transport companies and businesses simply passing on the increase to the consumer, and consumers tightening their belts a little and swallowing the increase.

Recent technology applied to car manufacturing and inner-city traffic restrictions have probably had more impact on reducing traffic emissions and flow in urban areas than. While people traveling on vacation or in their free time to visit family or friends may think twice about using their own cars, the vast bulk of daily traffic on the roads consists of commuters, people going to and from work, and commercial transport. Whether they travel by car, bus or motorcycle, these people have few options when faced with a petrol price increase; therefore, we can hardly expect the volume of traffic to reduce drastically unless we also accept expect people to stop going to work.

We have already seen the success of technology in cars when it comes to reducing air pollution and increasing energy efficiency, and this probably holds the best hope for the future. Reasonable and conscious use of private cars by people should continue to be encouraged. While inner-city traffic restrictions on private cars have had some success in reducing pollution, additional restrictions could well lead to other problems. For example, it could lead to further decay of local high street retail trade, which has already been severely affected by out-of-town shopping malls and online shopping.

IELTS writing how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

There's no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems will vary from city to city. However, some general things that could be done include:

  • Making public transportation more accessible and affordable
  • Creating incentives for people to carpool or use other forms of shared transportation
  • Making it easier and more affordable for people to walk or bike to their destinations
  • >Encouraging more electric cars
  • Encouraging businesses to adopt green policies and practices, such as using energy-efficient lighting or recycling programs.

Advantages of increasing the price of petrol to solve growing traffic pollution

There are a few advantages to fuel prices as an effective strategy to reduce traffic pollution.

Firstly, it would create a financial incentive for people to choose more environmentally-friendly modes of transportation, such as biking or public transit.

Secondly, it would help to reduce traffic congestion, which would, in turn, lead to fewer emissions from cars and trucks.

Finally, it would generate revenue for governments that they could use to fund public transportation initiatives and other environmental programs.

Disadvantages of increasing the price of petrol to solve growing traffic pollution

There are a few disadvantages to implementing higher fuel costs to solve growing traffic and pollution issues.

First, it would disproportionately impact low-income people, who are already struggling economically, unless attractive and affordable alternatives are offered.

Second, it could cause a recession as people have less money to spend on other things.

And third, it wouldn't solve the problem of traffic pollution – people would find other ways to get around, such as driving more congested routes or using public transport services.

So, while increasing the price of petrol to deter private car use is one potential solution to growing traffic pollution and to improving air quality, there are also several drawbacks to consider.

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Increasing the Price of Petrol for Environmental Problems

Increasing the price of petrol is the only way to solve environmental problems ielts essay.

Increasing the price of petrol is the only way to solve environmental problems. Do you agree or disagree?

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Some people think that one of the best ways to solve environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel for cars and other vehicles. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.

This essay was asked on  Recent IELTS Exam 16 October 2021 India Question Answers

Increasing the Price of Petrol IELTS Essay – Model Answer 1

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Nowadays, environmental issues are increasing day by day and the fundamental cause of this problem is the emissions of vehicles. And considering this fact, some people think that raising the price of petrol is the best way to solve this problem. I agree as much as I disagree with the notion. I will give reasons for this in the forthcoming paragraphs.

To begin with, it is indubitable that the use of private vehicles is increasing every day. It is not only harmful to the environment but also the main reason for increasing accidents. Therefore, a rise in petroleum would decline the use of bikes and cars. Air pollution is also harmful to people’s health. So, if the environment will be cleaned, it would be also beneficial for them especially for aged people. For instance, the Government of New Zealand, in 2018, increased the price of petrol, people started using public transportation instead of private vehicles. As a result, air pollution decreased by 40%. Moreover, these sources take so many years to be produced. So, if we use it as little as possible, our next generation can also take benefits from it. In addition, the government can also find some alternatives such as wind power, hydropower, and solar power which would be cheap as well as sustainable.

On the other hand, every coin has two sides. If the price of petrol would be increased, the price of food, grocery, clothes and other things of necessity would increase as well. It would be hard to live the life of poverty-stricken people. Rich people do not have to face any problems because, at any cost, they will live their life as they are living. Problems would only be faced by poor communities. Eventually, it will decrease the environmental problems, but also increase the price of other necessities and that will be the main problem for poor people to live their life.

In conclusion, I believe that it is helpful as much as harmful when we see the pros and cons of this. However, the government should develop some alternatives so that both things could be fixed.

Environmental Problems by Increasing the Fuel Price IELTS Essay – Model Answer 2 (With Measures)

The overconsumption of fossil fuels has become a major topic of concern recently. Some people suggest that increasing the fuel price can be the solution to cope with environmental issues. Personally, I believe that other measures should also be given equal consideration.

Firstly, increasing the fuel expense cannot minimize the global dependence on fuel. It should be first noted that even when the price of fuel increases significantly, people still cannot cut down the tremendous demand for petrol at once. For example, in daily life, people still need to use their cars despite the fluctuation in the petrol price. Another clear reason is that petrol is also intended for other applications in manufacturing industries and agricultural purposes. If the price of fuel increases, the national economy could suffer many unfavorable consequences.

When it comes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, some measures should be taken to mitigate the problems of overconsuming fuel. The most practical measure at the moment is to reduce the demand for resources in daily activities like traveling or production. This can be done by encouraging people to turn to mass-producing energy-efficient products like hybrid cars or implementing new saving energy technology in manufacture. Besides, the most sustainable solution is to lower the reliance on fuel by taking advantage of alternative resources. Wind and tidal power in the Netherlands, nuclear power in Japan, and solar power in the United States have all proven their efficiency in energy in energy production. These could be employed in other parts of the world to minimize the global dependence on fossil fuels.

All existing data above shows that only increases the fuel price will not reduce the global warming effects. Some strong alternative measures need to be implemented to tackle this situation.

Fuel Price and Environment Problems IELTS  Essay – Model Answer 3

It is argued that to curb the pollution on earth is to raise fuel prices, which is one of the viable solutions. This essay substantially disagrees with the statement, and will first discuss how other sources of pollution are damaging the environment, and then suggest how high-priced gasoline affects the market in a country.

It does not make sense that increased fuel prices can reduce environmental issues because it is unfair to say the cars are the sole culprit to the environmental crisis. This is because huge industries in urban and sub-urban areas create harmful fumes and dangerous mineral wastes. Therefore, these organizations are not only polluting the air but water bodies and fertile land as well. For example, recent research by the World Automotive Association revealed that the contribution of air pollution of motor vehicles running on roads around the globe is only 15%. Therefore it is ridiculous to say that automobiles are significant sources of pollution.

The fuel prices are a prominent factor while considering the transportation charges. With the increased rate of petrol, the transport companies have to raise their trip cost to compensate for their profits. Due to this, consumers have to pay a higher price for the same products, and inflation in the market is not good for a country’s economy. For instance, in India, the prices of domestically sold petrol and diesel are not controlled by the government and are dependent on international crude oil prices, thus the cost of products in the local market is being increased daily. In addition to this, most cars owners can afford higher-priced gasoline.

In conclusion, raising the cost of fuel to solve environmental issues is a way because industries produce much more pollution as compared to automobiles, and it increases the transport cost.

Environmental Problems IELTS Essay – Model Answer 4

Environmental problems have become a controversial issue in human society. A group of people believes that if authorities will increase the cost of gasoline for private vehicles, then, the environmental complications will be decreased. I partly agree with the given argument. There are some reasons for it. I will discuss it in the following paragraphs of this essay.

Some people think that one of the best ways to solve environmental problems. First of all, if the government will make fuel costly to purchase for cars or bikes, then people will not use their own vehicles. As a result of it, they will start to use public transportation and it will lead to less pollution in the environment. Also, the public sector can gain revenue from the traveling costs of public vehicles. In addition, expensive gasoline or petrol will decline its demand. Due to it, the exploitation of natural resources will also decrease such as coal, gas, and so on. In particular, during 2018 in Nigeria, when the fuel costs had increased by authorities, the economy, as well as the public transport system, was started its development.

On the other hand, expensive fuel will bring a negative impact also. Firstly, if the fuel costs will climb up, then, other goods and services will also increase such as food, clothes, electricity and so on. Due to this, the lives of human beings will be suffered and it can put a contribution to the poverty of the masses. So, it will put a diverse effect on the nation’s financial condition. Moreover, rich persons can afford expensive fuel because they have enough money to purchase gasoline for their luxury cars. But poverty-stricken people will become unable to ride their bikes. Apart from it, several human beings who are physically disabled or handicapped maybe become the convict of inconvenience. Such persons use their private vehicles. So, this will create problems for them.

To conclude, the high cost of fuel would bring positive development in the protection of the environment. But it will also become inconvenient for poor and physically disabled people. So, I believe that authorities should enact some strict rules. could be proved beneficial for both the environment and human society.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Petrol Price – Model Answer 5

We have several problems in our lives and in the world, but the major and common problem is to protect the environment. Some people think that raising the rates of petrol is the only way to fix the environmental issue. In this essay, I have described why I am not agreed with this statement.

It is a fact there are many natures related problems which can be solved by using less petrol. However, increasing the rate of petrol does not decrease the use of petrol. People will use petrol whatever the rate will be. If the government raises the rate of petrol, it will cause inflation in the country. But it will not decrease the environmental problems. There are many other ways of reducing pollution like educating people by showing them posters at some places, showing the advertisement. In addition, the government should show civilians the importance of water, air, land. Also, encourage them not to waste the water, not to use vehicles when they can go by walk or carpooling and not throw garbage anywhere. Moreover, the government should give plants for free and inspire people to plant them and take care of trees and gardens. According to my, these are the ways that can help to fix environmental problems.

However, some think increases the rate of petrol will control the pollution. They believe like this due to several reasons. Firstly, they think if petrol rate will go up. People will start using public transport, and People will start doing carpooling; people will not use the vehicle within walking distance. Secondly, if the petrol rate increases, people will think before buying new vehicles that will help in traffic-related problems. Lastly, they think if people will not use more vehicles and will not buy more vehicles, it will decrease air pollution. If we agree with them about reducing air pollution, what about other environmental problems like garbage, waste of water, cutting the trees, petrol rate will not fix these problems.

To conclude, raising the price of petrol is not the only way to help the environment because it does not cure all the environmental-related issues.

Fuel Price Environment Problems IELTS Essay – Model Answer 6

More and more vehicles on the road have become one of the main causes of environmental pollution. A group of individuals tends to that increment in the price of gasoline for private vehicles is an effective method to mitigate environmental issues. I quite agree with the given statement. Actually, there are several reasons for it. I will discuss it in the following paragraphs of this essay.

First of all, A camp of society thinks that if the public sector will increase the cost of fuel for cars or other vehicles, then, people will not give the first priority to their own vehicles for traveling. As a result, they will start using public transportation such as buses, cabs, trains, and so on. Minimum vehicles on the roads will release fewer carbon emissions and it will be beneficial for the environment.

Apart from it, the high cost of fuel for vehicles will lead to an agreement on the exploitation of natural fuel resources such as petroleum, gas, and coal. Actually, search the types of fuel take a hundred years for its production. Also, the cleaning process of mentioned natural resources puts a bad impact on the environment. So, Expensive gasoline will protect the environment.

In addition to it, if the government will raise the cost of diesel or petrol, then, the development of clean resources will be started. There are unlimited safe sources of energy available including wind power, hydropower, solar power, and so on. This is a cheap and sustainable source of energy. People will start using it which leads to a clean environment. However, high rates of fuel for private vehicles can put bad impact on other services. Because Fuel costs and other things go hand in hand such as traveling costs in public transportation.

To conclude, the high cost of fuel for cars or bikes will be proved fruitful for our environment. But it will increase the cost of other services in a nation.

Petrol Price Increase IELTS Essay

Environmental pollution is a greater concern in today’s society. Some people think that increase in the prices of fuel will help in resolving the issue. In my opinion, I think this may help to a small extent, but it is not the ultimate solution.

The increase in petrol prices may help environmental pollution to some degree, but it is not the ultimate solution. An increase in the petrol prices will lead to less use of their personal transportation, which decelerates the quality of air pollution. Lower use of transportation will lead to less congested roads and light traffic. Besides, a hike in fuel prices may not fully decrease the environmental pollution. Still, it could affect transportation costs, which hampers the industries to increase the prices of the commodities. This will indirectly affect the poor and the middle-class families.

The government must take other measures to overcome the problem. A better option is to invest in renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and tide rather than non-renewable sources like petrol and coal. In countries like the USA, the government installed solar panels for less use of energy consumption. The government must organize e-bikes at different stations and bus stops so people could be encouraged to use them, and this will also help in improving the health conditions like obesity. To conclude, hiking petrol prices is not a suitable option to decrease environmental pollution. Improving the efficiency of public transport and investing in renewable sources of energy is a better alternative to follow.

Increasing the price of petrol IELTS Agree Disagree Essay

The environment is getting polluted day by day. There are manifold reasons such as deforestation enormous vehicles on the road and to name but a few. I disagree that increasing the prices of petrol is the only effective way to protect the environment. There are other alternatives namely say no to plastic, carpooling and recycling.

At the outset, although hiking petrol prices can make the people stop using vehicles; but, it is not a successful way as people involved in different kinds of occupations. So they commute round the clock. The best alternative is to bring modifications in the behaviour of the masses regarding using plastic things. If people say no to plastic things, then they can greatly save their environment. For instance, people use a lot of plastic bags which are non-biodegradable and they burn these in the open air. So making people aware of the consequences of their activities. They can stop using plastic and they will become aware that the gases that release from burning these things can make their environment pollute and people can also face health hazards.

Moreover, Carpooling is another efficient way. It will help in controlling pollution. The classical example is developed countries, where masses share their vehicles with others and it not only save their money but also creates less pollution because the number of automobiles will be less on the road.

Furthermore, recycle things is another productive way. If people make their habit to recycle, they can contribute a lot to saving their surroundings. People really inspired by the creation of Nek Chand, who had built a Rock garden in Chandigarh. Thus the waste material instead of disposing of can be used in a useful way. As such, people will try to save their atmosphere.

In conclusion, in consideration of the above analysis, it is ostensible that carpooling, recycling and a complete ban on using plastic things can assist a lot in regulating environmental problems.

Petrol Price Increase IELTS Agree Disagree Essay

These days we are facing a lot of pollution problems everywhere due to the number of vehicles are increased in road traffic. These vehicles emit polluted air and dangerous gases which adversely affecting the earth’s environment. To reduce the usage of vehicles in transport, Some Say, the government has to come up with plan hiking the petrol prices, which directly affects the usage of vehicles and which solve the problems of environmental damaging .in this essay we will discuss the agreements and disagreements.

Increasing the petrol rates will definitely help the environment as it thwarts the usage of personal vehicles and people will use public transports to travel. This helps in reducing traffic on roads. Fewer vehicles, less traffic So, Pollution can be controlled. Decrease in petrol consumption, Petrol Companies will reduce production which helps the saving petrol reserves which is costly and rarely available material.

Hiking the petrol price badly affects the common people as their pocket has to bear more money for filling the gas. Reducing personal vehicles directly Impacts the automobile industry, as sales will drop down automobile industry will face losses. In places, where there is no public transport available people, will use personal vehicles for them hiking rates of petrol will impact their monthly budgets. This empties their pockets.

As per my opinion, I could see increasing the petrol rates has its highs and lows, Government has to regulate the usage of petrol and has to encourage providing transport with all areas. Government has to do awareness campaigns to minimal usage of petrol and encourage planting the trees by doing Green campaigns. This is how we can save the deceasing environment.

Increasing the price of petrol IELTS Essay

In this contemporary era, the crux is that natural resources without limitation use by the human race such as fossil fuels, aquifers. Some people believe that only one way to alleviate environmental adversity is that increase fuels rates or prices. I partially disagree with the given notion, my inclination will be justified in the following paragraphs along with a logical conclusion.

On the one hand, there are a host of other solutions that illustrates jump up petrol rates is not the only option. Firstly, nowadays layman has busy vocational life, for manage time, the majority of them use the personal vehicle over public transportation thus fuel consumption is high, if we increase petrol price then it will chance that mankind does not restrict to use it furthermore, encourage community is another better way. Secondly, in this industrial time, fossil fuels are basic requirements for abundant machinery, increasing rates also drawbacks for us because if production charge is high then product price is also high.

On the other hand, increasing the petrol price is also beneficial but for short periods of time, it restricts people to use fuels without any purpose like for a short distance they will choose to walk over the vehicle. In addition, humans shift to eco-friendly way that is also beneficial for the environment or nature, for instance, solar system, electric equipment (car, bike, etc) additionally, preferring public transportation also reduces traffic congestion and accidents rates, especially in urban areas.

To sum up, to overcome environmental tribulation, some people claimed that increase the fuels charge is the only option. I partially disagree with the given notion because consumption of petrol is self depending, many machines run by fuels. Moreover, it is effective for short times as well as people shift to another eco-friendly way.

Petrol Price Environmental Issue IELTS Essay

Over the last half-century, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of vehicles. This has resulted in numerous traffic jams especially in the big cities and consequently, high levels of air pollution. Although, there are those who believe that increasing oil prices might help solve this problem. I am strongly inclined to believe that higher petrol prices will have serious drawbacks on our society.

Firstly, oil and gas play a fundamental role in the industry, since most of the heavy machinery used in different industries are operated by petrol. For example, a recent study conducted in Japan has revealed that the nearly 80% of all businesses are sensitive to the price of petrol. In addition, higher prices of petrol will indirectly influence the prices of the various goods in the market through increasing the cost of their transportation. Lastly, this will burden the people and limit their freedom to travel to enjoy their leisure time. Undoubtedly, the growth of oil and gas prices will create new problems.

On the other hand, there are some other ways to tackle the traffic and pollutions problems in cities. To begin with, improving methods of public transportation as well as the increase in their availability everywhere around the clock, will significantly reduce the use of private cars. To illustrate, a recent study published in Canada has shown that the upward trend in the various means of public transportation such as buses and trains resulted in a decrease in the number of traffic jams and road accidents by around 25%. Moreover, the government should invest more in repairing and maintaining roads as well as constructing new roads to solve the problem and traffic congestion. Furthermore, scientists should search for the sources of clean energy such as solar power and nuclear power to replace fossil fuels.

To sum up, it can be clearly seen that the cons of increasing petrol prices outweigh the pros hence I am strongly against the idea of increasing gasoline prices. Government and scientists can prevent the situation from further deterioration through new mobility solutions and innovation in renewable energy.

Environment IELTS Essay

It is believed by some that the most effective solution to addressing the issue of deteriorating the environment is increasing fuel prices. While I believe that raising the price of fuels such as petrol and diesel may help in curbing this issue to some extent, it is not the best solution to solve the environmental problems of the world.

On the one hand, it is true that increasing fuel prices will cause some car owners to use public transportation systems or rideshare services, drive less, and walk more. This means fewer vehicles on the road and that will cause a drop in carbon emissions that are very bad for our environment and health. Industries might also turn to eco-friendly options if possible.

However, this solution is certainly not without its flaws. Firstly, a great number of vehicles in a country are owned by the affluent. For them, the cost of fuel is very low compared with life’s other necessities and so an increase in fuel prices may not change their nature towards car usage. Instead, a better solution could be to improve road conditions and build a faster and more efficient public transport system. For example, not only the poor but also the rich prefer the Delhi metro over cars.

Another effective way to reduce transportation-related air pollution emissions is to use clean vehicle and fuel technologies. These include fuel-efficient vehicles that use less oil, cleaner fuels that produce fewer emissions, and electric cars and trucks. In fact, all the major car companies like Honda, Toyota, Ford are ramping up electric car production. So instead of raising fuel prices and invoking hard feelings among people, the government can give incentives to people to buy these environment-friendly vehicles.

Summing up, higher fuel prices may put a small dent in air pollution but other measures like building a better public transport system and cleaner environment-friendly vehicles are better solutions to our environmental problems.

Increasing the Price of Petrol for Environmental Problems

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The Best Way to Solve Growing Traffic and Pollution Problems | IELTS Writing

This is a sample essay for IELTS writing on the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. Advertisement I’ll continue sharing more IELTS tips and materials for you. So keep visiting BDClass. Question:…

This is a sample essay for IELTS writing on the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems .

I’ll continue sharing more IELTS tips and materials for you. So keep visiting BDClass.

Question: Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

  • To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  • What other measures do you think might be effective?

how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems

Sample Answer: It is considered that to accomplish the matter of increasing traffic and pollution, one of the best ways is rising the cost of petrol.

I somewhat agree with that .   I will highlight my point of view and will give some measures ,   which might be effective.

It is true that in the street the number of vehicles increasing day by day, therefore pollution improving at the same time. Rising petrol consumption may a good way because it can stop some unnecessary vehicles to ride in the street. As a result, the problems begin to decline.

But the difficulty is that the poor and the middle-class people may not afford it. Hence ,  the authority should increase   it in an affordable stage.

However, taking some other steps might be more suitable for the situation. Some possible solutions like making a restriction on the number of vehicles a family can purchase, and try to make people aware. As well as produce electrical transport more and more except patrol vehicles. Because electrical vehicles don’t make pollution.

In conclusion, there may have some arguments for increasing the cost of petrol. That’s why I think the other steps which I have given, might more effective.

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February 5, 2024

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To

## ***Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?***

### Sample Answer:

The issue of increasing traffic and pollution is a significant concern for many cities around the world. Some people believe that raising the price of petrol is the most effective solution to these problems. However, I disagree with this viewpoint and believe that there are alternative measures that can be taken to address these issues.

Firstly, increasing the price of petrol may not necessarily lead to a reduction in traffic and pollution. While it is true that higher fuel costs may discourage some people from driving, it is also likely to have a disproportionate impact on low-income individuals who rely on their vehicles for work and other essential activities. This could result in increased financial strain for these individuals, without significantly reducing overall traffic and pollution levels.

Instead of focusing solely on increasing the price of petrol, I believe that a more comprehensive approach is needed to address traffic and pollution problems. This could include investing in public transportation infrastructure, implementing carpooling and ride-sharing initiatives, and promoting the use of electric or hybrid vehicles. By providing viable alternatives to driving and reducing the reliance on petrol-powered vehicles, it is possible to make a meaningful impact on traffic and pollution levels.

Furthermore, government policies and regulations can play a crucial role in addressing these issues. For example, implementing stricter emissions standards for vehicles and promoting the use of renewable energy sources can help to reduce pollution levels. Additionally, urban planning and development strategies can be used to create more walkable and bike-friendly cities, further reducing the need for petrol-powered transportation.

In conclusion, while increasing the price of petrol may seem like a straightforward solution to traffic and pollution problems, I believe that a more holistic approach is necessary. By investing in alternative transportation options, implementing effective government policies, and promoting sustainable urban development, it is possible to address these issues in a more comprehensive and equitable manner.

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COMMENTS

  1. Solving Traffic and Pollution Problems: Essay Ideas

    Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree. What other measures do you think might be effective. Growing traffic is considered to be a major issue to the world. More cars are hitting the road day by day, which lead to serious pollution problems.

  2. The best way to solve traffic and pollution problems

    Sample Answer: There is a growing concern over the rising levels of traffic congestion and pollution in urban areas, and some people believe that increasing the price of petrol is the best solution to these problems. While I agree that raising the price of petrol could potentially reduce the number of vehicles on the road and decrease pollution ...

  3. How to beat pollution

    The Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Biodiversity Targets call for a decrease in pollution and demand specific actions on excess nutrients. The Paris Climate Agreement is a major step forward in tackling both climate change and air pollution. We need to adapt these models, and scale up what works. We also need to dramatically step ...

  4. Writing Task 2: The best way to solve growing traffic and pollution

    This added cost of purchasing a personal vehicle would discourage car ownership in the first place, hence curbing/curtailing traffic and pollution levels. In conclusion, improved living standards and social aspect of owning a car are why increasing the price of fuel may not the best solution to traffic and pollution problems.

  5. 10 Possible Solutions to Air Pollution

    Better roads, better traffic light timing and access to better public transportation would go a long way to reducing air pollution. 6. Change Travel and Commuting Patterns. A parked Zipcar in the Brooklyn borough of New York City on April 13, 2011. Spencer Platt/Getty Images.

  6. 7 Tips to Help Cities Reduce Traffic Congestion

    7. Promote carpooling and ride-sharing. Smart cities are promoting ride-sharing to help reduce traffic. Carpooling and ride-sharing are two more sustainable transportation options that can help to reduce traffic congestion. Carpooling is when two or more people share a ride in a single vehicle. This can be done by friends, family, or co-workers ...

  7. 456

    Write at least 250 words. Sample Answer 1: (Agreement) Over the last century, our cities faced unprecedented growth of traffic congestion and as a result of this, we encounter a litany of environmental pollutions. Some experts believe that the rising cost of petrol is the best way to tackle these problems.

  8. Air Pollution Solutions

    There Are Many Solutions to Air Pollution. In order to improve air quality and slow climate warming, change needs to happen on a national and global scale. However, actions at the individual and community level are also important. Burn less coal. Pollution from burning all fossil fuels is harmful to the atmosphere, but burning coal has a larger ...

  9. The best way to solve traffic and pollution problems

    To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve the growing traffic congestions and pollutions. Thus, an effective way to control the aforementioned issues would be to use other renewable sources of energy in the public transport system which can significantly bring down traffic and pollution problems.

  10. Transport pollution: Some practical solutions for developing countries

    Photo: LIC/Flickr No matter how you measure it, the impact of air pollution is startling. According to new research, air pollution worldwide cuts life expectancy by 1.8 years for an average person, and is responsible for some 8.8m early deaths a year globally.That is twice as much as previous estimates, making air pollution one of the leading causes of death in the world.

  11. Solve Growing Traffic And Pollution Problems # IELTS Essay

    solve growing traffic and pollution problems There can be other measures which can be used to curb the growth of traffic and pollution. First and foremost, public transport should be made easily and cheaply available to the public so that it can become affordable for all people.

  12. IELTS Writing Task 2

    Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective? Many often suggest that increasing the price of gasoline can alleviate traffic congestion and, as a result, reduce carbon emissions and noise pollution ...

  13. Increasing The Price Of Petrol Is The Best Way To Solve Traffic

    Indeed, growing traffic density and pollution have become alarming issues in the contemporary world. It is suggested that the price of petrol / oil should be hiked. ... While it is possible that higher petrol prices will solve the traffic and pollution problems to a great extent, raising the price of oil is not the best solution. However, I ...

  14. IELTS band 8 essay sample: Should fuel prices be increased to reduce

    Band 8 essay sample. Over the last two decades there has been a massive increase in the number of vehicles on the road. This can be attributed to the increased buying power of people; however, it has also led to traffic problems and pollution in big cities. Some people argue that this problem can be solved to a great extent by increasing fuel ...

  15. Traffic Congestion and Pollution: 2 Part Question

    This IELTS model essay is on the topic of traffic congestion and pollution. It's a 2-part, or IELTS direct question essay. It is taken from Cambridge IELTS 8. Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree….

  16. There's Only One Way to Fix Air Pollution Now

    Ultra-small air-pollution particles known as PM2.5—so named because they are 2.5 microns or smaller in diameter, about 30 times narrower than a human hair—can cross the blood-brain barrier ...

  17. Essay 81

    Write at least 250 words. Model Answer 1: [Disagreement] Some believe that raising the price of fuel is the most effective method to solve traffic congestion and pollution issues. I, however, believe that increasing fuel cost is not the answer to the problem as more effective solutions are there to curb traffic jams and environmental pollution.

  18. IELTS Writing Task 2: 'petrol price' introduction

    The following question comes from Cambridge IELTS book 8. Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective? My students wrote the introduction below. Notice that it addresses all parts of the question so that the examiner knows exactly what our position is ...

  19. Increasing The Price Of Petrol Is The Best Way To Solve Growing Traffic

    When petrol becomes more expensive, few people will be able to drive their own cars. This will reduce the number of private cars on the roads and thus ease traffic congestion to a great extent. Another advantage of this measure is that it will improve air quality. Automobiles are one of the biggest causes of air pollution.

  20. Increasing the price of fuel is the best way to solve growing traffic

    Laws can also be implemented to scrap older vehicles on roads, which are one of the major causes of pollution caused by motor vehicles. To conclude, it is clear that as far as fuel plays an integral part in the life of modern man, its price hike is not going to alter the traffic and pollution problems. Instead both these issues can be solved ...

  21. Cambridge 8 Test 3 Writing Task 2

    IELTS writing how to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. There's no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems will vary from city to city. However, some general things that could be done include: Making public transportation more accessible and affordable

  22. Increasing the Price of Petrol for Environmental Problems

    Increasing the Price of Petrol IELTS Essay - Model Answer 1. Nowadays, environmental issues are increasing day by day and the fundamental cause of this problem is the emissions of vehicles. And considering this fact, some people think that raising the price of petrol is the best way to solve this problem.

  23. The Best Way to Solve Growing Traffic and Pollution Problems

    Sample Answer: It is considered that to accomplish the matter of increasing traffic and pollution, one of the best ways is rising the cost of petrol. Advertisement. I somewhat agree with that. I will highlight my point of view and will give some measures, which might be effective. It is true that in the street the number of vehicles increasing ...

  24. Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic

    Instead of focusing solely on increasing the price of petrol, I believe that a more comprehensive approach is needed to address traffic and pollution problems. This could include investing in public transportation infrastructure, implementing carpooling and ride-sharing initiatives, and promoting the use of electric or hybrid vehicles.