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APA Style Help & Tools

{{page_title}}, best bet: apa's academic writer.

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Academic Writer is the only authoritative and complete online environment for teaching, writing, and publishing in APA Style®, now updated to the 7th Edition. Designed to help users develop their writing and professional research skills, Academic Writer combines sophisticated learning and teaching tools, advanced writing and content management technology, and full integration of APA’s best-selling Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association® to create an unparalleled web-based suite of integrated services and tools.

Access Academic Writer anytime with this link:

library.purdueglobal.edu/academicwriter

Academic Writer Documentation & Tips

The below links lead to more information, tips, and training about the basics of using Academic Writer.

  • Library Guide to Academic Writer
  • Getting Started Guide (PDF)
  • Creating Academic Writer Accounts (PDF)
  • Accessing the Publication Manual (PDF)
  • Technical Requirements

Using Academic Writer's Writing Tools

Academic Writer contains a Writing section where you can create and write a full APA-formatted paper.  You can write the entire paper in Academic Writer or just use it to setup the title page, headings, and references.  Export your work at any time to a Microsoft Word document.  Below are documents from Academic Writer about the essential features of their Writing tools.  

  • Setting up the Title Page
  • Adding References to Papers (PDF)
  • Adding In-Text Citations (PDF)
  • Adding Tables (PDF)
  • Exporting Papers (PDF)

Featured Items from Academic Writer

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Basics of APA Style

Learn the basics of APA Style, including how to format a manuscript, understand the form and function of common manuscript parts, organize and express your thoughts clearly and precisely, employ the mechanics of style, use graphic elements effectively, credit sources and acknowledge the contributions of others, and construct a comprehensive and reliable reference list.

Academic Writer

© 2020 American Psychological Association.

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How to Avoid Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

Learn how to avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism, including how to identify plagiarism, understand its risks and consequences, cite sources properly, and develop sound writing practices.

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Learn how to set up the title page of an APA Style paper, including the page header and running head, title, author name and affiliation, and author note.

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Paper Template: ("Merenda" Sample Student Paper)

This sample response paper presents a university student's personal reaction to an article about whether medication is prescribed too often to young children to treat psychological disorders. The title page demonstrates the simple default layout for a student paper. The paper has a simple setup with only a title page, body of text, and references. No "running head"! Response papers typically do not include author notes or abstracts, though this may vary by assignment.

Visit the Writing Center

Need writing help?  Visit the Writing Center to contact a tutor, submit your paper for review and feedback, or ask APA Style-related questions, as well as access dozens of writing tutorials, videos, webinars, and other instructional resources.

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PG Writing Center's Top APA Links

  • Common Citations in APA Format
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  • APA (7th Edition) Demystified in 5 Minutes Video
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  • Writing With Integrity (APA Style 7th Ed.)

eBook on APA Style 7th Edition

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Zotero: Free Reference Management Tool

Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. This tool is especially popular for heavy researchers at the grad level and above.

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  • Using Sources & APA Style

The Purdue Global Writing Center supports writers in college composition and across the curriculum with resources that cover a range of topics on using sources and APA Style from documentation guidelines and videos on formatting a title page and reference list to writing with integrity and avoiding plagiarism. Browse the collection below or use the search tool to locate topics on using sources, APA Style, and more.

USING SOURCES

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Basic Documentation Guidelines

How to write effectively when using sources

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Writing With Integrity

Expectations for academic research and professional writing and how to avoid plagiarism

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Podcasts on Using Sources

Find podcasts on a variety of topics covering using sources, APA Style, conducting research, analyzing articles, and avoiding plagiarism.

APA STYLE DOCUMENTATION & FORMATTING

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APA Common Citations and References

Locate clear examples of in-text citations and reference list entry formats for common types of digital and print sources.

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APA Demystified in Five Minutes

Understand the basics of APA Style by watching this 5-minute video.

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Formatting an APA Style Paper and Title Page

Follow the guidance in this video tutorial when formatting an APA Style title page in Microsoft Word.

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Formatting an APA Style Reference List

Follow the guidance in this video tutorial when formatting an APA Style reference list in Microsoft Word.

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Formatting Graphics and Visuals

Learn how to format tables and figures such as images in APA Style.

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Formatting an APA Style PowerPoint Presentation

Learn how to format a PowerPoint following APA Style guidelines for lists, citations and references, tables, figures, and images.

  • PLAGIARISM INFORMATION

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Plagiarism FAQ

Find answers to frequently asked questions about plagiarism.

Understand the expectations for academic research and professional writing and how to avoid plagiarism

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Internet Research: Avoiding Plagiarism

Learn about internet research, common knowledge, and how to avoid plagiarism when using online sources.

BLOG ARTICLES ON APA STYLE

Teaching Inclusive Communication and Evolving Language as a Professional Skill

Teaching Inclusive Communication and Evolving Language as a Professional Skill

“Oh TK, that’s just politically correct BS!” “Let me guess, we’re ‘woke’ in this class?” “I always use that word. It’s not a slur.” “Am I going to be ‘cancelled’ now?” “What about my First Amendment rights to say what I want?” Hello everyone! This is Teresa Kelly–TK–from the Department of Composition and WAC. Whenever…

APA Style 2020 Posts You Don’t Want to Miss

APA Style 2020 Posts You Don’t Want to Miss

Now that 2020 is in our rearview mirror (thank goodness!), I thought it appropriate to usher in the New Year with a recap of not-to-miss Writing Center blogcasts that concern APA Style as we transition fully to the 7th edition. As those of you who subscribe to the blog know, since the blog began its…

A “We” Problem

A “We” Problem

In informal writing, the use of the first-person plural pronoun “we” is commonplace, as in, We tend to use language willy-nilly when writing informally. Some of you might not think twice about my use of “we” in that last statement (which is fine), but some of you might be saying, “Wait a minute. Hold on.…

Formal vs. Informal Writing

Formal vs. Informal Writing

Writing to many is about dos and don’ts, especially don’ts–don’t use first person, don’t use second person, don’t use slang, don’t use contractions, don’t use hyperbole. Don’t, don’t, don’t. And of course these “don’ts” are usually couched within the context of formal vs. informal writing in that the don’ts apply to formal writing and what…

Documenting Sources Made Easy

Documenting Sources Made Easy

Many who are not familiar with the basics of APA Style documentation become confused, frustrated, and sometimes even stressed when they need to document a source that may not be typical or contains missing information, but the reality is that with a few deep breaths and a pragmatic approach, most can resolve any documentation challenge…

Top Seven Common User Errors in APA Style 7th Edition

Top Seven Common User Errors in APA Style 7th Edition

Everyone likes lists. The 100 greatest movies of all time. The top ten gourmet meals in under twenty minutes as selected by gourmet chefs. And now that the 7th edition of APA Style’s Publication Manual has been out for over a year, the recurring errors people are making transitioning to the 7th edition have surfaced…

More Writing Resources

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Purdue Owl: APA Formatting & Style Guide

Developed by Purdue's Online Writing Lab. Contains resources on in-text citation and the references page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.

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Generate accurate APA citations for free

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APA Formatting and Citation (7th Ed.) | Generator, Template, Examples

Published on November 6, 2020 by Raimo Streefkerk . Revised on January 17, 2024.

The 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual provides guidelines for clear communication , citing sources , and formatting documents. This article focuses on paper formatting.

Generate accurate APA citations with Scribbr

Throughout your paper, you need to apply the following APA format guidelines:

  • Set page margins to 1 inch on all sides.
  • Double-space all text, including headings.
  • Indent the first line of every paragraph 0.5 inches.
  • Use an accessible font (e.g., Times New Roman 12pt., Arial 11pt., or Georgia 11pt.).
  • Include a page number on every page.

APA format (7th edition)

Let an expert format your paper

Our APA formatting experts can help you to format your paper according to APA guidelines. They can help you with:

  • Margins, line spacing, and indentation
  • Font and headings
  • Running head and page numbering

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Table of contents

How to set up apa format (with template), apa alphabetization guidelines, apa format template [free download], page header, headings and subheadings, reference page, tables and figures, frequently asked questions about apa format.

Are your APA in-text citations flawless?

The AI-powered APA Citation Checker points out every error, tells you exactly what’s wrong, and explains how to fix it. Say goodbye to losing marks on your assignment!

Get started!

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References are ordered alphabetically by the first author’s last name. If the author is unknown, order the reference entry by the first meaningful word of the title (ignoring articles: “the”, “a”, or “an”).

Why set up APA format from scratch if you can download Scribbr’s template for free?

Student papers and professional papers have slightly different guidelines regarding the title page, abstract, and running head. Our template is available in Word and Google Docs format for both versions.

  • Student paper: Word | Google Docs
  • Professional paper: Word | Google Docs

In an APA Style paper, every page has a page header. For student papers, the page header usually consists of just a page number in the page’s top-right corner. For professional papers intended for publication, it also includes a running head .

A running head is simply the paper’s title in all capital letters. It is left-aligned and can be up to 50 characters in length. Longer titles are abbreviated .

APA running head (7th edition)

APA headings have five possible levels. Heading level 1 is used for main sections such as “ Methods ” or “ Results ”. Heading levels 2 to 5 are used for subheadings. Each heading level is formatted differently.

Want to know how many heading levels you should use, when to use which heading level, and how to set up heading styles in Word or Google Docs? Then check out our in-depth article on APA headings .

APA headings (7th edition)

The title page is the first page of an APA Style paper. There are different guidelines for student and professional papers.

Both versions include the paper title and author’s name and affiliation. The student version includes the course number and name, instructor name, and due date of the assignment. The professional version includes an author note and running head .

For more information on writing a striking title, crediting multiple authors (with different affiliations), and writing the author note, check out our in-depth article on the APA title page .

APA title page - student version (7th edition)

The abstract is a 150–250 word summary of your paper. An abstract is usually required in professional papers, but it’s rare to include one in student papers (except for longer texts like theses and dissertations).

The abstract is placed on a separate page after the title page . At the top of the page, write the section label “Abstract” (bold and centered). The contents of the abstract appear directly under the label. Unlike regular paragraphs, the first line is not indented. Abstracts are usually written as a single paragraph without headings or blank lines.

Directly below the abstract, you may list three to five relevant keywords . On a new line, write the label “Keywords:” (italicized and indented), followed by the keywords in lowercase letters, separated by commas.

APA abstract (7th edition)

APA Style does not provide guidelines for formatting the table of contents . It’s also not a required paper element in either professional or student papers. If your instructor wants you to include a table of contents, it’s best to follow the general guidelines.

Place the table of contents on a separate page between the abstract and introduction. Write the section label “Contents” at the top (bold and centered), press “Enter” once, and list the important headings with corresponding page numbers.

The APA reference page is placed after the main body of your paper but before any appendices . Here you list all sources that you’ve cited in your paper (through APA in-text citations ). APA provides guidelines for formatting the references as well as the page itself.

Creating APA Style references

Play around with the Scribbr Citation Example Generator below to learn about the APA reference format of the most common source types or generate APA citations for free with Scribbr’s APA Citation Generator .

Formatting the reference page

Write the section label “References” at the top of a new page (bold and centered). Place the reference entries directly under the label in alphabetical order.

Finally, apply a hanging indent , meaning the first line of each reference is left-aligned, and all subsequent lines are indented 0.5 inches.

APA reference page (7th edition)

Tables and figures are presented in a similar format. They’re preceded by a number and title and followed by explanatory notes (if necessary).

Use bold styling for the word “Table” or “Figure” and the number, and place the title on a separate line directly below it (in italics and title case). Try to keep tables clean; don’t use any vertical lines, use as few horizontal lines as possible, and keep row and column labels concise.

Keep the design of figures as simple as possible. Include labels and a legend if needed, and only use color when necessary (not to make it look more appealing).

Check out our in-depth article about table and figure notes to learn when to use notes and how to format them.

APA table (7th edition)

The easiest way to set up APA format in Word is to download Scribbr’s free APA format template for student papers or professional papers.

Alternatively, you can watch Scribbr’s 5-minute step-by-step tutorial or check out our APA format guide with examples.

APA Style papers should be written in a font that is legible and widely accessible. For example:

  • Times New Roman (12pt.)
  • Arial (11pt.)
  • Calibri (11pt.)
  • Georgia (11pt.)

The same font and font size is used throughout the document, including the running head , page numbers, headings , and the reference page . Text in footnotes and figure images may be smaller and use single line spacing.

You need an APA in-text citation and reference entry . Each source type has its own format; for example, a webpage citation is different from a book citation .

Use Scribbr’s free APA Citation Generator to generate flawless citations in seconds or take a look at our APA citation examples .

Yes, page numbers are included on all pages, including the title page , table of contents , and reference page . Page numbers should be right-aligned in the page header.

To insert page numbers in Microsoft Word or Google Docs, click ‘Insert’ and then ‘Page number’.

APA format is widely used by professionals, researchers, and students in the social and behavioral sciences, including fields like education, psychology, and business.

Be sure to check the guidelines of your university or the journal you want to be published in to double-check which style you should be using.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Streefkerk, R. (2024, January 17). APA Formatting and Citation (7th Ed.) | Generator, Template, Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved February 15, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/apa-style/format/

Is this article helpful?

Raimo Streefkerk

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Other students also liked, apa title page (7th edition) | template for students & professionals, creating apa reference entries, beginner's guide to apa in-text citation, scribbr apa citation checker.

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EDUC 1300: Exceptional Learners

  • APA Citation Style Information

Plagiarism Prevention

Learn more at the slu academic integrity pages, slu academic integrity policy, helpful apa citation style sources.

In addition to the sources below, check out SLU Librarian Jamie Emery's guide  Style Guides & Manuals , including resources for APA, MLA, Chicago & more.

Includes information on APA style citations, as well as information on other citation styles and formatting. This site also includes a variety of other useful writing related information.

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (7th ed.).

This poster created by Purdue Owl summarizes APA style in a visual format.

The style and grammar guidelines pages present information about APA Style as described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition and the Concise Guide to APA Style, Seventh Edition.

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Purdue OWL APA 7th edition

Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) is the "go to" for instruction on how to use APA 7th.  Below are a few of the topics OWL has.  Check out their website for more.  https://owl.purdue.edu/index.html 

  • APA Style Introduction APA 7th
  • APA Overview and Workshop APA 7th
  • General Formating APA 7th
  • In-Text Citation: Authors APA 7th
  • Foot Notes and Appendices APA 7th
  • Changes in the 7th Edition APA 7th

APA Tutorials on 7th edition

 If you need to format your research paper or dissertation in APA style, check out these tutorials from APA.

Video Tutorial

APA 7th edtion

Cover Art

  • Comparative Chart of APA 6th and APA 7th This is a quick chart created by the Janis P. Bellack Library comparing the new edition of APA.

NOTE FROM APA about 7th edition:

There is no electronic version of APA 7th edition.

"APA does NOT have an institutional license model for APA’s Publication Manual , but electronic versions are available at Vital Source ( www.vitalsource.com ) and RedShelf ( www.redshelf.com ).

 To help students in need of APA Style guidance, tutorials and quick guides adapted from Academic Writer ® , APA’s tool for teaching and learning effective writing, are now freely available through July 1, 2020.

The Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style tutorial and other material will stay on the APAStyle.org site for free after that date. "

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  • Next: Tutorials for Searching Education Topics >>
  • Last Updated: Feb 9, 2024 10:42 AM
  • URL: https://guides.lib.purdue.edu/education

Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

APA Style (7th Edition)

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This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

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  • Print this page
  • Other styles AGLC4 APA 7th Chicago 17th (A) Notes Chicago 17th (B) Author-Date Harvard MLA 9th Vancouver
  • Referencing home

Getting started

This APA 7th style guide is based on the citing and referencing sections of the  Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association  (7th edition ) and the APA Style website ( https://apastyle.apa.org ). This guide is designed to help you:

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Our interactive online tutorials can help you understand the basics of citing and referencing, and why it's important.

Elements of citing and referencing in APA 7th style

There are two places in your assignments and other academic work you need to cite and reference- in the body of your writing ( in-text citations ) , and   at the end of your work (in the  reference list ) where you provide full details of the works you have cited. 

The Quick Start Guide (below) will help you quickly become familiar with the key features of APA 7th, and their application.

Additional resources

Quick start guide [pdf 0.2mb].

A printable two-page introduction with key examples.

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Find unusual source types

Visit the APA Style Blog for unusual source types not in this guide.

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APA 7th in-text citation checklist

Helps you cover the important aspects of citing and referencing.

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For when you need support beyond this guide

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  • Last Updated: Feb 15, 2024 4:48 PM
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APA Style (7th ed.): Citation Guide

  • Getting Started with APA

Formatting a Paper in APA

Apa paper visual guide.

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APA Basic Formatting Rules for Student Papers

The following guidelines are the basic formatting rules outlined in the  APA Publication Manual  7th edition. If your instructor sets different requirements, always use your instructor's guidelines first.

  • clearly legible, regular-sized font
  • recommendations: 12pt Times New Roman, 11pt Arial, 11pt Calibri, 10pt Lucida Sans Unicode, 11pt Georgia
  • double spaced throughout all parts of the paper including title, headings, and footnotes
  • 1-inch margins on all sides
  • Indent the first line of each paragraph by 1/2-inch (tab)
  • left-justified for the body of the paper

Running Head & Page Numbers:

  • not required to include shortened version of the title for student papers- unless requested by your instructor
  • include the page number in the top right corner of all pages

APA Title Page for Student Papers

Page number:.

  • include the page number in the top right margin. (It will be 1 for the Title Page. Continue numbering throughout the paper and References page.)

Heading about a 1/3 of the way down the page:

  • Paper Title : bold, centered
  • Author : your name
  • Institutional Affiliation : Lone Star College- Online
  • Course : your course number and the name of the course (ex. PSYC 2301: General Psychology)
  • Instructor : your instructor's name (ex- Prof. Jane Smith)
  • Due Date:  Month day, year format (ex- January 1, 2024)

APA Headings within the Body of the Paper

Paper title:.

  • include on the first line of the first page of the body of your paper
  • bold and centered

Headings and Sub-headings (use when needed)

  • APA uses a hierarchy of five levels for headings within the paper
  • short paper may not need headings at all

References Page Formatting

The following guidelines are the basic formatting rules outlined in the APA Publication Manual  7th edition. If your instructor sets different requirements, always use your instructor's guidelines first.

  • needs to start on a new page following the end of your paper
  • include the title References centered on the first line of the page
  • everything after the title is left-justified
  • listed in alphabetical order by the first part of the citation (usually the author)
  • double spaced throughout all parts
  • Each citation should have a hanging indent- or it should start at the left margin and then have all lines after it indented by 1/2-inch

Click on the information circles for tips on how to use Microsoft Word to format your paper in APA Style.

  • << Previous: Getting Started with APA
  • Next: Citing Sources in APA >>
  • Last Updated: Feb 15, 2024 3:18 PM
  • URL: https://lonestar-online.libguides.com/apa

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Style by Discipline

Apa formatting guides & examples, key characteristics, apa examples.

  • APA Template
  • Research Help

APA style is usually used in Social Sciences and Psychology and is an author-date system. APA stands for the American Psychological Association.

  • Purdue Owl APA General Format Guidelines
  • APA Style Blog
  • The Basics of APA Style - Tutorial (from APA)
  • APA Documentation Guide (University of Wisconsin, Madison) includes PDF Handout
  • Pre-Formatted Word Document in APA This is a pre-formatted Word document in APA style. Your course instructor may have additional instructions for how the paper should be formatted.

Big Picture

APA style features in-text parenthetical citations , with a focus on author/date, and a corresponding Reference page.

In-Text Citations

  • elements include author's last name, year of publication and page number(s)
  • elements in are separated by commas - Example:   (Arnold, 2015, p. 378)
  • a direct quote requires a page number preceded by p. - Example: ... as the "individuals pronounced vocally and fearlessly" (Smith, 2016, p. 201)
  • page numbers are still encouraged for summary and paraphrase though not necessary - Example: (Goriava & Woodland, 2017)
  • author's name may be excluded if found in the introductory text - Example: Patel (2013) found that .... " " (p. 67)
  • p. used for page; pp. used for multiple pages - Example: (Ramble, 2014, pp. 45-49)
  • works by two authors use the ampersand in the parentheses - Example: (Goriava & Woodland, 2017)

In-Text Citations: The Basics (OWL Purdue) In-Text Citations: Author/Authors (OWL Purdue) When and How to Include Page Numbers in APA Style Citations (APA Blog) Citing References in Text (Basics of APA Style Tutorial)

Reference List ...

  • has the title of References, centered at top
  • includes hanging indents after the first line for each entry
  • is organized alphabetically by the last name of the first author
  • gives initials to first names of authors
  • italicizes book and journal titles
  • capitalizes the first word and the first word after a semi-colon of a journal article title
  • capitalizes all major words in journal titles
  • common elements & order of citation elements:

Reference List: Basic Rules (OWL Purdue) Reference List: Author/Authors (OWL Purdue)

Note: hanging indents not included

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Help with Citations

Why must i cite, citation style and formatting, help with apa, mla, and chicago/ turabian styles, what is a citation manager which one should i use, citation management software.

Need help with citations, or with EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero?

Check our Library Workshops calendar Email [email protected] Visit our guide to Citation for additional help, and to find information about each of our citation managers.

For authors, citing

  • Provides the information to go back and find the sources during the writing process.
  • Keeps a record of all of the information used or considered.
  • Helps provide context to an argument in a larger discussion.

For researchers, citing

  • Provides inform ation to the researcher to better understand the author’s argument and the research.
  • Provides information for the researcher to find other relevant sources by going to the bibliography or references page.

As defined by the Brown University Writing Center :

Since it is one of the most dreaded faux pas—in many circumstances it is even considered a crime—in the world of academia and other intellectual circles, plagiarism is a topic that must be addressed by every aspiring writer. Appropriating another person's ideas or words (spoken or written) without attributing those word or ideas to their true source is highly frowned upon in literary and academic circles. Fortunately, with some forethought and common sense, a writer can easily avoid plagiarism. The following resources can help you discern what does—and what does not—constitute plagiarism. Take a look; it is preferable to be safe than sorry when it comes to issues of intellectual property and original thought.

The consequences of plagiarism can be very serious. For more information about plagiarism, see Brown Academic Code & Non-Academic Conduct

Each academic discipline has a preferred style for citing information. The required information in a citation is usually very similar across styles-- for example, it's nearly always important to include author, date of publication and publisher, and title of the work (which may also include title of the journal). Additional information may be required based on appropriate citation style or the format of the resource you're citing.

Citation styles differ in several ways, including order of information, punctuation, and acceptable abbreviations.

If you're unsure about which style to use, it is best to ask the person you are writing for, such as a professor or journal editor.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA style guide)

Chicago Manual of Style Online Book

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

For examples of APA, MLA and Chicago styles, and for quick reference, visit  Purdue's OWL  (Online Writing Lab) site.

Citation Managers such as RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley are software tools for managing your citations. Citation managers will help you

  • Create and organize a personal research database
  • Download ciations from online databases
  • Format bibliographies and citations in papers, and
  • Share your references with others

Brown University Libraries support and provide training  for RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley, but there are many more available.

Which citation manager should I use?

  • EndNote (Mac)
  • EndNote (PC) EndNote is a software tool that helps you organize their references, images and PDFs in any language, and create bibliographies and figure lists instantly. Download and install the software from the Brown application server.
  • Zotero Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. Zotero 3.0 is available as a standalone program, which is compatible with Chrome, Safari, or Firefox, or can be downloaded as a plug-in for your Firefox browser.
  • Mendeley Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research. Mobile App available.
  • RefWorks RefWorks is a Web-based bibliography and citation manager that allows you to create your own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases.
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APA style formatted is standard for research papers. Please address...

APA style formatted is standard for research papers. Please address the following questions.

  • What is plagiarism in a research paper and why it is the topic important in higher education?
  • What is an in-text citation and when do you use it? Provide an example.
  • What is a reference page? Provide an example of an APA reference.
  • Name 2 resources you can obtain or access if you have an APA style formatting question when prepared for your senior project?
  • Provided one APA style formatting rule to share with your peers. For example; APA formatted research papers are doubled spaced.

Answer & Explanation

Plagiarism in research papers refers to the unethical act of incorporating others' ideas, words, or work into one's own without giving appropriate credit, so breaching academic integrity and infringing upon intellectual property rights. In order to prevent plagiarism, the APA style requires the inclusion of in-text citations (such as "Smith, 2020") whenever referencing another person's ideas. Additionally, a reference page must be included at the conclusion of the paper, which provides comprehensive information about all the sources that have been cited. When seeking guidance on APA formatting, publications such as the APA Style Manual and Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) are quite beneficial. An important guideline in APA formatting is that the entire research paper, including the title page, abstract, main body, and references, should be double-spaced. This requirement promotes clarity and ensures a consistent and uniform presentation of academic work.

What is Plagiarism in a Research Paper?

Plagiarism in a research paper is the act of using someone else's work, ideas, or intellectual property without proper acknowledgment. It's considered a serious ethical violation in academia for several reasons:

  • Misrepresentation : Plagiarism involves presenting someone else's work as your own. This misrepresents the plagiarizer's abilities and undermines the trustworthiness of academic work.
  • Intellectual Theft : Original authors spend significant time and effort in producing their work. Using their ideas without credit is akin to intellectual theft.
  • Hinders Learning : The purpose of assignments in higher education is to develop critical thinking, analysis, and writing skills. Plagiarism bypasses this learning process.
  • Legal and Academic Consequences : Plagiarism can lead to legal repercussions for copyright infringement and academic penalties like failing grades or expulsion.

Importance of Plagiarism Awareness in Higher Education

Plagiarism awareness is crucial in higher education as it:

  • Upholds academic integrity and ethical standards.
  • Encourages original thought and intellectual rigor.
  • Protects the intellectual rights of others.
  • Maintains the credibility of academic qualifications.

What is an In-text Citation?

An in-text citation is a method used to give credit to the sources within the body of your paper. When you use information from a source, you need to cite it appropriately in order to avoid plagiarism. In-text citations in APA format typically include the author's last name and the year of publication. For direct quotes, a page number is also included.

Example of an In-text Citation:

  • Recent studies (Johnson, 2021) have suggested that mindfulness meditation can significantly reduce stress levels.
  • It has been noted that "mindfulness meditation can have a profound impact on stress reduction" (Johnson, 2021, p. 78).

What is a Reference Page?

A reference page in APA format appears at the end of your paper. It lists all the sources that you have cited or referred to in your paper. The purpose is to provide enough information so that your readers can locate the source material. This page is titled "References" and is arranged alphabetically by the authors' last names.

Example of an APA Reference:

  • Johnson, L. M. (2021). The effects of mindfulness meditation on stress . Mindful Publishing.

Resources for APA Style Questions

  • APA Style Manual : The most authoritative resource for APA formatting and style guidelines.
  • Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) : Offers comprehensive, easy-to-follow guidelines on APA formatting.

An APA Style Formatting Rule

  • Abstract : Most APA-style papers include an abstract. This is a brief summary of the paper, usually not exceeding 250 words. It appears on its own page, right after the title page.

Adhering to APA style ensures that your academic work is presented clearly and professionally. It also demonstrates respect for the intellectual property of others and upholds the principles of academic integrity.

Please let me know if you need more information. Here to help. Send a clarification request.

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IMAGES

  1. General Format

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  2. Owl APA Format Cover Page Purdue owl apa style guide

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  4. Owl Purdue Apa Annotated Bibliography / Annotated Bibliographies Apa

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  5. Purdue Owl Apa 7 Title Page / General Format // Purdue Writing Lab

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VIDEO

  1. #CHUtorial : Common APA Citation Formats

  2. APA Tutorial (Part 2 of 8): APA Help from the BHCC Library

  3. How to Use APA Formatting 7th Edition (Video 2: Topic Overviews)

  4. APA Formatting 7th Edition (Video 3)

  5. MSOM 600 APA Formatting Tips, Searches, & Purdue Owl

  6. APA 7

COMMENTS

  1. APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

    Basic Rules Basic guidelines for formatting the reference list at the end of a standard APA research paper Author/Authors Rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors that apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.) Articles in Periodicals

  2. APA Style Introduction

    Using citation machines responsibly Powered by APA Overview and Workshop This workshop provides an overview of APA (American Psychological Association) style and where to find help with different APA resources. It provides an annotated list of links to all of our APA materials and an APA overview.

  3. APA Tables and Figures

    APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition) General Format In-Text Citations: The Basics In-Text Citations: Author/Authors Reference List: Basic Rules Reference List: Author/Authors Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Books Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Audiovisual Media

  4. APA Style Guide

    ISBN: 9781433832161 Publication Date: 2019-10-01 The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style. Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) provides instruction on how to use APA 7th. Below are a few topics covered by the OWL. APA Style Introduction APA 7th

  5. APA Citation Style

    Download the Guidelines for APA Writing Style and Format file. Using APA to Cite Sources Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style® From APA Style®, these FAQs will help clarify frequent areas of confusion.

  6. Library: Purdue Global Library: APA Style Help & Tools

    Learn the basics of APA Style, including how to format a manuscript, understand the form and function of common manuscript parts, organize and express your thoughts clearly and precisely, employ the mechanics of style, use graphic elements effectively, credit sources and acknowledge the contributions of others, and construct a comprehensive and ...

  7. Using Sources & APA Style

    The Purdue Global Writing Center supports writers in college composition and across the curriculum with resources that cover a range of topics on using sources and APA Style from documentation guidelines and videos on formatting a title page and reference list to writing with integrity and avoiding plagiarism.

  8. Purdue OWL: APA Formatting

    This vidcast discusses how to format a paper using Microsoft Word according to APA style. To learn more about APA style, please visit the following resource ...

  9. APA Citation Format

    APA Style Manual Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. by American Psychological Association Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2020 (three copies at HSSE reference desk, one in HICKS) ISBN: 9781433832161 Publication Date: 2020 Last Updated: Dec 7, 2023 8:40 AM URL: https://guides.lib.purdue.edu/psychology Print Page

  10. APA

    Reference List: The Basics Types of APA Papers APA Changes 6th Edition General APA Facts APA Sample Paper Purdue OWL: Writing Tips Choosing a Topic Where Do I Begin? Developing Strong Thesis Statements Writing a Research Paper Citation Management Citation Management Tools Quick Reference Generators

  11. APA Formatting and Style Guide

    This resource was written by David Neyhart and Erin Karper. Last full revision by Jodi Wagner. Last edited by Dana Lynn Driscoll on May 17th 2007 at 3:24PM. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA ...

  12. Purdue Owl: APA Formatting & Style Guide

    Developed by Purdue's Online Writing Lab. Contains resources on in-text citation and the references page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. 55 49613

  13. APA Formatting and Citation (7th Ed.)

    Throughout your paper, you need to apply the following APA format guidelines: Set page margins to 1 inch on all sides. Double-space all text, including headings. Indent the first line of every paragraph 0.5 inches. Use an accessible font (e.g., Times New Roman 12pt., Arial 11pt., or Georgia 11pt.). Include a page number on every page.

  14. APA Citation Style Information

    APA Formatting & Style Guide by Purdue Owl. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the ...

  15. APA Style

    The authority on APA Style and the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.

  16. Publication Style Guides

    Education This is a guide for doing research in education. Purdue OWL APA 7th edition Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) is the "go to" for instruction on how to use APA 7th. Below are a few of the topics OWL has. Check out their website for more. https://owl.purdue.edu/index.html APA Style Introduction APA 7th APA Overview and Workshop APA 7th

  17. PDF Student Paper Setup Guide, APA Style 7th Edition

    Indent the first line of every paragraph of text 0.5 in. using the tab key or the paragraph-formatting function of your word-processing program. Page numbers: Put a page number in the top right corner of every page, including the title page or cover page, which is page 1. Student papers do not require a running head on any page.

  18. PDF APA Style Reference Guide for Journal Articles, Books, and Edited Book

    Concise Guide to APA Style (7th ed.): Journal articles and other periodicals Section 10.1 Books and reference works Section 10.2 Edited book chapters and entries in reference works Section 10.3. SOURCE: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the A erican Psychological

  19. Sample papers

    These sample papers demonstrate APA Style formatting standards for different student paper types. Students may write the same types of papers as professional authors (e.g., quantitative studies, literature reviews) or other types of papers for course assignments (e.g., reaction or response papers, discussion posts), dissertations, and theses.

  20. APA Style (7th Edition)

    APA Headings and Seriation; APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation; APA Sample Paper; Tables and Figures; Abbreviations APA Classroom Poster; Changes in the 7th Edition; General APA FAQs; APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition) Suggested Resources Style Guide Overview MLA Guide APA Guide Chicago Guide OWL Exercises. Purdue OWL; Research and ...

  21. Getting started

    Getting started. This APA 7th style guide is based on the citing and referencing sections of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) and the APA Style website (https://apastyle.apa.org).This guide is designed to help you: Apply the correct APA 7th format to different types of resources

  22. Formatting a Paper in APA

    APA Title Page for Student Papers. The following guidelines are the basic formatting rules outlined in the APA Publication Manual 7th edition. If your instructor sets different requirements, always use your instructor's guidelines first. Page Number: include the page number in the top right margin. (It will be 1 for the Title Page.

  23. Title page setup

    Follow the guidelines described next to format each element of the student title page. Professional title page The professional title page includes the paper title, author names (the byline), author affiliation (s), author note, running head, and page number, as shown in the following example.

  24. LibGuides: NSED 150 (Sinha) 2024: APA Citation Style

    Big Picture. APA style features in-text parenthetical citations, with a focus on author/date, and a corresponding Reference page.. In-Text Citations . elements include author's last name, year of publication and page number(s) elements in are separated by commas - Example: (Arnold, 2015, p. 378) a direct quote requires a page number preceded by p.

  25. Writing & Citing

    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA style guide) Chicago Manual of Style Online Book. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. For examples of APA, MLA and Chicago styles, and for quick reference, visit Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) site.

  26. APA style formatted is standard for research papers ...

    APA Style Manual: The most authoritative resource for APA formatting and style guidelines. Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab): Offers comprehensive, easy-to-follow guidelines on APA formatting. An APA Style Formatting Rule. Abstract: Most APA-style papers include an abstract. This is a brief summary of the paper, usually not exceeding 250 words.